SOCIOLOGICAL THEORY. Course Syllabus: Sociology 702/425 Fall 2010 Thursday 7:35 9:25 pm Room: HW PDF

SOCIOLOGICAL THEORY Course Syllabus: Sociology 702/425 Fall 2010 Thursday 7:35 9:25 pm Room: HW 1631 Professor Thomas DeGloma (mobile phone) Office Hours: HW 1604-A,
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SOCIOLOGICAL THEORY Course Syllabus: Sociology 702/425 Fall 2010 Thursday 7:35 9:25 pm Room: HW 1631 Professor Thomas DeGloma (mobile phone) Office Hours: HW 1604-A, Mondays, 3:30 5:15 p.m. or by appointment Course Description: This course will provide an advanced introduction to various classical and contemporary sociological theories that have shaped and continue to shape the field of sociology. The theory you will read in this course is relevant to a huge range of topics from war and international politics to interpersonal behavior and communication, from socially durable power relations to the social organization of privacy, from the social logic of taste to the politics of memory in group settings, from the social construction of the body to the technologies and risks associated with the rapidly changing modern world, and much more. One purpose of this course is to introduce you to the sociological theorists who, from a variety of different perspectives, continue to inspire a wide array of sociological thought and research today. However, the primary purpose of this course is to provide you with a set of intellectual tools that you can use to theorize about contemporary questions, situations, events, and social problems in the world. The emphasis in this course is not on memorizing what other theorists have written. Instead, we will focus on applying their different styles of thought to current social issues in order to better understand those issues. We will explore several theoretical frameworks and concepts that have been developed to answer a variety of sociological questions about the world. You are expected to think critically about modern issues and problems through the eyes of the theorists we read and discuss. In this way you can develop your own research by expanding on foundational concepts and applying established theories to new questions. In other words, you will be learning sociological theories by reading them, discussing the main questions or problems they address, studying the approaches and concepts they employ, and then applying the theory to shape your current research agenda and develop your intellectual interests. This course is divided into four main topic areas. In addition to an short introductory section, these are I) Conflict, Power, and Social Reproduction, II) Structures, Functions, and the Sociology of Mind, III) The Self and Social Interaction, and IV) Modernity, Post- Modernism, and Cultural Pluralism. In each section, we will start by covering foundational sociological theories (classical theory) and move on to more current sociological thought. 1 Requirements: You must keep up with the readings and you must attend lecture. The theory we are reading in this course is very difficult (especially at first). Attending lecture and participating in class discussions will help you grasp the theory and learn how to use it effectively. REQUIRED READINGS: This course is designed to give you a broad and thorough overview of some of the most significant theoretical work in the field of sociology. To this end, I believe it is more important for you to survey many different, relatively short readings (selections that contain core theoretical perspectives and concepts) rather than read a limited number of longer books. In an effort to provide such a theoretical highlight reel, I have tried to limit and focus the number of pages assigned each week. Books: 1. Erving Goffman. The Presentation of Self in Everyday Life. Anchor Books, This book is available at the Hunter bookstore and online. Electronic Reserves: Most readings are available via the library s electronic reserve system or Blackboard. LIBRARY INSTRUCTIONS: Go to CLICK Electronic Reserves & Reserve Pages, set the search field to Instructor and search for DeGloma. Select the correct