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UNCLASSIFIED. Date Missile Defense Agency (MDA) Exhibit R-2 RDT&E Budget Item Justification

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Missile Defense Agency (MDA) Exhibit R-2 RDT&E Budget Item Justification COST ($ in Thousands) FY 2005 FY 2008 FY 2009 FY 2010 FY 2011 PE 0 915,664 1,031, , , , , AEGIS
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Missile Defense Agency (MDA) Exhibit R-2 RDT&E Budget Item Justification COST ($ in Thousands) FY 2005 FY 2008 FY 2009 FY 2010 FY 2011 PE 0 915,664 1,031, , , , , AEGIS Block 2004 Test Bed 0 145,112 28,000 20, AEGIS BMD Block , ,500 87,600 76,100 47,800 3, AEGIS BMD Block , , , ,545 91,763 50, AEGIS BMD Block ,000 52, , , ,200 R109 AEGIS BMD Block ,000 21,100 39, , , Japanese Cooperative Program 0 36,234 44,000 75, , , , Program-Wide Support 0 12,525 14,029 14,264 10,453 10,690 11,425 Amount Included in PE D , , , ,431 PE Reflected in R ,664 1,031, , , , ,789 Note: This PE is established per Congressional direction. All projects previously funded in FY05 in PE C, BMD Midcourse Defense. A. Mission Description and Budget Item Justification The Aegis Ballistic Missile Defense (Aegis BMD) mission is to deliver an enduring, operationally effective and supportable Ballistic Missile Defense Capability in Aegis cruisers and destroyers to defend the nation, deployed forces, friends and allies, and to incrementally increase this capability by delivering evolutionary spiral improvements as part of BMDS block upgrades. The Aegis BMD element of the BMDS builds upon the existing Aegis Weapons System (AWS) and Standard Missile (SM) infrastructures deployed in Aegis cruisers and destroyers. Aegis BMD provides a forward-deployable, mobile capability to detect and track Ballistic Missiles of all ranges, and the ability to destroy Short-Range Ballistic Missile (SRBM), Medium-Range Ballistic Missile (MRBM), Intermediate-Range Ballistic Missile (IRBM), and selected long-range class threats in the midcourse phase of flight. Spiral upgrades to both the Aegis BMD Weapon System and the SM- 3 configurations will enable Aegis BMD to provide effective, supportable defensive capability against more difficult threats, including Long Range Ballistic Missiles (LRBMs). A.1 System Element Description Aegis BMD Block 2004 provides Long Range Surveillance and Track (LRS&T) capability to the BMDS against Ballistic Missile threats of all ranges. It also provides initial engagement capability against SRBM to MRBM-class threats. Aegis BMD is fielding the Block 2004 capability in three spirals: The first spiral provides an early LRS&T capability (BMD 3.0E Weapon System) to support BMDS engagements in support of Homeland Defense; The second spiral provides an initial engagement capability against SRBMs and MRBMs on Aegis BMD cruisers with the BMD Line Item 77-1 of 80 MDA Exhibit R-2 (PE C) Page 831 Missile Defense Agency (MDA) Exhibit R-2 RDT&E Budget Item Justification 3.0 Weapon System and SM-3 Blk I missile that can be used for emergency activation; Spiral three will provide an operationally certified LRS&T and engagement capability on Aegis BMD cruisers and destroyers configured with the BMD 3.6 Weapon System which is capable of firing SM-3 Blk I and IA missiles using organic and external sensors. Aegis BMD Block 2006 will develop and test SPY-1 radar tracking, RF discrimination, and Aegis BMD Fire Control improvements to the BMD Weapon System (BMD 4.0E). It will begin development of a limited capability against IRBMs to expand the threat set. Block 2006 will deliver BMD 4.0E and the Aegis BMD Signal Processor (BSP) to the Combat System Engineering Development Site (CSEDS) testbed. Also during this timeframe: The BMD 3.6 Weapon System will be installed on Aegis cruisers and destroyers, tested during at-sea firing test missions, and assessed to determine the direction for future improvements; The SM-3 Blk IA missiles will also be tested, assessed for future improvements, and delivered for deployment. Aegis BMD Block 2008 improves system effectiveness