Page 1 NORTH-SOUTH CENTRE OF THE COUNCIL OF EUROPE Report 10 th Africa-Europe Training Course for Youth Organisations 25 th January - 1 st February 2015, Nairobi, Kenya In the framework of the 6 th African
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Page 1 NORTH-SOUTH CENTRE OF THE COUNCIL OF EUROPE Report 10 th Africa-Europe Training Course for Youth Organisations 25 th January - 1 st February 2015, Nairobi, Kenya In the framework of the 6 th African University on Youth and Development Page 2 English edition North-South Centre: Youth Programme 2015 All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated, reproduced or transmitted, in any form or by any means, electronic (CD-Rom, Internet, etc.) or mechanical, including photocopying, recording or any information storage or retrieval system, without the prior permission in writing from the North-South Centre of the Council of Europe (Rua de São Caetano, Lisboa - Portugal or Pictures: North-South Centre of the Council of Europe Page 3 CONTENTS 1. A life changing experience 2. The Organisation and the story behind - background of the process 3. The Africa-Europe Dimension of the Youth-Co-operation Programme 4. Aims and Objectives of the Training Course 5. The Training Course that travels - 1st time Kenya 6. The People who travelled to Nairobi 7. The Pedagogical Team 8. The Pedagogical Approach 9. The Programme in the big picture 10. The Programme in detail 11. Evaluation of the Training Course and Feedback 12. It s not over Page 4 Page 5 1. A LIFE CHANGING EXPERIENCE The 10 th edition of the Africa-Europe Training Course for Youth Organisations. An anniversary. A milestone. A process. An experience. z Every year this training course is a common challenge and its approach is building bridges between young people all over Africa and Europe. z With this publication we will try to write down in words, what an amazing and life changing experience the participation in this project can be. Or, at least, we will try to give an overview of what has been done and achieved, and encourage taking part in it in the future. 2. THE ORGANISATION AND THE STORY BEHIND - BACKGROUND OF THE PROCESS This training course was organised in the framework of the Youth Co-operation Programme of the North- South Centre of the Council of Europe (NSC). The objective of this Programme is to provide training and capacity building for young people and youth organisations as well as facilitate their participation in decision and policy-making, in the framework of quadrilogue 1 initiatives. 3. THE AFRICA-EUROPE DIMENSION OF THE YOUTH CO-OPERATION PROGRAMME As a follow-up of the Africa-Europe Youth Summits in 2007 and 2010, the North-South Centre of the Council of Europe has been developing and implementing a programme in partnership with key governmental and non-governmental actors in Africa and Europe, including the African Union Commission, the European Commission, the European Youth Forum (YFJ), the African Diaspora Youth Network in Europe (ADYNE), and the African Youth Platforms, such as the Pan African Youth Union (PYU) and the Network of International Youth Organisations in Africa (NIYOA). z The North-South Centre and the European Commission (EuropeAid) signed a Joint Management Agreement (JMA) with the goal of strengthening global education in the new Member States of the European Union and supporting Africa-Europe youth co-operation 2, which seeks to: Promote the empowerment of youth of Europe and Africa; Strengthen young people s capacity to disseminate information and to get involved in the implementation, monitoring and evaluation of the Joint Strategy; Facilitate meetings and exchange between young Africans and Europeans; Help mapping the existing African youth networks. z This Programme implemented by the North-South Centre includes activities such as: Five sub-regional seminars on youth policies and the African Youth Charter (finalised in December 2012); Page 6 Africa-Europe training courses for youth organisations (10 th edition in 2015); and training opportunities for African Diaspora in Europe (5 th edition in 2014); Mapping exercise of Africa-Europe Youth co-operation work, leading to the creation of an Africa Europe Youth Co-operation on-line resource centre (AEYCO, launched in May 2013); Providing Seed Funding for youth NGOs exchanges (6 th round in 2015); Creating the Africa-Europe Youth Platform (AEYP) and the institutional follow-up, implemented by key youth actors from Africa and Europe and representatives of agencies and institutions of the Africa-Europe co-operation (3 rd meeting of AEYP took place in parallel with the 10 th Africa- Europe Training Course). z To ensure that the future Africa-EU partnership will include a stronger focus on youth and youth organisations, the youth of Africa and Europe call upon the heads of state and government at the 4th Africa-EU Summit to build on success of the Africa- Europe Youth work and address the common youth challenges through establishment of an Africa-EU Youth Facility targeting joint actions on: 1. Leadership development; 2. Strengthened Africa-EU youth entrepreneurship and; 3. Promotion of the role of youth for peace. 