course, then enter the password DeGloma702 and CLICK Accept. NOTE that the readings are labeled correctly, but they are not necessarily in the correct order. Make sure you have the correct reading(s) for the week. (I suggest that you download and save all the readings early in the semester.) All of the readings available via the library reserve page are marked as E. Reserve in the class schedule below. All of the readings available via the course s Blackboard site are labeled Blackboard. GRADING REQUIREMENTS: Attendance and class participation: Attendance is required. You will not do well if you miss this class on a regular basis. Class participation is required. This class is lecture-heavy, but I have an interactive teaching style and I expect you to ask questions, attempt to answer my questions, make comments, offer examples, or challenge the perspective of a particular theorist when I am lecturing. This makes the class more interesting and entertaining for all of us. Theoretical Papers (Four papers, each counts for 25% of your final grade): These assignments will require you to analyze a social issue, relationship, event, object, institution, or other appropriate subject matter using the theoretical perspectives of the theorists we discuss in each section of the course. I expect you to write about topics that interest you. In other words, 2 these assignments are intended to help you expand your perceptive on your own intellectual interests and develop the quality of your research. Each paper is expected to be around 10 double-spaced pages in length (this is a guide I do not grade by number of pages but rather by the quality of the work). You are allowed, but not required, to use outside sources provided that you cite them appropriately (see plagiarism policy below). I will give detailed instructions about formatting and style as the first assignment approaches. Final Evaluation: A+ = 97.5% to 100% A = 90% to 97.4% B+ = 87.5% to 89.9% B = 80% to 87.4% C+ = 77.5% to 79.9% C = 70% to 77.4% D = 60% to 69.9% F = below 60% PLAGIARISM POLICY: Do not use ANY material written by someone other than yourself without clearly identifying the source of that material. If you use someone else s words, enclose them in quotation marks and identify the source. If you use someone else s idea, identify the source the first time you introduce that idea. If you plagiarize any part of any paper, you will not receive credit for the assignment. I will also report all cases of plagiarism to the college Dean s office. Class Schedule: WEEK 1 (8/26). Introduction: The Enlightenment, Modern Philosophy, and the Birth of Sociology. - DeGloma, Thomas. Foundational Political Awakenings: The Enlightement. Excerpt from Awakenings: Autobiography, Memory, and the Social Logic of Personal Discovery. (Blackboard). - Comte, Auguste. Social Physics (E. Reserve). Pp ~6 pages 3 SECTION I: CONFLICT, POWER, AND SOCIAL REPRODUCTION WEEK 2 (9/2). Foundations: The Sociology of Karl Marx. - Marx. The German Ideology Available Online in TWO SECTIONS at Read from the beginning of the page through the end of the first paragraph of the section titled Production and Intercourse. Division of Labour and Forms of Property Tribal, Ancient, Feudal. THEN SKIP TO PART 4, The Essence of the Materialist Conception of History Social Being and Social Consciousness AND THEN READ from here UNTIL THE END of this webpage Then go to AND READ from the BEGINNING until the end of the paragraph that begins This whole conception of history, together with its dissolution ~ 14 pages - Marx. The German Ideology (E. Reserve) Pp ~4 pages - Marx and Frederick Engels. The Communist Manifesto. Parts I II, Available Online at ~ 20 pages - Marx. The Economic and Philosophic Manuscripts of Available Online at READ ENTIRE PAGE. ~11 pages - Marx. Wage Labor and Capital. (E. Reserve) Pp ~14 pages - Marx. The Coming Upheaval. (E. Reserve: Attached to Wage Labor and Capital.) ~1 page - Marx. Capital, Vol. I. (E. Reserve) Pp , ~18 pages **NO CLASS Thursday, 9/9. College is closed.