When Poetry is Ripe: an Overview of the Theory of Kavyapaka

When Poetry is Ripe: an Overview of the Theory of Kavyapaka
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   A World of Nourishment Reections on Food in Indian Culture Edited by Cinzia Pieruccini and Paola M. Rossi  LEDIZIONI  CONSONANZECollana del   Dipartimento di Studi Letterari, Filologici e Linguistici   dell’Università degli Studi di Milanodiretta da   Giuseppe Lozza 3 Comitato scientico Benjamin Acosta-Hughes (The Ohio State University), Giampiera Arrigoni (Uni- versità degli Studi di Milano), Johannes Bartuschat (Universität Zürich), Alfonso D’Agostino (Università degli Studi di Milano), Maria Luisa Doglio (Università degli Studi di Torino), Bruno Falcetto (Università degli Studi di Milano), Alessandro Fo (Università degli Studi di Siena), Luigi Lehnus (Università degli Studi di Milano), Maria Luisa Meneghetti (Università degli Studi di Milano), Michael Metzeltin (Uni- versität Wien), Silvia Morgana (Università degli Studi di Milano), Laurent Pernot (Université de Strasbourg), Simonetta Segenni (Università degli Studi di Milano), Luca Serianni (Sapienza Università di Roma), Francesco Spera (Università degli Stu-di di Milano), Renzo Tosi (Università degli Studi di Bologna) Comitato di Redazione Guglielmo Barucci, Francesca Berlinzani, Maddalena Giovannelli, Cecilia Nobili, Stefano Resconi, Luca SacchiISBN 978-88-6705-543-2© 2016Ledizioni – LEDIpublishing  Via Alamanni, 1120141 Milano, Italia È vietata la riproduzione, anche parziale, con qualsiasi mezzo effettuata, compresa la fotoco- pia, anche a uso interno o didattico, senza la regolare autorizzazione.   Table of contents Preface, and a homage to Professor Giuliano Boccali 7Some marginal linguistic notes about Ṛ   gveda  1.187 (  annastuti   ) 13 M  ASSIMO  V   AI  - U NIVERSITÀ   DEGLI  S  TUDI   DI  M ILANO Prajāpati is hungry. How can the concept of eating be used in philosophy? 31  J OANNA  J UREWICZ  - U NIVERSITY    OF  W   ARSAW   What the king ate? On the ambivalence towards eating meat during the second half of the 1 st  millennium BCE 45 E DELTRAUD  H  ARZER   - U NIVERSITY    OF  T EXAS    AT  A USTIN , USA Magical kitchens or hunting? How to survive in the epic jungle 59 D  ANIELLE  F ELLER   - U NIVERSITY    OF  L  AUSANNE Notes on fast in India 71 F  ABRIZIA  B  ALDISSERA  - U NIVERSITÀ   DEGLI  S  TUDI   DI  F IRENZE  Tasting, feasting and chasing the great enemy hunger – some attitudes and habits as reected in Old Tamil Sangam works 83  J  AROSLAV   V   ACEK   - C HARLES  U NIVERSITY    IN  P RAGUE  The semantics of food in old Tamil poetry 99  A LEXANDER   D UBYANSKIY   - M OSCOW   S  TATE  U NIVERSITY  From fast to feast: The aśana  discourse of the Vidūṣaka in Kerala’s traditional Sanskrit theatre 111 C HETTIARTHODI  R   AJENDRAN  - U NIVERSITY    OF  C  ALICUT , I NDIA  A suitable girl. Daṇḍin and a meal on the banks of the Kāverī 121 C INZIA  P IERUCCINI  - U NIVERSITÀ   DEGLI  S  TUDI   DI  M ILANO  What to take on a wild goose chase.  The journeys of two feathered messengers in Sanskrit dūtakāvya 133 L IDIA  S ZCZEPANIK   - J  AGIELLONIAN  U NIVERSITY  , C RACOW   When poetry is ripe: An overview of the theory of kāvyapāka 145  A LESSANDRO  B  ATTISTINI  - S  APIENZA  – U NIVERSITÀ   DI  R  OMA Betel chewing in kāvya  literature and Indian art 163 H ERMINA  C IELAS  - J  AGIELLONIAN  U NIVERSITY  , C RACOW   The food of gods – naivedya/nirmālya in the Pāñcarātrika sources 177 M  arzenna  C zerniak  -D rożDżowiCz  - J  agiellonian  U niversity  , C raCow   Impregnating food. The miraculous conception motif in Indian narratives 191 L IDIA  S UDYKA  - J  AGIELLONIAN  U NIVERSITY  , C RACOW  Let the feast go on: Food and eating on the battleeld of Laṅkā 201 D  ANUTA  S  