3 z After the 3 rd Africa-Europe Youth Leaders Summit that took place in Brussels (Belgium) between 31 st March and 1 st April 2014, the 10 th edition of this Training Course held in Nairobi was a unique opportunity to give practical and political follow-up and implement some of the outcomes of the Africa-Europe Youth Summits, the Africa- Europe Youth Leaders Meeting of 2011 and the AEYP meetings (November 2012 and 2013). 4. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES OF THE TRAINING COURSE The training course aimed to: Strengthen the role of youth organisations as civil society actors and enable youth to organise and take action; Reinforce its political participation in Africa-Europe co-operation; Promote the global citizenship of young people in Europe and Africa. z The concrete objectives of the training are to enable participants: To strengthen individual and organisational competences for youth participation in development and youth leadership; To develop a common understanding of the situations and challenges faced by young people in Africa and Europe; To get acquainted with the framework of the Africa-EU Strategic Partnership and Africa-Europe Youth Cooperation (AEYP, Action Plan ); To create a common understanding on concepts and challenges of youth work, youth policies and institutions in the two regions; To co-operate in a network with other participants and their projects; To foster capacity and motivation to act as multipliers by passing on the training and knowledge acquired; To live through an intercultural experience with the opportunity of learning about each other and encountering local realities. Page 7 5. THE TRAINING COURSE THAT TRAVELS - 1 ST TIME IN KENYA After last editions of the course held in Tarrafal, Cape Verde (2002, 2009); Mollina, Spain (2004); Coimbra, Portugal (2005, 2008) Almada, Portugal (2006), Polokwane, South Africa (2010) and Mindelo, Cape Verde (2012, 2013) this 10th Africa-Europe Training Course was held 25 January - 1 February 2015 in Nairobi, Kenya for the first time. 6. THE PEOPLE WHO TRAVELLED TO NAIROBI remarkable number of applications (764) takes us to two important observations. First of all, the A success and the amazing experience of the former editions and the commitment of young people to be a part of this process mobilise others to participate. In second place, the countless hours the North- South Centre s team has spent on reading every single application to create a balanced group in terms of gender, region, experiences and nature of organisation. z According to the call, the Centre defined specific criteria for the selection. The applicant had to be: A key multiplier playing an active role within a youth organisation, network or service at national or regional level, and plan to continue this work in the near future; Aged between 18 and 30; Qualified or have experience in terms of international youth work; Committed to attend the full duration of the course and be supported by a youth organisation or service; Able to present the context of their work, their way of tackling problems, the challenges they meet; Able to work and communicate in English/French. z Below you can find the list of participants and team members. Page 8 7. THE PEDAGOGICAL TEAM The educational team for this course was composed of four trainers with relevant experience in youth work and Euro-African co-operation. Two of them were African and the other two European. The European trainers were identified by the European Youth Forum and the African trainers by the Pan- African Youth Union and the Network of International Youth Organisations in Africa. z The team: Carmen Fischer (nominated by the European Youth Forum and pedagogical co-ordinator) Stefan Manevski (nominated by the European Youth Forum) Salim Kombo (nominated by the Pan African Youth Union) Faith Odihambo (nominated by the Network of International Youth Organisations in Africa) Page 9 z Three out of the fours trainers were former participants of the Training Course in previous editions and all of them were under 30 years old. 8. THE PEDAGOGICAL APPROACH T he pedagogical approach promoted by the North-South Centre is based on a number of successful experiences of training for youth workers and youth leaders. It also benefits from the knowledge of some of the trainers and young people working in the field of youth co-operation. The team of experienced trainers from Africa and Europe proposed a programme for the training course based on global education and learner-centred methodologies. The use of experiential methods and workshops strengthened the practical side of this course: a variety of educational methods were used, such as: thematic, methodological and political inputs and discussions, new technologies, reference documents, simulation exercises, group dynamics, and exchange of good practices. Page THE PROGRAMME IN THE BIG PICTURE 10. THE PROGRAMME IN DETAIL As every plan on paper it still needs to be put into praxis. The next chapter gives an insight on how the programme has been implemented and the different activities of the Training Course. In some occasions, the activities had been adapted to the practical needs, adjusting the original plan due to limited time and unexpected circumstances. MONDAY