against an expanding threat set to include a fielded capability against some IRBM and longrange threats. This will be achieved by means of modifications to the Weapon System (BMD 4.0/4.0.1) that focus on the new RF discrimination and tracking capability, and an upgraded SM-3 guided missile. The Aegis BMD 4.0/4.0.1 Weapon System will build on Block 2006 BSP development (BMD 4.0E), integrating it with an updated variant of the SM-3 (SM-3 Blk IB). The SM-3 Blk IB configuration includes a performance-enhancing two-color IR seeker, and a Throttleable Divert and Attitude Control System (TDACS), which provides performance and manufacturing improvements and lowers unit cost. The initial capability (BMD 4.0) will be delivered as a testbed system with the SM-3 Blk IA missile. BMD will be an operationally certified system firing either the SM-3 Blk IA or IB missile. Also during this timeframe, Aegis BMD will complete the installation of the BMD 3.6 Weapon System on Aegis cruisers and destroyers, complete delivery of SM-3 Blk IA missiles for deployment, and begin delivery of SM-3 Blk IB missiles for at-sea testing and deployment. Aegis BMD Block 2010 will integrate the BMD mission with the Navy-developed Open Architecture system in order to preserve the sea-based BMD capability as Navy ship modernization plans are executed. The Aegis BMD Weapon System will transition from older, MIL-standard computers to new Commercial Off The Shelf (COTS) computing plants. This integration will allow ships operators to conduct combat missions with a single set of tactical computer programs running on the same computer system. This change will enhance display features and eliminate the need for a separate computing system specific to the BMD mission. This will enable Aegis BMD to maintain compatibility with Surface Navy ships and align with the Navy's modernization plan, while also expanding the number of ships available to serve as candidates for the BMD mission. Future fielded Aegis BMD system improvements will be built in this new architecture. Also during this timeframe, Aegis BMD will begin installations of the BMD Weapon System on Aegis cruisers and destroyers, continue to deliver SM-3 Blk IB missiles for testing and deployment, and assess weapon system and missile performance to determine the direction for further improvements. Line Item 77-2 of 80 MDA Exhibit R-2 (PE C) Page 832 Missile Defense Agency (MDA) Exhibit R-2 RDT&E Budget Item Justification Aegis BMD is working with the Japan Defense Agency (JDA) on the U.S./Japan Cooperative Research (JCR) project, which is developing advanced missile technologies in four areas: nosecone, Divert and Attitude Control System (DACS), propulsion, and seeker. In addition, the two countries are undertaking an SM-3 Cooperative Development (SCD) program, which consists of a spiral upgrade to the SM-3 Blk IB missile - a 21-inch diameter SM-3 missile (SM-3 Blk II/IIA). Missile development will be covered under the SCD project prior to the SM-3 Blk IIA incorporation into a spiral Block upgrade to the Aegis Ballistic Missile Defense system. The Aegis BMD Block 2012 program will integrate and test the SM-3 Blk IIA missile with the Aegis BMD Weapon System, which will expand the battlespace to include IRBM and selected longer-range threats. Weapon System modifications will also be made to accommodate an Engage-on- Remote capability. Also during this timeframe, Aegis BMD will continue to install the BMD Weapon System on Aegis cruisers and destroyers and assess performance to determine the direction for further improvements. A.2 System Element Budget Justification and Contribution to the Ballistic Missile Defense System (BMDS) Aegis BMD provides a mobile, forward-deployable LRS&T capability to the BMDS against ballistic missile threats of all ranges. In Block 2004, Aegis BMD also provides an engagement capability against short to medium range threats; in Block 2006, Aegis BMD will begin development of an engagement capability against limited IRBM threats; the Block 2008 fielded configuration will expand