TASIK   - U NIVERSITY    OF  W   ARSAW  Eating and fasting to liberate the Mind. Some remarks on the theme of food in Keśavdās’s Vijñānagītā 215 S  TEFANIA  C  AVALIERE  - U NIVERSITÀ   DEGLI  S  TUDI   DI  N  APOLI  ‘L’O RIENTALE ’  Visual representations of aphrodisiacs in India from the 20 th  to the 10 th  century CE 231 D  AVID  S MITH  - L  ANCASTER   U NIVERSITY  Governing the body and the state: Akbar’s vegetarianism through the lenses of coeval literary sources 247 G IORGIO  M ILANETTI  - S  APIENZA  – U NIVERSITÀ   DI  R  OMA  With Bharatendu Harishchandra through the food-bazaar of  Andher Nagarī 259  T  ATIANA  D UBYANSKAYA  - J  AGIELLONIAN  U NIVERSITY  , C RACOW   The theme of hunger in Kafan , a short story by Prem Chand 271 D ONATELLA  D OLCINI  - U NIVERSITÀ   DEGLI  S  TUDI   DI  M ILANO  The food motif in the writings of Hindi women writers 279 D  AGMAR   M  ARKOVÁ  - P RAGUE Present-day Annapurnas. Food in Hindi life writings by women 283 M onika  B rowarCzyk   - a DaM  M iCkiewiCz  U niversity  , P oznań Food and fasting: Representing the traditional role of women in Hindi cinema 293 S  ABRINA  C IOLFI  - U NIVERSITÀ   DEGLI  S  TUDI   DI  M ILANO Fowl-cutlets and mutton singāḍā  s: Intercultural food and cuisine/s in Bengali detective ction 305 G  AUTAM  C HAKRABARTI  - F REIE  U NIVERSITÄT  B ERLIN Meat & esh: A reading of Anita Desai’s Fasting, Feasting 319 D  ANIELA  R  OSSELLA  - U NIVERSITÀ   DEGLI  S  TUDI   DI  P OTENZA  A man is what he eats (and what he doesn’t). On the use of traditional food culture in Anita Desai’s Fasting, Feasting and Amitav Ghosh’s The Glass Palace 329  A LESSANDRO  V  ESCOVI  - U NIVERSITÀ   DEGLI  S  TUDI   DI  M ILANO Mourning for the dead, feeding the living: mausar khānā 339 M  ARIA  A NGELILLO  - U NIVERSITÀ   DEGLI  S  TUDI   DI  M ILAN 0   When poetry is ripe:  An overview of the theory of k  āvyapāka     Alessandro Battistini Sapienza – Università di Roma  This paper will offer a complete review and translation of the passages dealing  with kāvyapāka  , the ‘ripeness of poetry’, throughout the  whole history of San-skrit poetics. The srcin of the idea most probably lies in an impressionistic comparison between poetry and fruit, the same idea that underlies the notion of the rasa    ‘sap/aesthetic experience’. Indeed, the vividness of the image is e  ven more striking than for rasa  , and the juxtaposition of kāvya   and juicy items has aroused the theoretic fancy of many   ālaṃkārika  s. In fact, although it does not enjoy a prominent position amongst critical devices,  pāka   and its varieties are mentioned and discussed in all major works on poetics. 1  Using a chronological viewpoint to follow the development of the concept, we start from some episodic remarks to arrive at the more complex classifications offered by Puranic systematists, only to end again with a simpli-fied categorization. This theoretic insight is followed by a brief review of the practical application of the theory of kāvyapāka  , presenting excerpts from clas-sical literature in which well-known works and authors are compared to fruits.  The Sanskrit texts of the translated passages are given in the Appendix at the end of the paper, in the order they appear. 1. Pāka  in theory   1.1 Bhāmaha,   Kāvyālaṃkāra   5.62    Bhāmaha is the first author to compare poetry to fruit, although he does not explicitly mention  pāka  . The rationale of the simile is evident: pedantic poetry is like a disgusting fruit. His judgment points to the realm of artha  : indeed the passage comes from the chapter devoted to poetic defects springing from logi-  1. So far, the only contribution explicitly devoted to the topic of kāvyapāka   is Dwivedi 1974.
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