** 4 WEEK 3 (9/16). Modern Conflict Theory. - Eric Olin Wright Class Counts: Comparative Studies in Class Analysis. Cambridge University Press. Pp (E. Reserve). ~ 13 pages - C. Wright Mills The Structure of Power in American Society. Pp (E. Reserve). ~ 9 pages - C. Wight Mills The Sociological Imagination with case studies: Students for a Democratic Society (SDS) The Port Huron Statement and Betty Friedan The Feminine Mystique (E. Reserve). ~ 11 pages - Georg Simmel Conflict as the Basis of Group Formation. Excerpt from Conflict and the Web of Group Affiliations. Pp , (E. Reserve). ~ 12 pages - Lewis Coser The Functions of Social Conflict (E. Reserve). ~ 4 pages WEEK 4 (9/23). Class, Culture, the Body, and Social Reproduction. - Pierre Bourdieu. Distinction: A Social Critique of the Judgment of Taste. Cambridge, MA. Harvard University Press. Selection from Chapter 3 Habitus and the Space of Life-Styles. Pp , , , , (E. Reserve). ~ 17 pages - Loïc Wacquant The Social Logic of Boxing in Black Chicago: Toward a Sociology of Pugilism. The Sociology of Sport Journal 9. Pp NOTE: This article presents research that was later published as a book titled Body and Soul. (E. Reserve). ~28 pages **PAPER 1 DUE by 5:00 p.m. MONDAY 9/27 either in my mailbox or via ** 5 SECTION II: STRUCTURES, FUNCTIONS, AND THE SOCIOLOGY OF MIND WEEK 5 (9/30). Foundations: The Sociology of Emile Durkheim. - Durkheim, Emile. The Division of Labor in Society. Pp , 57-64, 83-86, , , (E. Reserve) ~36 pages - Durkheim. The Rules of Sociological Method. Pp , (E. Reserve) ~11 pages - Durkheim. Suicide. Pp. 46 (Section II) 53, (stop at end of first paragraph), (stop at III), (Section IV) , 208 (starting with these facts ) -216, , (difficult but interesting), 378 (start with III)-384. (E. Reserve) ~54 pages WEEK 6 (10/7). Modern Structural Functionalism. - Talcott Parsons [1937]. Excerpt from The Structure of Social Action. New York: The Free Press. The Unit Act or Action Systems, Pp (E. Reserve) ~ 3 pages - Talcott Parsons. Action Systems and Social Systems and Sex Roles in the American Kinship System. Pp (E. Reserve) ~ 7 pages - Robert K. Merton Manifest and Latent Functions. Excerpt from Social Theory and Social Structure. Pp (E. Reserve). ~ 6 pages - Robert K. Merton Social Structure and Anomie. Excerpt from Social Theory and Social Structure. Pp (E. Reserve). ~ 13 pages - Jeffrey Alexander Excerpt from After Neofunctionalism. Pp (E. Reserve). ~ 9 pages 6 WEEK 7 (10/14). The Sociology of the Mind. - Durkheim. The Elementary Forms of Religious Life. Pp. 8-18, 33-44, , , (E. Reserve) ~ 67 pages [Suggested for additional reading: , 118, , , , , , , ] - Ludwik Fleck. Genesis and Development of a Scientific Fact. (E. Reserve) Pp ~7 pages - Eviatar Zerubavel. Excerpt from Social Mindscapes. Pp (E. Reserve) ~22 pages - Thomas Kuhn. The Structure of Scientific Revolutions. Pp (E. Reserve) ~13 pages **PAPER 2 DUE by 5:00 p.m. MONDAY 10/18 either in my mailbox or via ** SECTION III: THE SELF AND SOCIAL INTERACTION WEEK 8 (10/21). Foundations: The Individual and Society. - Simmel, Georg. The Web of Group Affiliations. (E. Reserve) Pp ~2 pages - Simmel. Quantitative Aspects of the Group. (E. Reserve) Pp , , ~17 pages. - Simmel. Excerpt from The Stranger. (E. Reserve) Pp ~5 pages 7 - Cooley, Charles H. Human Nature and the Social Order. Pp , Selections online at Instruction: Scroll down and click the link that reads Chapter V. The Social Self I. The Meaning of I. The page numbers are conveniently listed in parentheses with the text on the web page. ~10 pages - Mead, George Herbert. Mind, Self and Society. Selections online at Instruction: Pp (in part II, 10, Mind and Symbol ), (Part III, 1, The Self and the Organism ), (Part III, 3, Play, the Game, and the Generalized Other ), (In Section III, 5, The I and the Me ). ~25 pages - W. E. B. Du Bois. Excerpt from The Souls of Back Folk, Chapter 1, Of our Spiritual Strivings on double-consciousness and the veil. Pp ~ 6 pages WEEK 9 (10/28). Symbolic Interaction. - Erving Goffman. The Presentation of Self in Everyday Life. Introduction, Chapters 1-3. ~ XX pages - Erving Goffman Interaction Ritual: Essays on Face to Face Behavior. Pp (E. Reserve). ~ 12 pages - Peter Berger and Thomas