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U.S. State Department Bureau of Counterterrorism briefing book

This is a briefing book compiled for the Politics of National Security Budgeting course taught by Professor Gordon Adams at American University. It provides an overview of the U.S. Department of State Bureau of Counterterrorism's organization, programming and budget in fiscal 2013.
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  U.S. STATE DEPARTMENT BUREAU OF COUNTERTERRORISM BRIEFING BOOK Fiscal Year 2013 February 25, 2013   S/CT BRIEFING BOOK 1 To: Coordinator of Counterterrorism, U.S. State Dept. Bureau of Counterterrorism From: Rachel S. Karas, Principal Deputy Coordinator and Acting Coordinator Re: Agency Briefing Book, U.S. State Dept. Bureau of Counterterrorism Executive Summary The State Department’s Bureau of Counterterrorism is a vital pa rt of the U.S. fight against the global terror threat. Working with other bureaus within State, related U.S. government agencies, the National Security staff and others, the Bureau leads the government in conducting counterterrorism diplomacy and security operations worldwide. This book will provide a briefing of the details needed to transition into a leadership position within the Bureau, including program objectives, budget figures and stakeholders. History and Mission The Bureau of Counterterrorism was established in January 2012, assuming the responsibilities of the Office of the Coordinator for Counterterrorism within a new bureaucratic infrastructure. It therefore acts as the State Department arm of the government-wide effort to combat terrorism abroad and secure national interests at home. It is also State’s principal liaison on homeland security with the Department of Homeland Security. “  The primary mission of the Bureau of Counterterrorism is to forge  partnerships with non-state actors, multilateral organizations, and foreign  governments to advance the counterterrorism objectives and national security of the United States. ”   The Bureau has five main responsibilities: 1.   Developing and implementing U.S. counterterrorism strategy, policy and operations 2.   Counterterrorism diplomacy 3.   Strengthening homeland security 4.   Countering violent extremism 5.   Partner capacity building to deal effectively with terrorism President Richard Nixon created the srcinal counterterrorism organization, the Office for Combating Terrorism, in 1972. This office became the Office of the Ambassador-at-Large for Counterterrorism in 1985, then the Office of the Coordinator for Counterterrorism in 1989. Congress officially mandated the office in 1994 under Public Law 103-236 [H.R. 2333] in 1994, codifying the Coordinator’s role under Public Law 105 -277 [H.R. 4328] in 1998. The transition was overseen by Ambassador-at-Large Daniel Benjamin during his term as Coordinator of Counterterrorism from 2009 to 2012. Ambassador Jerry P. Lanier succeeded him as Coordinator in December 2012. The Coordinator acts as the principal adviser to the Secretary of State on counterterrorism strategy, policy, operations and programming.   S/CT BRIEFING BOOK 2 Strengthening the U.S. government’s counterterrorism infrastructure is a necessary response to the continuing terrorist threat from al-Qaeda and other groups worldwide. Even in a post-9/11 world of CT success, the many challenges we still face are diverse and yet unprecedented. The Bureau utilizes its tools of diplomacy and development in tandem with defense, intelligence, law and homeland security in order to deal effectively with terrorism in the 21 st  century. Organizational Structure The Bureau of Counterterrorism reports to the Office of the Under Secretary for Civilian Security, Democracy and Human Rights, led by Maria Otero. CT leadership consists of five positions:    Coordinator for Counterterrorism o   Principal Deputy Coordinator    Deputy Coordinators, each of whom leads a functional directorate    Homeland Security and Multilateral Affairs    Operations    Regional Affairs and Programs CT base operations currently include:   S/CT BRIEFING BOOK 3    70 U.S. Direct Hire positions o   54 civil service o   16 foreign service domestic    30 contract staff positions For FY2013, the Bureau seeks to increase its staff by 17 percent, which would add 12 civil service positions for a total of 82 USDH employees. The increase serves to facilitate new  personnel needs as CT transitions from an office to a bureau, including filling the position of a central contact point with DHS. Exhibit 1 details the increased personnel in each office dealing with counterterrorism programs overseen by the Bureau (in the “Domestic” column) as well as the amount of money needed to run each office (“Bureau Managed”), money given to employees (“American Salaries”) and total funding per office. Exhibit 2 shows the breakdown of staff members in the offices of the Bureau leadership. There are no values for FY2011 because the Bureau was not established as such until the following fiscal year and therefore had a different organizational structure. Exhibit 1 Comment [AG1]: What does this mean?
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