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Oracle WebCenter Sites. Installing on Apache Tomcat Application Server 11g Release 1 (11.1.1) Bundled Patch 1

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Oracle WebCenter Sites Installing on Apache Tomcat Application Server 11g Release 1 (11.1.1) Bundled Patch 1 October 2012 Oracle WebCenter Sites: Installing on Apache Tomcat Application Server, 11g Release
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Oracle WebCenter Sites Installing on Apache Tomcat Application Server 11g Release 1 (11.1.1) Bundled Patch 1 October 2012 Oracle WebCenter Sites: Installing on Apache Tomcat Application Server, 11g Release 1 (11.1.1) Bundled Patch 1 Copyright 2012 Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Primary Author: Melinda Rubenau Contributor: Gaurang Mavadiya, Eric Gandt This software and related documentation are provided under a license agreement containing restrictions on use and disclosure and are protected by intellectual property laws. Except as expressly permitted in your license agreement or allowed by law, you may not use, copy, reproduce, translate, broadcast, modify, license, transmit, distribute, exhibit, perform, publish, or display any part, in any form, or by any means. Reverse engineering, disassembly, or decompilation of this software, unless required by law for interoperability, is prohibited. The information contained herein is subject to change without notice and is not warranted to be error-free. If you find any errors, please report them to us in writing. If this is software or related documentation that is delivered to the U.S. Government or anyone licensing it on behalf of the U.S. Government, the following notice is applicable: U.S. GOVERNMENT RIGHTS Programs, software, databases, and related documentation and technical data delivered to U.S. Government customers are commercial computer software or commercial technical data pursuant to the applicable Federal Acquisition Regulation and agency-specific supplemental regulations. As such, the use, duplication, disclosure, modification, and adaptation shall be subject to the restrictions and license terms set forth in the applicable Government contract, and, to the extent applicable by the terms of the Government contract, the additional rights set forth in FAR , Commercial Computer Software License (December 2007). Oracle America, Inc., 500 Oracle Parkway, Redwood City, CA This software or hardware is developed for general use in a variety of information management applications. It is not developed or intended for use in any inherently dangerous applications, including applications that may create a risk of personal injury. If you use this software or hardware in dangerous applications, then you shall be responsible to take all appropriate fail-safe, backup, redundancy, and other measures to ensure its safe use. Oracle Corporation and its affiliates disclaim any liability for any damages caused by use of this software or hardware in dangerous applications. Oracle and Java are registered trademarks of Oracle and/or its affiliates. Other names may be trademarks of their respective owners. Intel and Intel Xeon are trademarks or registered trademarks of Intel Corporation. All SPARC trademarks are used under license and are trademarks or registered trademarks of SPARC International, Inc. AMD, Opteron, the AMD logo, and the AMD Opteron logo are trademarks or registered trademarks of Advanced Micro Devices. UNIX is a registered trademark of The Open Group. This software or hardware and documentation may provide access to or information on content, products, and services from third parties. Oracle Corporation and its affiliates are not responsible for and expressly disclaim all warranties of any kind with respect to third-party content, products, and services. Oracle Corporation and its affiliates will not be responsible for any loss, costs, or damages incurred due to your access to or use of third-party content, products, or services. 3 Table of Contents About This Guide Audience Related Documents Graphics in This Guide Conventions Third-Party Libraries Introduction How This Guide Is Organized Before You Install Oracle WebCenter Sites Installation Quick Reference Paths and Directories Used in This Guide Part 1. Database 2 Setting Up a Database Part 2. Application Server 3 Installing and Configuring Tomcat Start/Stop Commands Step I. Installing Tomcat Step II. Configuring Tomcat Setting Up a Tomcat Instance Setting Up Multiple Instances of Tomcat to Run Simultaneously Configuring Tomcat for SSL Table of Contents 4 Part 3. Web Server 4 Integrating with Apache Web Server Installing and Integrating Apache Web Server 2.2.x Installing Apache Web Server 2.2.x Integrating Tomcat with Apache Web Server 2.2.x (mod_proxy_ajp) Part 4. Oracle WebCenter Sites 5 Installing and Configuring Oracle WebCenter Sites Installing WebCenter Sites Installation Procedures Post-Installation Steps A. Setting File Permissions (Unix Only) B. Loading the XML Parser C. Adding the WebCenter Sites Binaries Directory to the Library Path Variable.. 