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EN BANC JENNY M. AGABON and G.R. No. 158693 VIRGILIO C. AGABON, Petitioners, Present: Davide, Jr., C.J., Puno, Panganiban, Quisumbing,
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    EN BANC  JENNY M. AGABON and G.R. No. 158693 VIRGILIO C. AGABON,  Petitioners, Present: Davide, Jr., C  .  J  ., Puno, Panganiban, Quisumbing, nares! antiago,  andova#!Gutierre$,! versus ! %ar&io, 'ustria!(artine$, %orona, %ar&io!(ora#es, %a##e)o, r., '$*una, +inga, %i*o!Na$ario, and   Gar*ia,  JJ  . NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONSCOMMISSION (NLRC), RIVIERAHOME IMPROVEMENTS, INC. Promu#gated: and VICENTE ANGELES, Res&ondents.    November 1-, //0 x ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- x   DECISION    YNARES-SANTIAGO,  J.:  +is &etition or revie2 sees to reverse te de*ision 41  o te %ourt o '&&ea#s dated Januar 3, //3, in %'!G.R. P No. 63/1-, modiing te  de*ision o Nationa# 7abor Re#ations %ommission N7R% in N7R%!N%R %ase No. /300!//. Private res&ondent Riviera ome ;m&rovements, ;n*. is engaged in te business o se##ing and insta##ing ornamenta# and *onstru*tion materia#s. ;tem&#oed &etitioners <irgi#io 'gabon and Jenn 'gabon as g&sum board and*orni*e insta##ers on Januar , 199 4  unti# =ebruar 3, 1999 2en te 2eredismissed or abandonment o 2or. Petitioners ten i#ed a *om&#aint or i##ega# dismissa# and &ament o mone *#aims 43  and on De*ember 8, 1999, te 7abor 'rbiter rendered a de*isionde*#aring te dismissa#s i##ega# and ordered &rivate res&ondent to &a te monetar*#aims. +e dis&ositive &ortion o te de*ision states:  >?R?=@R?, &remises *onsidered, >e ind te termination o te *om&#ainants i##ega#. '**ording#, res&ondent is ereb ordered to &a tem teir ba*2ages u& to November 9, 1999 in te sum o: 1. Jenn (. 'gabon ! P56, 31.93 . <irgi#io %. 'gabon ! 56, 31.93 and, in #ieu o reinstatement to &a tem teir se&aration &a o one 1mont or ever ear o servi*e rom date o iring u& to November 9,1999. Res&ondent is urter ordered to &a te *om&#ainants teir o#ida &a and servi*e in*entive #eave &a or te ears 1996, 199- and1998 as 2e## as teir &remium &a or o#idas and rest das and <irgi#io'gabonAs 13 t  mont &a dierentia# amounting to +>@ +@B 'ND@N? BNDR?D =;=+ P,15/.// Pesos, or te aggregate amount o @N? BNDR?D +>?N+ @N? +@B 'ND ;C BNDR?D ?<?N+ ?;G+  93E1// P11,6-8.93 Pesos or Jenn 'gabon,and @N? BNDR?D +>?N+ +R?? +@B 'ND ?;G+BNDR?D +>?N+ ?;G+  93E1// P13,88.93 Pesos or <irgi#io 'gabon, as &er atta*ed *om&utation o Ju#ieta %. Ni*o#as, @;%,Resear* and %om&utation Bnit, N%R.  @ @RD?R?D. 40     @n a&&ea#, te N7R% reversed te 7abor 'rbiter be*ause it ound tat te &etitioners ad abandoned teir 2or, and 2ere not entit#ed to ba*2ages andse&aration &a. +e oter mone *#aims a2arded b te 7abor 'rbiter 2ere a#sodenied or #a* o eviden*e. 45  B&on denia# o teir motion or re*onsideration, &etitioners i#ed a &etitionor *ertiorari 2it te %ourt o '&&ea#s. +e %ourt o '&&ea#s in turn ru#ed tat te dismissa# o te &etitioners 2asnot i##ega# be*ause te ad abandoned teir em&#oment but ordered te &amento mone *#aims. +e dis&ositive &ortion o te de*ision reads:  >?R?=@R?, te de*ision o te Nationa# 7abor Re#ations%ommission is R?