engagement capability to include more complex threats including intermediate range threats, and Block 2012 will further expand engagement capability against long-range threats, to include some ICBM-class threats. Aegis BMD Block upgrades will provide a capability to launch on and engage on cues from remote sensors, such as the FBX-T, via TADIL, as well as provide launch and engage data to other BMDS weapon systems, such as GMD and THAAD. Improvements to the Aegis BMD Signal Processor (BSP) will improve target object discrimination. Further improvements to the missile, such as the SM-3 Blk IB and Blk IIA planned configurations, will increase BMD battlespace by increasing the SM-3 range, speed, and discrimination capability. Aegis BMD will deliver the following: Fifteen (15) Aegis Destroyers equipped with the Aegis BMD Weapon System to conduct the LRS&T and engagement missions Three (3) Aegis Cruisers equipped with the Aegis BMD Weapon System to conduct the LRS&T and engagement missions SM-3 Missile Deliveries - To Be Used for Testing and/or Deployment o Five (5) SM-3 Blk I missiles o Six (6) MDP-1 SM-3 Blk I missiles o Two (2) Pathfinder SM-3 Blk IA Flight Test Rounds (FTRs) Line Item 77-3 of 80 MDA Exhibit R-2 (PE C) Page 833 Missile Defense Agency (MDA) Exhibit R-2 RDT&E Budget Item Justification o Nineteen (19) MDP-1 SM-3 Blk IA missiles o Forty (40) MDP-2 SM-3 Blk IA and IB missiles o Twenty-four (24) MDP-3 SM-3 Blk IB missiles A.3 Major System Element Goals Block Improve the Weapon System capability to identify and classify Ballistic Missile threat objects from debris and other components: Aegis BSP Engineering Development Model (EDM). Block Improve missile capability to identify and target the threat object through the All Reflective Optics (ARO), Advanced Signal Processor (ASP), and two-color missile seeker. Improve missile kinetic warhead (KW) kinematic performance: Throttleable Divert and Attitude Controls System (TDACS). Improve BMDS C2BMC performance: engagement coordination with THAAD and Patriot, kill assessment; and missile downlink system for improved kill assessment. Increase battlespace: enhanced Launch on Remote (via TADIL) and Aegis BMD integration with Joint Defense Planner. Block Broaden program application for U.S. and international Aegis ship population: Open Architecture. Improved BMDS C2BMC performance: migration to Joint Tactical Radio System and Common Link Interface Processor, and Forcenet/GIG compliance Block Increase battlespace: SM-3 Blk II/IIA integration into the Aegis BMD Weapon System, Engage on Remote, improved feature-aided track correlation, and improved BMDS sensor data fusion. JCR/SCD - Complete the U.S./Japan Cooperative Research (JCR) project; Initiate U.S./Japan SM-3 Cooperative Development (SCD) of the SM- 3 Blk II/IIA Missile (21-inch diameter SM-3 missile). A.4 Major Events Schedule and Description Major Event Project Timeframe Description Flight Test Japan Cooperative Research Project JCTV Q Conduct Joint Control Test Vehicle-1 (JCTV-1) Proof-of-Principle flight test to test the lightweight nosecone. Flight Tests FTM 04-1 (FM-7) Q FY 2005 Conducted FTM 04-1 (FM-7) flight test to verify BMD 3.0 emergency engagement capability with an intercept of a Group A target using an SM-3 Blk I missile. FTM 04-2 (FM-8) Q Conducted FTM 04-2 (FM-8) flight test to verify BMD 3.0 emergency engagement capability with an intercept of a Group B (MRBM) target using an SM-3 Blk I missile. Line Item 77-4 of 80 MDA Exhibit R-2 (PE C) Page 834 Missile Defense Agency (MDA) Exhibit R-2 RDT&E Budget Item Justification Major Event Project Timeframe Description FTM Q Conduct FTM-10 flight test to verify BMD 3.6 engagement capability with an intercept of a Group B (MRBM) target using an SM-3 Blk IA missile, supporting BMD 3.6 certification. FTM Q Conduct FTM-11 flight test to verify BMD 3.6 engagement capability with a near simultaneous multiple engagement and intercept of one low exoatmospheric Group A (SRBM) target using an SM-3 Blk IA missile, and a BQM-74 aerial target using an SM-2 Blk IIIA missile. FTM