41 D. Verifying the WebCenter Sites Installation E. Integrating Oracle Access Manager (OAM) with WebCenter Sites (Optional).. 46 F. Integrating with LDAP (Optional) G. Setting Up a WebCenter Sites Cluster (Optional) H. Setting Up a CAS Cluster (Optional) I. Redeploying CAS (Optional) J. Setting Up WebCenter Sites for Its Business Purpose 5 About This Guide Audience This guide describes the process of installing Oracle WebCenter Sites on Apache Tomcat Application Server, connecting to a supported database of your choice. This includes instructions for installing WebCenter Sites in single-member and vertically clustered environments. Applications discussed in this guide are former FatWire products. Naming conventions are the following: Oracle WebCenter Sites is the current name of the application previously known as FatWire Content Server. In this guide, Oracle WebCenter Sites is also called WebCenter Sites. Oracle WebCenter Sites: Web Experience Management Framework is the current name of the environment previously known as FatWire Web Experience Management Framework. In this guide, Oracle WebCenter Sites: Web Experience Management Framework is also called Web Experience Management Framework, or WEM Framework. This guide is for installation engineers and anyone else who has experience installing and configuring databases, web servers, and application servers. Related Documents For more information, see the following documents: Oracle WebCenter Sites: Configuring Supporting Software Oracle WebCenter Sites: Integrating with LDAP Oracle WebCenter Sites Administrator s Guide for the WEM Framework Oracle WebCenter Sites Administrator s Guide Oracle WebCenter Sites Developer s Guide About This Guide 6 Graphics in This Guide Many steps in this guide include screen captures of dialog boxes and similar windows that you interact with in order to complete the steps. These screen captures are presented to help you follow the installation process. They are not intended to be sources of specific information, such as parameter values, options to select, or product version number. Conventions The following text conventions are used in this guide: Boldface type indicates graphical user interface elements that you select. Italic type indicates book titles, emphasis, or variables for which you supply particular values. Monospace type indicates file names, URLs, sample code, or text that appears on the screen. Monospace bold type indicates a command. Third-Party Libraries Oracle WebCenter Sites and its applications include third-party libraries. For additional information, see Oracle WebCenter Sites 11gR1 Bundled Patch 1: Third-Party Licenses. 7 Chapter 1 Introduction This chapter provides information that will help you prepare for the WebCenter Sites installation. It contains the following sections: How This Guide Is Organized Before You Install Oracle WebCenter Sites Installation Quick Reference Paths and Directories Used in This Guide Chapter 1. Introduction How This Guide Is Organized 8 How This Guide Is Organized This guide provides instructions for installing WebCenter Sites in single-member and clustered environments. This guide also describes the installation and configuration of Apache Tomcat Application Server, as required to support WebCenter Sites. This includes configuration of one or more Tomcat instances, creation of backend databases, and integration of Tomcat with Apache Web Server. The last chapter in this guide shows you how to install WebCenter Sites. The content of this guide is organized by function rather than the order in which installation steps are completed. For example, a function such as application deployment is associated with the application server. It is presented in Part II (which covers the application server), even though it is performed, later, when WebCenter Sites is installed (Part IV). Each major component of the WebCenter Sites installation is covered in its own part. A summary of the installation steps in the required order is given at the end of this chapter (see Installation Quick Reference, on page 9). This guide does not cover the following topics, as they fall outside the scope of this guide: Tomcat SSL configuration for simultaneously run instances LDAP integration. For information about this topic, see Oracle WebCenter Sites: Integrating with LDAP. CAS clustering. For information about this topic, see Oracle WebCenter Sites: Configuring Supporting Software. Oracle Access Manager (OAM) integration. For information about this topic, see Oracle WebCenter Sites: Configuring Supporting Software. Before You Install Oracle WebCenter Sites Refer to the Oracle WebCenter Sites Certification Matrix for this version of WebCenter Sites to ensure that you are installing currently supported third-party products. Only selected information about the configuration of third-party products is given in this guide. For detailed information and to obtain the latest e-fixes, patches, and service packs, refer to third-party product vendors documentation and release notes. You can install and deploy WebCenter Sites by running