<?R ?D on# insoar as it dismissed &etitionerAsmone *#aims. Private res&ondents are ordered to &a &etitionerso#ida &a or our 0 regu#ar o#idas in 1996, 199-, and 1998, as2e## as teir servi*e in*entive #eave &a or said ears, and to &a te ba#an*e o &etitioner <irgi#io 'gabonAs 13 t  mont &a or 1998 in teamount o P,15/.//.  @ @RD?R?D. 46  en*e, tis &etition or revie2 on te so#e issue o 2eter &etitioners 2erei##ega## dismissed. 4-  Petitioners assert tat te 2ere dismissed be*ause te &rivate res&ondentreused to give tem assignments un#ess te agreed to 2or on a “pakyaw”  basis2en te re&orted or dut on =ebruar 3, 1999. +e did not agree on tisarrangement be*ause it 2ou#d mean #osing beneits as o*ia# e*urit stem  members. Petitioners a#so *#aim tat &rivate res&ondent did not *om&# 2itte t2in reFuirements o noti*e and earing. 48  Private res&ondent, on te oter and, maintained tat &etitioners 2ere notdismissed but ad abandoned teir 2or. 49  ;n a*t, &rivate res&ondent sent t2o#etters to te #ast no2n addresses o te &etitioners advising tem to re&ort or 2or. Private res&ondentAs manager even ta#ed to &etitioner <irgi#io 'gabon bte#e&one sometime in June 1999 to te## im about te ne2 assignment at Pa*ii*  P#a$a +o2ers invo#ving 0/,/// sFuare meters o *orni*e insta##ation 2or. o2ever, &etitioners did not re&ort or 2or be*ause te ad sub*ontra*ted to &erorm insta##ation 2or or anoter *om&an. Petitioners a#so demanded or anin*rease in teir 2age to P8/.// &er da. >en tis 2as not granted, &etitionerssto&&ed re&orting or 2or and i#ed te i##ega# dismissa# *ase. 41/  ;t is 2e##!sett#ed tat indings o a*t o Fuasi!)udi*ia# agen*ies #ie te N7R% are a**orded not on# res&e*t but even ina#it i te indings are su&&orted b substantia# eviden*e. +is is es&e*ia## so 2en su* indings 2ere airmed bte %ourt o '&&ea#s. 411  o2ever, i te a*tua# indings o te N7R% and te7abor 'rbiter are *on#i*ting, as in tis *ase, te revie2ing *ourt ma de#ve intote re*ords and eamine or itse# te Fuestioned indings. 41  '**ording#, te %ourt o '&&ea#s, ater a *areu# revie2 o te a*ts, ru#edtat &etitionersA dismissa# 2as or a )ust *ause. +e ad abandoned teir em&#oment and 2ere a#read 2oring or anoter em&#oer. +o dismiss an em&#oee, te #a2 reFuires not on# te eisten*e o a )ust andva#id *ause but a#so en)oins te em&#oer to give te em&#oee te o&&ortunit to be eard and to deend imse#. 413  'rti*#e 8 o te 7abor %ode enumerates te )ust *auses or termination b te em&#oer: a serious mis*ondu*t or 2i##u#disobedien*e b te em&#oee o te #a2u# orders o is em&#oer or te #atterAsre&resentative in *onne*tion 2it te em&#oeeAs 2orH b gross and abitua#neg#e*t b te em&#oee o is dutiesH * raud or 2i##u# brea* b te em&#oeeo te trust re&osed in im b is em&#oer or is du# autori$ed re&resentativeHd *ommission o a *rime or oense b te em&#oee against te &erson o isem&#oer or an immediate member o is ami# or is du# autori$edre&resentativeH and e oter *auses ana#ogous to te oregoing. 'bandonment is te de#iberate and un)ustiied reusa# o an em&#oee toresume is em&#oment. 410  ;t is a orm o neg#e*t o dut, en*e, a )ust *ause or termination o em&#oment b te em&#oer. 415  =or a va#id inding o abandonment, tese t2o a*tors sou#d be &resent: 1 te ai#ure to re&ort or 2or or absen*e 2itout va#id or )ustiiab#e reasonH and  a *#ear intention tosever em&#oer!em&#oee re#ationsi&, 2it te se*ond as te more determinativea*tor 2i* is maniested b overt a*ts rom 2i* it ma be dedu*ed tat te

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