Q Conduct FTM-12 flight test to verify BMD 3.6 engagement capability with an intercept of a Group B target using an SM-3 Blk IA missile. FTM Q FY 2008 Conduct FTM-13 flight test to verify BMD 3.6 engagement capability with the near-simultaneous multiple engagement and intercept of two Group B (MRBM) targets, using two SM-3 Blk IA missiles. Critical Design Review Development Milestones BMD 3.0 Engineering Assessment Q FY 2005 Completed testing BMD 3.0 at the Combat Systems Engineering Development Site (CSEDS), and conducted BMD 3.0 Engineering Assessment to formally characterize the performance of BMD 3.0. BMD 3.6 Engineering Assessment Q Complete BMD 3.6 Engineering Assessment to provide an operationallycertified system with BMD LRS&T and engagement capability. BMD 3.6 Weapon System Certification Q Complete BMD 3.6 Weapon System certification following the BMD 3.6 Engineering Assessment. Block 2010 Preliminary Concept Review Q Conduct a Preliminary Concept Review of Aegis BMD Block 2010 with Open Architecture. Block 2012 System Requirements Review R109 4Q Conduct an SRR for Aegis BMD Block 2012 BMD 4.0E Engineering Assessment Q FY 2008 Complete development of the computer program upgrade BMD 4.0E, culminating with an Engineering Assessment (EA) in December BMD 4.0 Engineering Assessment Q FY 2009 Perform an EA of BMD 4.0 to provide a testbed system with the SM-3 Block IA missile. Block 2010 Preliminary Design Review Q FY 2009 Conduct a Preliminary Design Review of Aegis BMD Block 2010 with Open Architecture. BMD Engineering Assessment Q FY 2010 Perform EA of BMD to provide an operationally-certified system with the SM-3 Blk IA or IB missile. Block 2010 Critical Design Review Q FY 2010 Conduct CDR for the Aegis BMD Block 2010 with Open Architecture. Block 2012 Preliminary Design Review R109 3Q FY 2010 Conduct PDR for the Aegis BMD Block Block 2010 Engineering Assessment Q FY 2011 Perform an EA of Aegis BMD Block 2010 with Open Architecture SM-3 Blk II/IIA Development Milestones SM-3 Blk II/IIA System Concept Review Q Conduct SM-3 Blk II/IIA SCR. Line Item 77-5 of 80 MDA Exhibit R-2 (PE C) Page 835 Missile Defense Agency (MDA) Exhibit R-2 RDT&E Budget Item Justification Major Event Project Timeframe Description SM-3 Blk II/IIA System Requirements Review Q Conduct SM-3 Blk II/IIA SRR. SM-3 Blk II/IIA System Design Review Q FY 2008 Conduct SDR for the SM-3 Blk II/IIA missile configurations. SM-3 Blk II Preliminary Design Review Q FY 2009 Conduct PDR for the SM-3 Blk IIA missile SM-3 Blk IIA System Design Review Q FY 2010 Conduct SDR for the SM-3 Blk IIA missile to be fielded in Block Delivery Manufacturing Processes and Advanced Materials BMD 3.0 Computer Program Q FY 2005 Delivered BMD 3.0 computer program to support testbed and emergency engagement operations. B. Program Change Summary FY 2005 Previous President's Budget ( PB) Current President's Budget ( PB) 0 915,664 1,031,874 Adjustments 0 915,664 1,031,874 Congressional Specific Program Adjustments 0 929,076 0 Congressional Undistributed Adjustments 0-13,412 0 Reprogrammings SBIR/STTR Transfer Adjustments to Budget Years 0 0 1,031,874 FY05 funding for projects 0709, 0809, 0909, 0009, and 0402 is accounted for in PE C, BMD Midcourse Defense Segment. For comparison, the FY05 amounts for those projects totaled $1,092,362 thousand. FY06 increase of $ million implements the Congressionally directed transfer of the Sea-based Midcourse Defense Segment from the BMD Midcourse Defense Segment Program Element (PE # C) to a unique Program Element and includes a portion of the MDA Congressional undistributed adjustment. FY07 Increase of $1.032 billion follows through with implementation of the Congressionally directed Sea-based Midcourse Defense Segment transfer and includes adjustments to achieve overhead/infrastructure reductions. Line Item 77-6 of 80 MDA Exhibit R-2 (PE C) Page 836 Missile Defense Agency (MDA) Exhibit R-2A RDT&E Project Justification COST ($ in Thousands) FY 2005 FY 2008 FY 2009 FY 2010 FY AEGIS Block 2004 Test Bed 0 145,112 28,000 20, RDT&E Articles Qty Note: This PE was created per Congressional direction for FY06 and beyond. Project 0709 was previously funded and described in PE C, BMD Midcourse Defense. RDT&E Articles for FY06: Three (3) SM-3 missiles, and the installation of BMD 3.0E on one (1) DDG. A. Mission Description and Budget Item Justification Aegis BMD Block 2004 supports the BMDS mission of intercepting ballistic missiles in all regions, in all phases, and of all ranges, as follows: In all regions: Provide sea-based surveillance, tracking, and engagement capabilities in international waters. In all phases of ballistic missile flight: Long Range Surveillance and Track (LRS&T) capability against missile threats in all flight stages; engagement capability against missile threats in the midcourse flight stage Against all ranges: o Against long-range ballistic missiles by providing surveillance and tracking support as part of the Block 2004 Limited Defensive Capability (LDC). o Against short and medium range ballistic missiles by providing engagement support as part of Block Aegis BMD supports LDC by providing LRS&T data to other elements of the BMDS. Aegis BMD will further improve both national and international security with its ability to launch Standard Missile 3 (SM-3) missiles based upon autonomous data and upon data received via the Tactical Digital Information Link Joint (TADIL-J) network. The Aegis BMD Block 2004 program will: Defeat unitary and simple separating threats (Short Range Ballistic Missiles (SRBMs) and Medium Range Ballistic Missiles (MRBMs)) with Aegis BMD configured cruisers and destroyers using SM-3 Blk I or IA guided missiles. Provide Long Range Ballistic Missile (LRBM) surveillance and track data through the BMDS to the GMD element to cue and initiate fire control Weapons Task Plans. Provide Aegis BMD surveillance and track data to the BMDS to support Combatant Commander situational awareness. Expand the engagement battle space by using remote (Aegis AN/SPY-1) sensor data delivered via the TADIL-J network. Supply Aegis BMD operational data to the BMDS C2BMC Element to support Combatant Commander situational awareness. Provide an operational, engagement-capable system. Project: 0709 AEGIS Block 2004 Test Bed MDA Exhibit R-2A (PE C) Line Item 77-7 of 80 Page 837 Missile Defense Agency (MDA) Exhibit R-2A RDT&E Project Justification Aegis BMD Block 2004 develops three incremental capabilities: LRS&T (BMD 3.0E computer program) support as part of LDC; A preliminary engagement capability (BMD 3.0 with SM-3 Blk I) for test bed operations and for emergency use, if required; and An operationally certified BMD capability that combines the engagement capability with the LRS&T capability (BMD 3.6 with SM-3 Blk I and IA). The final Block 2004 is fully compliant with the Element Capability Specification. In collaboration with the MDA Systems Engineer, Aegis BMD is contributing to the BMDS in development of engagement sequence groups (ESGs). Aegis BMD supports an autonomous engagement against SRBMs and MRBMs without requiring external cueing. Aegis BMD Block 2004 will support SM-3 Engage on AN/SPY-1, SM-3 Launch on Remote (AN/SPY-1), GBI Engage on AN/SPY-1, and GBI Launch on AN/SPY-1. B. Accomplishments/Planned Program FY 2005 Weapon System Engineering 0 84,112 5,000 RDT&E Articles (Quantity) In Block 2004, the Aegis BMD Weapon System Engineering group developed BMD 3.0E to provide LRS&T capability to the BMDS; BMD 3.0 to support testbed and emergency engagement operations; and BMD 3.6 to provide an operationally-certified system. Aegis BMD met the President's LDC objectives by deploying BMD 3.0E in Block FY06 Planned Program: RDT&E Articles: Aegis DDG configured with BMD 3.0E (1) Aegis BMD Weapon System: For LRS&T: o Install BMD 3.0E (LRS&T) on one (1) Aegis Destroyer o Monitor the operational performance of the BMD 3.0E LRS&T Aegis destroyers. o Perform computer program maintenance modifications to BMD 3.0E to implement lessons learned from FTM 04-2 (FM-8) and GT-189. o Participate in Aegis BMD fl
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