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Urea Kamal

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    1 MANUFACTURE OF UREA ( Capacity : 1500 MTD ) PROJECT REPORT Submitted to Panjab University,Chandigarh In Partial Fulfillment of the requirements For the Degree of BACHELOR OF CHEMICAL ENGINEERING 2011 Submitted By: KAMAL BHARTI Univ Roll no:CH7228 Univ. Institute of Chemical Engineering & Tech. Panjab University,Chandigarh    2 ACKNOWLEDGEMENT I would like to thank my Department authorities for giving me this opportunity to work on this project which helped me in increasing my knowledge as well as in giving me an opportunity to put my theoretical knowledge to practical use. I would also like to offer my sincere thanks to my project supervisor Dr. Shantanu Basu for providing inspiration and encouragement throughout my work. I have enjoyed free and informal discussion with him and his valuable suggestions have gone a long way in the completion of my work. Thanks to all the teachers and staff of University Institute Of Chemical Engineering And Technology for their time to time guidance. Kamal Bharti    3 CERTIFICATE This is to certify that Mr Kamal Bharti, Roll No.-CH-7228, a final year student of the University Institute of chemical Engineering and Technology, Panjab University, Chandigarh has completed his  project entitled   ― MANUFACTURE OF UREA BY MITSUI TOATSU PROCESS ”  under my supervision.This report of the  project may be accepted for the evaluation as a part of the requirement of B.E. CHEMICAL degree. DR.   SHANTANU   BASU   UICET,   PU TEACHER SIGNATURE      4 TABLE OF CONTENTS 1.   INTROD UCTION ……………………………………………………………… 5 2.   MANUFACTURING OF UREA ……………………………………………… 6 3.   IMPORTANCE OF UREA…………………………………………………….. 6 4.   PROPERTIES OF UREA ……………………………………………………… 7 5.   VARIOUS UREA S YNTHESIS PROCESS…………………………………… 8 6.   PROCESS SELECTION………………………………………………………… .9 7.   PROCESS FLOW DIAGRAM ………………………………………………… 10 8.   PROCESS DESCRIPTIO  N……………………………………………………11  9.   MATERIAL BALANCE…………………………………………………….….15  10.   ENERGY BALANCE………………………………………………………….. 30 11.   DESIGN…………………………………………………………………………38  (a)   REACTOR DESIGN……………………………………………………….. 42 (b)   HIGH PRESSURE DECOMPOSER DESIGN……………………………..54  12.   COST ESTIMATION……………………………………………………………61  13.   GENERAL SITE CONSIDERATIONS………………………………………..69  14.   UTILITIES ……………………………………………………………………...74  15.   INSTRUMENT & CONTROL………………………………………………….77  16.   INSTRUCTIONS FOR OPERATION……………………………………......... 82 17.   STARTUP OF PLANT ………………………………………………………… .83 18.   SAFE TY…………………………………………………………………………84  19.   ENVIRONMEN TALCONSIDERATIONS…………………………………… ..91 20.   REFEREN CES…………………………………………………………………. 92

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