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Study of Higher Education Student's Awareness of Disaster Management- Case Study Indore City

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This paper research study on disaster awareness, in this context, it is essential to analyze the awareness about natural disasters and the management of disasters among the students of higher education. An 11 item questionnaire was administered among
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  IRJMSH Vol 9 Issue 3 [Year 2018 ] ISSN 2277  –  9809 (0nline) 2348  – 9359 (Print) International Research Journal of Management Sociology & Humanity ( IRJMSH ) Page 28 www.irjmsh.com   Study of Higher Education Student’s Awareness of Disaster Management  - Case Study Indore City.  Amreen khan   khanamreen0147@gmail.com Student, M.B.A. (Disaster Management)  IMS, Devi Ahilya University  Indore, 452001, India Mansi Singh 1994mansisingh @gmail.com   Student, M.B.A. (Disaster Management)  IMS, Devi Ahilya University  Indore, 452001, India Dr. Shine David shinelavi77@gmail.com    Assistant Professor, Coordinator, M.B.A. (Disaster Management)  IMS, Devi Ahilya University  Indore, 452001, India Abstract This paper research study on disaster awareness, in this context, it is essential to analyze the awareness about natural disasters and the management of disasters among the students of higher education. An 11 item questionnaire was administered among the University, Colleges and their answers were analyzed and computed. The study involve 100 girls and 80 boys of university of Indore. The sample drawn from across different department of university affiliated collage in the city. The data collected were analyzed using independent T-test using mean score standard deviation, P-value. The finding of study showed that the major constraint of awareness of  IRJMSH Vol 9 Issue 3 [Year 2018 ] ISSN 2277  –  9809 (0nline) 2348  – 9359 (Print) International Research Journal of Management Sociology & Humanity ( IRJMSH ) Page 29 www.irjmsh.com  personal injuries, damages and loss of life, lack of encouragement of disaster preparedness in family and educated society. This study shows that the awareness about disaster management should be improved among the higher education. Keywords:  Disaster Preparedness, Family, Higher education, Awareness. INTRODUCTION Disaster is sudden, interruption in normal functioning of a society which may lead to economic, human and materialistic loss. It is also known as inappropriate managed risk which is combination of hazards and risks. The word disaster is derived from a French word which means bad star. India which is the seventh largest by area and second largest by population, along with populous democracy in the globe. Madhya Pradesh also kwon as the central state is the second largest state in the country. Madhya Pradesh was first struck by a massive industrial man-made disaster in December 1984, triggered by gas leak incident at Union Carbide India Limited pesticide plant in Bhopal, capital of Madhya Pradesh. It resulted in about 3,700 deaths related to gas release. The cause of disaster remains under debate. On Global Platform United Nations General Assembly in 1989 declared the decade 1990-2000 as the International Decade for Natural Disaster Reduction. In October 1999, a super cyclonic tropical storm occurred in Odisha peaking with winds of 260km/h. It damaged around 1.5 million homes and causing rivers to breach 20,000 flood embankments. It caused around 9000 fatalities and destruction around 4 million us dollars. Another significant natural disaster occurred at Jabalpur in 1997, an earthquake of 5.8 magnitude which resulted in collapsing of 8,500 houses and around 52,000 houses got partially damaged. Similarly in January, 2001 a massive earthquake stroked Bhuj region of Gujarat. The intraplate earthquake reached 7.7 magnitude scale. It killed nearly around 20,000 people, injured around 167,000 people and destroyed nearly 400,000 homes. Government of India, enacted The Disaster Management Act, 2005comprising of 11 chapters and 79 sections. The Act provides for the ―effective management of disasters and for matters connected there with or any incidents. National Disaster Management Academy was established as a result of this act to ensure holistic and distributed approach to disaster management. During October, 2013 during a festival stampede broke out in Datia district of the state. Around 110 people were killed and injured more than 100. Rescue operations were hampered by 7 km long jam on temple roadway. Recently in September, 2015 explosion occurred in the town of Petlawad, attributed to illegally stored explosives that detonated along with a cooking gas cylinder. It resulted in loss of around 100 lives and around 150 fatal injuries.  IRJMSH Vol 9 Issue 3 [Year 2018 ] ISSN 2277  –  9809 (0nline) 2348  – 9359 (Print) International Research Journal of Management Sociology & Humanity ( IRJMSH ) Page 30 www.irjmsh.com  Then to after so many incidents including floods, droughts, earthquakes, cyclones, industrial disasters etc. still there is lack of common awareness on disaster preparedness and pragmatic understanding of rescue and relief operations. India being manily constituting youth population need to create awareness among youth who are studying in various colleges and universities.   