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Travel VOCABULARY. r u i s e. a n d s c a p e. a n. g 6. c r e s e a r c h

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7 2 Travel VOCABULARY 1 Complete the puzzle using the clues below Across 2 a journey on a boat or ship for enjoyment 5 the physical features of an area, such as mountains 6 investigation into a particular
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7 2 Travel VOCABULARY 1 Complete the puzzle using the clues below Across 2 a journey on a boat or ship for enjoyment 5 the physical features of an area, such as mountains 6 investigation into a particular subject Down 1 goal, aim 3 evenly distributed, equilibrium 4 harm to or bad effect on something or someone 5 l 2 c p r u i s e r p b o d a n d s c a p e l e m a a n g 6 c r e s e a r c h e Choose the correct answer Pay attention to the underlined words 1 When you rescue someone, you put them in / save them from danger 2 When something sinks, it goes to the bottom / top 3 When you are concerned, you feel worried / angry 4 When you sign up for something, you are going to buy / attend it 5 When something leaks, there is usually a hole / noise 6 When something is treacherous, it is safe / dangerous 3 Choose the sentence that best follows the original 1 Many budget airlines charge an extra fee for luggage a For this reason, some people take their own food on flights b That s why some people travel with small bags only 2 The two passengers were badly injured in the accident a Both of them had been driving too fast b They were both in the back seat of the car 3 I wasn t aware of the problem a I m glad you told me b I didn t think it was so serious 4 I was delayed by traffic yesterday a I hadn t expected the roads to be so empty b I missed the beginning of the ceremony 5 Keep in mind that Pierre isn t fluent in English a He may have misunderstood what you said b It s not something you need to think about 6 The departure time is 15:00 a However, we must be at the station early to buy tickets b Let s be on time to meet Lena when she gets off the train 52 Unit 7 4 Complete the dialogue with the words and phrases below go sightseeing flights airline book a room return ticket hotel accommodation youth hostel go abroad holiday 5 Complete the sentences by adding a suitable noun suffix to the words in brackets Make any necessary changes Use a dictionary to help you 1 Your friendship is important to me (friend) 2 There s a possibility it may rain (possible) 3 He made a good impression (impress) 4 There is sadness in the man s eyes (sad) 5 Have you reached an agreement yet? (agree) 6 Don t worry about your appearance (appear) 7 He is an excellent guitarist (guitar) Susan: How about going to Greece for our summer holiday? There are 1 flights to Athens now for only 79! Michelle: That s such a low price It must be only for one way Susan: No, it s definitely a 2 return ticket Michelle: Which 3 airline is offering that? Susan: It s called Wings Let s go online and book seats! Michelle: Great! I ve always wanted to go on 4 holiday to Greece! Where do you think we should stay? Susan: I m sure we can get cheap 5 accommodation maybe we can stay at a 6 youth hostel rather than at a fancy hotel 7 Michelle: Great idea Let s try to 8 book a room online Susan: Do you think we will need a car? Michelle: No We won t need one We ll be able go sightseeing on foot or by bus to 9 Susan: You re right OK Let s do it Let s make arrangements to 10 go abroad this summer! 6 Complete the passage by adding a suitable noun or adjective suffix to the words in brackets Use a dictionary to help you Enjoying Time in Airports In recent years, airports have become very 1 stressful (stress) places where passengers face long queues, delays and lost luggage In addition, there now seems to be little 2 difference (differ) between the terminal of a 3 typical (type) airport and a crowded, noisy shopping centre But airports in some cities including Paris, Amsterdam and San Francisco offer travellers a quieter alternative: art museums Some feature work by contemporary local 4 artists (art), while others make arrangements 5 (arrange) with major museums that allow them to borrow important works of art for special 6 exhibitions (exhibit) 7 Information(inform) about airport museums is available online so why not look it up before your next flight? 