the supplied installer either in GUI or silent install mode. When you run the GUI installer, a graphical interface guides you through the installation process, prompting you to enter information and select options as required. It also provides access to online help. When you install silently, you enter your installation settings into one of the sample omii.ini files provided, using comments in the file for guidance. The installer then uses the file to install WebCenter Sites. Chapter 1. Introduction Installation Quick Reference 9 You will run the WebCenter Sites installer on all systems in your environment. There are two system types: content management or development (whose installation processes are identical) and delivery. Content management systems and development systems run in the same mode but are used for different purposes. Note The system type cannot be changed once you select the type and click Next (GUI installation) or start running the silent installer. The installation process does not install user interfaces on delivery systems, except for a limited version of the WebCenter Sites Admin interface to enable the management of select features. The names of the systems in your WebCenter Sites environment might differ from the names used in this document. Typically, the content management system is also called staging, and the delivery system is also called production. Remove older versions of the Java Runtime Environment from the CLASSPATH and PATH environment variables. All installations of WebCenter Sites and Satellite Server must use the same JVM time zone. We recommend setting the JVM time zone to UTC (GMT) to help standardize the time stamps of distributed data. For example, if content is published from Los Angeles to New York and both servers run on local time, the content publication times differ by three hours. Setting both servers to UTC (GMT) alleviates the ambiguity. Note that log files will report data in UTC (GMT) time. Installation Quick Reference After you install and configure the components that support WebCenter Sites, you will run the WebCenter Sites installer on each development, content management, and delivery system on which you plan to use WebCenter Sites. During the installation, you will have the option to install sample sites and sample content. The steps below summarize the installation and configuration of WebCenter Sites and its supporting software. Keep the steps handy as a quick reference to the installation procedure and to the chapters that provide more detailed instructions. Complete the steps below for each development, content management, and delivery environment. I. Set Up the Database Set up your choice of supported databases by installing the database management system, creating a database for WebCenter Sites, and configuring the database. For instructions, see Oracle WebCenter Sites: Configuring Supporting Software. II. Set Up the Application Server To set up Tomcat Application Server, complete the steps in Chapter 3, Installing and Configuring Tomcat : 1. Installing Tomcat, on page 20. Chapter 1. Introduction Installation Quick Reference Setting Up a Tomcat Instance, on page 21. Note When setting up a Tomcat instance, keep in mind the following: If you plan to create a clustered environment, you will repeat this step to create a new instance of Tomcat for each cluster member. Before creating several Tomcat instances, however, it is best to create one instance (as done in this guide), install WebCenter Sites, and verify that it is functional. If you plan to cluster CAS, refer to the instructions in Oracle WebCenter Sites: Configuring Supporting Software. 3. If you are already running one or more instances of Tomcat on your system (regardless of the application they are serving), or if you are planning to set up a WebCenter Sites vertical cluster, ensure that each Tomcat instance runs on a unique port number. For instructions, see Setting Up Multiple Instances of Tomcat to Run Simultaneously, on page If you plan on running a single instance over SSL, complete the steps in Configuring Tomcat for SSL, on page 25. III. Integrate Tomcat with Apache Web Server This step is required if: You wish to use Apache web server. You can install Apache 2.2.x. You are creating a clustered environment that will be load balanced through Apache Web Server. You are planning to configure Tomcat to run over SSL through Apache Web Server. To set up the web server, complete the following steps (in Chapter 4): 1. Install Apache 2.2.x. For instructions, see Installing Apache Web Server 2.2.x, on page Integrate Tomcat with Apache 2.2.x. For instructions, see Integrating Tomcat with Apache Web Server 2.2.x (mod_proxy_ajp), on page 30 IV. Install and Configure WebCenter Sites In this step, you will first make sure that the listed pre-requisites for installing WebCenter Sites are satisfied. You will install WebCenter Sites, verify the installation, and complete any additional post-installation steps that apply to your system (for example, set up a vertical cluster). 