These losses could have been substantially reduced or eliminated through comprehensive pre-disaster planning and mitigation actions. While Disaster awareness students, family and society is themselves need to be keen on the safety environment, United Nations agencies and other humanitarian organizations have been advocating for safety. The charter recognizes that preparedness in the education sector advocates for preservation of the right to life with dignity, protection against threats and availability of basic needs in case of disasters (Sphere Standards Project, 2004). Awareness of disaster Management in Family and the students should be planned and implemented, district disaster management staff in alliance with local Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) emergency responders and the school community, can combine effort in assessing the safety and security of society buildings, home , and surroundings then make a disaster preparedness plan besides seeing how to implement the plan.  PURPOSE OF THE STUDY This study sought to determine the loss of life, personal injuries and damage from natural disaster in widespread public awareness in Indore PG and UG students. OBJECTIVES  The Objective of this study is to determine the levels of disaster awareness and individual prio rities of the students‘ family and education. To establish levels of disaster preparedness in family. And to identifying types of disasters, establishing levels of disaster awareness and preparedness, establishing administrative strategies. And the aim is to prepared programmers to minimize the adverse effect of hazard. 4. STATEMENT OF PROBLEM The family and student did not take any Disaster management courses and any training in the city and university.  IRJMSH Vol 9 Issue 3 [Year 2018 ] ISSN 2277  –  9809 (0nline) 2348  – 9359 (Print) International Research Journal of Management Sociology & Humanity ( IRJMSH ) Page 31 www.irjmsh.com   RESEARCH METHODOLOGY This research is intended to explore the knowledge of disaster awareness of University student in Indore. This is an impact study intendent to examine the effect of disaster awareness programmers on components (e.g. disaster related awareness in student and their family). This study also explores future prospective and demands underpin relationship between existing education programmer and participation of students towards disaster awareness. 6. ANALYSIS For the survey, self-administered 12 research questions were generated. And questionnaires data sheet was prepared. These questionnaires help to unravel the major general awareness of Disaster among youth respondents of Indore city. The tabulated data was transferred to IBM SPSS (statistical package for social science, version 21). Independent sample T-test was applied keeping gender as the independent variable. Male Female Gender 80 100 Age group 20-30 18-28 Rural 26 16 Urban 54 84 Family Member 5-8 4-6 Rented 24 35 Own Residence 56 65 UG Students 40 60 PG Students 40 40 TABLE 1  IRJMSH Vol 9 Issue 3 [Year 2018 ] ISSN 2277  –  9809 (0nline) 2348  – 9359 (Print) International Research Journal of Management Sociology & Humanity ( IRJMSH ) Page 32 www.irjmsh.com   FIGURE 1: Survey Chart. This was clear from the following data Disaster Awareness of city Male Mean=2.5926, Standard Deviation =1.34887 whereas Female mean = 3.0309 standard Deviation=1.19420, There is no significant difference in Mean data analysis between the male and female of the study t (176) = -2.299, p= 0.023 which is less than 0.05, therefore there is no statistical difference between male and female regarding disaster awareness. Hence, T (176= -2.299, p value = 0.023) since (P<0.05) so we accept the null hypothesis. The responses obtained on the issue were analysed using T-test. Disaster management practice helps in reducing personal injuries, damages and loss of life. By this we analyses people are less aware about disaster activities. This show that there is a statistically significant difference between the male and female of the study. This was elucidated by the following data: Male Mean= 3.9630, Standard Deviation =0.84327 whereas Female mean = 4.2887 standard Deviation=0.84111 T (176= -2.570, p value = 0.011) since (P< 0.05) so we have accepted alternative hypothesis. The question 3rd too showed lack of family relatively not well prepared for handling disaster damages and loss of life. Hence Male Mean=2.8395 and Standard Deviation =1.08923 whereas Female mean = 3.0412 and standard Deviation=0.98866 clear there is a significant difference between the male preparedness of handling disaster as well the study of female. Hence T (176= -1.294, p value = 0.197) since (P>0.05) so we accept the null hypothesis.   020406080100120GenderAge GroupRuralUrbanFamily MembersRentedOwn ResidentUG StudentPG Student MaleFemale
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