7 Complete the sentences Make them true for you 1 I ve got an agreement with my parents that I will Accept all logical and grammatically correct answers 2 I d like to go on a cruise that 3 I often have to stand in a queue when 4 I once signed up for 5 The main purpose of studying English is 53 GRAMMAR 1 Complete each sentence with the correct form of the verbs in brackets Use the first or second conditional 1 If you take (take) the motorway, you will regret (regret) it It s rush hour now, and there s a lot of traffic 2 We won t have (not have) the party outside if it rains (rain), but according to the forecast, the weather s supposed to be fine 3 Brian insulted me last night Until he apologises (apologise), I won t talk (not talk) to him 4 Sara got angry the last time you made a suggestion to her, so if I were (be) you, I wouldn t offer (not offer) her any advice 5 They have great clothes in this shop, but I hate the long queues If they hired (hire) more assistants, the queues would be (be) shorter 6 I m sorry, sir Ms Jones left the office for a few minutes, but when she returns (return), I will give (give) her your message 3 Write captions with the phrases in brackets Use the third conditional 1 (not be so tired / not go to bed so late) I wouldn t be so tired if I hadn t gone to bed so late 2 (go shop earlier / can buy an MP4 at half price) If we had gone to the shop earlier, we could have bought an MP4 at half price 3 (wear warm clothes / listen to the weather forecast) 2 Choose the correct answer 1 If I see Michael tonight, I let / will let you know 2 The passengers wouldn t be so angry if they knew / had known the reason for the delay 3 If I were you, I would tell / will tell Jane the truth 4 By the time I finish this essay, it will be / would have been midnight 5 If James had given his ex-girlfriend a birthday present, I would be / would have been upset 6 Unless the manager changes / will change my working hours, I will leave my job 7 I can t come over until my parents returned / return with the car 8 I could have afforded / can afford a new bike if I hadn t gone on holiday a few months ago We would have worn warm clothes if we had listened to the weather forecast 4 (not miss bus / arrive a minute earlier) You wouldn t have missed the bus if you had arrived a minute earlier 54 Unit 7 4 Complete the sentences Do not change the original meaning of the sentences 1 I think you should buy the black jeans If I were you, I would buy the black jeans 2 You can t use the gym equipment without being a member Unless you re a member, you can t use the gym equipment 3 Ron didn t like the food at the party, so he didn t eat If Ron had liked the food at the party, he would have eaten 4 I don t mind walking the dog tonight, but will you do it tomorrow? If I walk the dog tonight, will you walk? it tomorrow 5 It s important that I get up when the alarm rings As soon as the alarm rings, I ll get up 5 Complete the with the correct form of the verbs in brackets Dear Laura, I m sorry for not writing sooner These days, I spend most of my time studying, because I know that if I 1 don t revise (not revise) as much as possible before my exams, I 2 will regret (regret) it If there 3 were (be) more hours in the day, I 4 would have (have) time to do everything I want to do! I m still enjoying living in New York City and sometimes, amazing things happen here For instance, an hour ago, I saw a jet plane make an emergency landing on the Hudson River! If the pilot 5 hadn t reacted (not react) so quickly, there 6 could have been (can be) a terrible disaster If I 7 hadn t seen (not see) it, I would have believed never 8 (will believe) it! If you 9 watch (watch) the news tonight, you 10 will get (get) more details I m looking forward to seeing you next month Let me know your arrival date as soon as you 11 book / have booked (book) your ticket I hope that by the time you 12 arrive (arrive), winter 13 will be (be) over! Love, Nina 6 Correct the errors 1 We won t drive unless the weather improved We won t drive unless the weather improves 2 If people were more careful, there would is less damage to the environment If people were more careful, there would be less damage to the environment 3 As soon as I got to the airport, I ll phone you As soon as I get to the airport, I ll phone you 4 If he hadn t got the job, I would has been upset If he hadn t got the job, I would have been upset 5 What would have you done if you had got lost? What would you have done if you had got lost? 7 Translate the sentences 1 Will you stay at a hotel if your train is delayed? T allotjaràs en un hotel si el teu tren va amb retard? 2 If we go abroad, we will rent a car Si anem a l estranger, llogarem un cotxe 3 I wouldn t be concerned if you called more often No estaria preocupat si truquessis més sovint 4 If the weather conditions hadn t been treacherous, we would have had fun Si les condicions meteorològiques no haguessin estat perilloses, ens ho hauríem passat bé 5 We ll deliver your luggage as soon as it arrives Portarem el seu equipatge tan aviat com arribi Grammar Review 8 Rewrite the sentences using the words in brackets Do not change the original meaning of the sentences 1 I can t print my report until I buy new ink for the printer (as soon as) As soon as I buy new ink for the printer, I ll print my report 2 I m sure it wasn t Paul, because he s in Ireland this week (couldn t) It couldn t have been Paul because he s in Ireland this week 3 Jennie s flight was delayed, so we had time to have lunch together (if) If Jennie s flight hadn t been delayed, we wouldn t have had time to have lunch together 4 John and I met in 2005 (known) John and I have known each other since My parents were born in the USA They moved to England 20 years ago (who) My parents, who were born in the USA, moved