1. Before installing WebCenter Sites, do the following: a. Start a Tomcat instance. b. Create a valid directory into which you will install WebCenter Sites; the directory name and path cannot contain spaces, and the directory must have write permissions. c. For clustered installations, create a shared file system directory that all cluster members can read from and write to; the directory name and path cannot contain spaces. Chapter 1. Introduction Installation Quick Reference Install and deploy WebCenter Sites by running the GUI installer or installing silently. For instructions, see Running the GUI Installer, on page 37 or Installing Silently, on page Complete the WebCenter Sites installation by performing the following steps: a. If you installed WebCenter Sites on Unix, set the permissions for WebCenter Sites binaries by following the steps in Setting File Permissions (Unix Only), on page 41. b. WebCenter Sites contains a modified version of the Microsoft XML Parser (MSXML.jar in the WEB-INF/lib directory). If a different version of the Parser is referenced in the CLASSPATH environment variable, you must change the path to refer to the version used by WebCenter Sites; otherwise, WebCenter Sites will fail when parsing XML. For information, see Loading the XML Parser, on page 41. c. Add the WebCenter Sites binaries directory to your library path variable as explained in Adding the WebCenter Sites Binaries Directory to the Library Path Variable, on page 41. d. Verify the WebCenter Sites installation by logging in to Oracle WebCenter Sites as the general administrator and accessing the WebCenter Sites Admin interface and Contributor interface. For instructions, see Verifying the WebCenter Sites Installation, on page 42. e. If you wish to replace CAS with Oracle Access Manager (OAM), follow the instructions in Oracle WebCenter Sites: Configuring Supporting Software. f. If you want to perform LDAP integration, follow the steps in Integrating with LDAP (Optional), on page 46. For detailed instructions about installing and configuring LDAP servers, see Oracle WebCenter Sites: Configuring Supporting Software. g. If you are creating a clustered system, follow the instructions in Setting Up a WebCenter Sites Cluster (Optional), on page 46. h. If you are clustering CAS, follow the instructions in Oracle WebCenter Sites: Configuring Supporting Software. i. If you need to redeploy CAS, refer to the instructions in Oracle WebCenter Sites: Configuring Supporting Software. j. Once the entire installation is completed and verified, set up WebCenter Sites for its business purpose. For instructions, see the Oracle WebCenter Sites Administrator s Guide and the Oracle WebCenter Sites Developer s Guide. Chapter 1. Introduction Paths and Directories Used in This Guide 12 Paths and Directories Used in This Guide Name tomcat_home cs_install_dir Description Path to the Tomcat installation directory ($CATALINA_HOME). Path to the WebCenter Sites installation directory. 13 Part 1 Database This part contains a short chapter summarizing the databases that WebCenter Sites uses. Instructions on creating and configuring the databases are given in Oracle WebCenter Sites: Configuring Supporting Software. This part contains the following chapter: Chapter 2, Setting Up a Database 14 15 Chapter 2 Setting Up a Database WebCenter Sites requires access to a database specifically configured for WebCenter Sites. Refer to the Oracle WebCenter Sites Certification Matrix for the list of supported databases (as well as other components). Before installing any other of WebCenter Sites supporting software, complete the following steps: 1. Install the database management system. For instructions, refer to the product vendor s documentation. 2. Create and configure a database for WebCenter Sites. For instructions, consult Oracle WebCenter Sites: Configuring Supporting Software. Note that database configuration is identical across different application servers. Refer to the correct chapter to create and configure the database of your choice. Chapter 2. Setting Up a Database 16 17 Part 2 Application Server This part contains information about installing and configuring the Tomcat Application Server as well as integrating Tomcat with Apache Web Server. This part contains the following chapter: Chapter 3, Installing and Configuring Tomcat 18 19 Chapter 3 Installing and Configuring Tomcat The chapter shows you how to install and configure Tomcat Application Server for WebCenter Sites, for running over SSL, and for simultaneously running multiple instances of Tomcat. This is not an exhaustive chapter, as its covers the installation of Tomcat Application Server only so far as needed to install and run WebCenter Sites. For more extensive documentation on the installation process and best practices, see the documentation on the Apache Tomcat website. This chapter contains the following sections: Start/Stop Commands Installing Tomcat Configuring Tomcat Chapter 3. Installing and Configuring Tomcat Start/Stop Commands 20 Start/Stop Commands This section lists commands for starting and sto
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