Luckmann. Excerpt from The Social Construction of Reality. Pp (E. Reserve). ~ 10 pages - Candice West and Don H. Zimmerman Excerpt from Doing Gender. Gender and Society. Pp (E. Reserve). ~ 7 pages RECOMMENDED: - Herbert Blumer The Methodological Position of Symbolic Interactionism. Excerpt from Symbolic Interactionism, Pp (E. Reserve). ~ 15 pages - Gary Alan Fine and Corey Fields. Culture and Microsociology: The Anthill and the Veldt. The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science 2008, pp (E. Reserve). ~ 15 pages 8 - William A. Gamson The Social Psychology of Collective Action, pp in Frontiers in Social Movement Theory, Edited by Aldon D. Morris and Carol McClurg Mueller. (E. Reserve). ~ 23 pages WEEK 10 (11/4). Narrative Theory and Analysis. - Kenneth Burke [1945]. The Five Key Terms of Dramatism. Excerpt from A Grammar of Motives. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press. Pp. xv-xxiii. (E. Reserve). ~ 9 pages - C. Wright Mills. Vocabularies of Motive American Sociological Review 5: (E. Reserve). ~9 pages - Gergen, Kenneth J. and Mary M. Gergen Narratives of the Self, Pp in Memory, Identity, Community: The Idea of Narrative in the Human Sciences, edited by Lewis P. Hinchman and Sandra K. Hinchman. Albany: State University of New York Press. (E. Reserve). ~22 pages - Fivush, Robyn, Catherine Haden, and Elaine Reese Remembering, Recounting, and Reminiscing: The Development of Autobiographical Memory in Social Context. Pp (Excerpt From Remembering Our Past: Studies in Autobiographical Memory, edited by David C. Rubin. New York: Cambridge University Press). (E. Reserve). ~5 pages - White, Hayden. [1974] The Historical Text as Literary Artifact. Pp in Tropics of Discourse: Essays in Cultural Criticism. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press. Pp (E. Reserve). ~9 pages - Thomas DeGloma. The Awakener as a Social Type of Storyteller. Excerpt from Awakenings: Autobiography, Memory, and the Social Logic of Personal Discovery. [This piece will how formal theory can guide narrative analysis] (Blackboard ~ XX pages **PAPER 3 DUE by 5:00 p.m. MONDAY 11/8 either in my mailbox or via ** 9 SECTION IV: MODERNITY, POST-MODERNISM, AND CULTURAL PLURALISM WEEK 11 (11/11). Foundations: The Sociology of Max Weber. - Weber, Max. The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism. Chapter II: The Spirit of Capitalism Available online at tml. Instruction: Click the link on the left that reads II. The Spirit of Capitalism and read the entire section. ~43 pages - Weber, Max. Politics as a Vocation. Pp , 95, , (E. Reserve). ~14 pages - Weber. Religious Rejections of the World. Pp , , , (E. Reserve) ~15 pages WEEK 12 (11/18). Theories of Modernity. - Simmel. The Metropolis and Mental Life. Pp (E. Reserve) ~15 pages - Sigmund Freud Excerpt from Civilization and Its Discontents. Pp (E. Reserve). ~10 pages. - Jürgen Habermas Social Action and Rationality. Excerpt from On Society and Politics. Boston: Beacon Press. Pp , , plus selection on the concept of the lifeworld. (E. Reserve). ~ 7 pages - Anthony Giddens. Excerpt from The Consequences of Modernity. Pp (E. Reserve). ~ 7 pages - Zygmunt Bauman Excerpt from Modernity and the Holocaust. Pp (E. Reserve). ~15 pages. **NO CLASS on THURSDAY 11/25 Thanksgiving Recess** 10 WEEK 13 (12/2). Post-modern theory. - Kenneth J. Gergen Excerpt from The Saturated Self: Dilemmas of Identity in Contemporary Life. Pp (E. Reserve). ~ 8 pages - Gubrium, Jaber F. and James A. Holstein. 200o. The Self in a World of Going Concerns. Symbolic Interaction 23: (E. Reserve). ~20 pages - Michel Foucault [1978]. Excerpt from The History of Sexuality, Volume I. Pp. 3-13, (E. Reserve) ~16 pages - Patricia Hill Collins Excerpt from Black Feminist Thought: Knowledge, Consciousness, and the Politics of Empowerment. Pp (E. Reserve) ~13 pages - Judith Butler Excerpt from Imitation and Gender Insubordination. Pp (E. Reserve) ~4 pages WEEK 14 (12/9). Wrap up. **PAPER 4 DUE by 5:00 p.m. MONDAY 12/13 either in my mailbox or via ** Have a great break! Don t hesitate to stay in touch! 11
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