to England 20 years ago / My parents, who moved to England 20 years ago, were born in the USA 55 READING 1 Read the text and decide what the words in bold refer to 1 their Clémence Cadario and Nicolas Valdivieso 2 these future trips with Mike Horn 3 its YEP s 4 this exploring isolated and difficult terrain 2 Read the text and choose the correct answer 1 Some YEP students have a accompanied Horn to the Gobi Desert b travelled to the Arctic Peninsula with Horn c attended upcoming courses d journeyed to the South Pole and the Antarctic Peninsula 2 To reach the source of the Amazon River, Horn a rode a hydrospeed b walked to the Peruvian Andes from the Pacific Ocean c walked 7,000 kilometres from the Atlantic Ocean d began on the west coast of Africa 3 Write T (True) or F (False) for each sentence Find information in the text to support your answers F 1 Clémence Cadario and Nicolas Valdivieso are two of the founders of YEP At their side was Mike Horn, a South-African born adventure traveller and the founder of the T Young Explorers Programme (YEP) 2 Mike Horn has been an adventure traveller for more than ten years For over a decade, he has explored isolated and difficult terrain F 3 Mike Horn s journey around the equator lasted for two years in a trip that lasted a year and a half, Horn travelled around the world along the equator 4 Find words in the text that mean: 1 person who initiates an organisation (paragraph 1) founder 2 about to happen; in the near future (paragraph 1) upcoming 3 far away from other places or people (paragraph 3) isolated 4 excitement about something (paragraph 4) enthusiasm On 19th January 2009, 20-year-old Clémence Cadario, from France, and 18-year-old Chilean-born Nicolas Valdivieso skied over 110 kilometres to the South Pole They are among the youngest people ever to do this At their side was Mike Horn, a South Africanborn adventure traveller and the founder of the Young Explorers Programme (YEP) Two months before Horn s trip to the South Pole, he and six other YEP participants, none older than 20 years old, had gone to the Antarctic Peninsula Young people who complete upcoming YEP training courses will join Horn on future travels These trips will include explorations of China s Gobi Desert, the North Pole, East Africa and the Himalayas Among YEP s goals, according to its website, is for young people to see the world, share their experiences with others and become, in effect, ambassadors on behalf of our fragile and endangered environment To people familiar with his career, Mike Horn s establishment of YEP was unsurprising For over a decade, he has explored isolated and difficult terrain Horn always does this without the use of motorised transport In 1997, he walked from the Pacific Ocean to the source of the Amazon River in the Andes Mountains of Peru Then, he travelled 7,000 kilometres by river to the Atlantic Ocean on a hydrospeed a simple board that a rider propels and steers with his or her feet and hands Two years later, in a trip that lasted a year and a half, Horn travelled around the world along the equator, beginning from the west coast of Africa On that trip, Horn travelled by walking, swimming, mountain-biking and boating Afterwards, Horn travelled 20,000 kilometres around the Arctic Circle without even using dogs to pull the sledges Now in his mid-40s, Horn is sharing his enthusiasm, knowledge and experience with a new generation of explorers, who will in turn promote responsible adventure travel and environmental awareness 56 Nicolas Valdivieso, Mike Horn and Clémence Cadario WRITING 1 Complete the sentences with a suitable pronoun or possessive adjective 1 Lucy gave me two CDs, but I haven t listened to them yet 2 These jeans don t fit me well I don t think I ll buy them 3 I ve never been here before This is my first visit 4 Let s have a surprise party for Bob That is a great idea! 5 Michelle, is this your notebook? Yes, it s mine 2 Rewrite the following sentences by replacing words with pronouns where there is unnecessary repetition 1 Danny doesn t want to see that film because Danny has already seen that film Danny doesn t want to see that film because he s already seen it 2 The Smiths invited my parents to dinner, so my parents are going to the Smiths house tonight The Smiths invited my parents to dinner, so they re going there tonight 3 Complete the below with suitable pronouns and possessive adjectives Dear Mum and Dad, Thanks for 1 your It was nice to hear all the news from home I m sending some photos, so that you can see how I m doing Most of 2 them are of me falling down during my snowboarding lessons The sport is definitely much more difficult to learn than I thought 3 it would be My teacher, Pierre, is very patient I m sure that if I follow 4 his advice, I ll soon improve My friend Jack is already boarding on his own, but I don t feel ready for 5 that yet By the way, the hotel is fantastic! 6 It has got a great restaurant and pub, and we ve met a lot of nice people Tonight, we re going out with some students from Germany who are the same age as 7 we are, and 8 their English is excellent See you in a few days! Sam Your Task Write an or an informal letter to a friend about a class trip you have taken or are planning to take Use words WRITING YOUR OR LETTER 1 Brainstorm your or informal letter Decide who you are going to write to and what your trip was / will be Which of the sentences below could you use for planning a trip? Which could you use to describe a trip you have already taken? - I bought a really nice souvenir - I haven t packed my bag yet - The queue at the museum was very long - Departure time is 9 am don t be late! - We had a fantastic time - We re going to stay overnight in a youth hostel - It was the best / worst trip I ve ever had! - Are you going to go sightseeing every day? - Our bus was delayed and our luggage didn t arrive! 2 Organise your ideas Use the model in Exercise 3 and the plan below to help you PLAN Opening: Greeting Make opening remarks and state your reason for writing Body: Give information, news and details Closing: Make closing remarks and sign off 3 Write a first draft 4 Use the checklist to check your work Then write a final draft and grammatically correct answers CHECKLIST I followed the plan for an or informal letter I used referencing correctly I checked grammar, spelling and punctuation Unit 7 Accept all logical See Writing Guide, Student s Book page Progress Check Unit 7 Vocabulary 1 Complete the sentences with the words and phrases below treacherous leak overnight delay sign up for belong to luggage go abroad concerned aware 1 We stayed overnight in an expensive hotel Unfortunately, we had to leave the next day 2 Most people are aware of the importance of protecting our environment 3 The driver put all the luggage in the back of the taxi before he drove to the airport 4 Don t forget to sign up for the Tai-chi class 5 My parents have decided they don t want to go abroad this year We re going to have our holiday close to home instead 6 These cups leak There s coffee all over the table 7 Does this sweatshirt belong to you? It isn t mine 8 That mountain road is treacherous There have been many accidents on it this year 9 I m very concerned about you You don t look well 10 Don t delay the meeting We need to discuss everything now 2 Complete the sentences by adding a suitable noun suffix to the words in brackets Make any necessary changes 1 My relationship(relation) with Mum has improved 2 Our decision (decide) to move to Australia is not a sudden one 3 They took powerful torches with them as the darkness (dark) was frightening 4 You really ought to make anappointment (appoint) with the dentist 5 What s the difference (differ) between a kangaroo and a wallaby? 6 Has he thought about the possibility (possible) of renting a car? Grammar 3 Complete the sentences with the correct form of the verbs in brackets Use the correct type of the conditional or a time clause 1 Unless you tell me the truth, I won t speak (not speak) to you again 2 If Raymond doesn t change (not change) his mind, he will fly home at the end of the month would have enjoyed 3 You (enjoy) the party, if you had come 4 If I were you, I would tell (tell) the truth 5 As soon as she hears (hear) anything, she ll call us 6 Sharon would have sent s to everyone if her computer hadn t crashed (not crash) 4 Rewrite the sentences using the words in brackets Do not change the original meaning of the sentences 1 The family car is in the garage, so I have to walk to school (if) If the family car weren t in the garage, I wouldn t have to walk to school / I wouldn t have to walk to school if the family car weren t in the garage 2 I won t find a suitable present if you don t help me (unless) Unless you help me, I won t find a suitable present / I won t find a suitable present unless you help me 3 You never get up in time because you go to bed so late (didn t) If you didn t go to bed so late, you would get up in time / You would get up in time if you didn t go to bed so late 4 I promise to visit you when I ve got time (as soon as) As soon as I ve got time, I ll visit you / I ll visit you as soon as I ve got time Writing 5 Choose the correct answer 1 I found this bag on the floor Is it yours / your? 2 I was looking at some shoes in a shop window today They / These were very expensive 3 Did you see the latest Batman film? Yes, it / he was very scary 58 Progress Check Units1-7 Unit 7 Vocabulary 1 The following sentences don t make sense Make them logical by replacing the words in bold with other words in bold from a different sentence 1 Don t avoid to call if you need me hesitate 2 We won t reveal the owner of our information source 3 This marathon is really testing his source endurance 4 Why did you hesitate me all last week? avoid 5 Will the acquaintance of the blue Mercedes please move it now? owner 6 She is an old endurance of mine acquaintance 2 Complete the passage with the words and phrases below There are more words than you need confident research ordinary ruler concerned blind share belong to better off unfair request chilly Dennis Hope is not an 1 man He
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