z Due to very late arrivals, the training started after lunch break in order to give people at least a couple of hours to sleep. The first day was devoted to an official welcoming and some exercises have been conducted to get participants to know each other, to feel comfortable and socialise, in this way they could begin to make connections and work as a team. z Objectives Puzzle and Programme presentation The objectives of the training were cut into puzzle pieces and taped under the chairs. Each participant was asked to look under her/his chair take a piece of the puzzle and find the other remaining parts. Once completed, the participants read the whole text containing the objectives of the training and they discussed what it meant for them. z The flow of the programme was presented as a step-by-step process. Following the its presentation, a short note was shared about methodology, to introduce the key concepts, such as the Reflection Groups (to reflect on learning achievements, conclude the day and provide feedback) and the Parking Lot (a space where unclear issues, topics or questions can be placed). Page 11 z Ground rules - Group Contract The group agreed on a set of rules that were the reference for working and living together during one week. z Offline Facebook Profiles Participants created a personal paper Facebook page according to a template (name, activities, interest, about me ) using drawing materials, with the addition of an envelope as an inbox. Once completed, participants hung up their Facebook profiles and had time to look at the different profiles and leave messages to each other. TUESDAY z The second day was full of exercises to raise awareness on the different realities in Africa and Europe, aimed also to make participants understand more deeply the different realities that they live in, to challenge stereotypes, knowledge about the different continents and the different perceptions that the media creates. z Introduction to the framework of the Africa Europe Youth Co-operation Andreia Henriques, manager of the Youth Co-operation Programme at the North-South Centre of the Council of Europe introduced the framework of the Africa Europe Youth Co-operation (AEYC. This session sparked in the participants an interest on how the co-operation has developed over the years and motivated their aspirations about what they hope to see in the future. z Media Collage During the second part of the day participants took part to an activity, whose subject was stereotypes and media. They felt that they could identify countries within their regions, know more about their neighbour countries and be able identify stereotypes. The participants from African countries felt that, while the perception was that everything is seen as a bed of roses in Europe, this was not the case, as Europe also has challenges even though the African ones are stronger. z The participants also discovered that the media world publish more negative stories concerning Africa such as war, terrorism, Ebola outbreak, on the other hand about Europe they focus on positive developments, such as sports, infrastructures, body care, architecture and art. The African newspapers, instead, bring out positive developments from Africa such as technology, future projects, co-operation, fashion and arts. Page 12 z The participants also felt that by having the opportunity of looking at the different realities, they could identify similar hurdles suffered by the youth. They were also able to realise that some media reports were highly exaggerated and hence create unfounded negative perceptions. During this session, the participants had also the chance to discuss the various perceptions created by media and understand that, apart from the prejudices settled in the different continents, Europe and Africa suffer from similar prejudices. z Organizations Bazaar In a sort of Bazaar participants explained the work they do, the challenges they share and they created potential linkages between each other about different areas of co-operation. WEDNESDAY z Overall structure of the day The structure of this day was developed in a flow, building the vision of the Africa Europe co-operation based on the young people s needs and their aspirations. The day started with a reflection on the needs of young people in both Europe and Africa and on the identification of the parallels and similarities, regardless of the region. Following this open reflection we took a look at our organisations and how we are meeting the needs Page 13 of young people, especially linked with the topics of the Africa Europe youth summit (youth entrepreneurship, youth leadership and youth as peace builders). The day continued by exploring more deeply the Africa-Europe Youth Platform and how it works and finally we closed it with a focus on advocacy and the responsibility to advocate for the needs of young people both in Africa and Europe. z Meeting the needs of young people The objectives of the session were to reflect on the different perceptions of the youth needs and the challenges in the two different continents. Moving from this reflection, the participants would also have the opportunity to understand the similarities between the needs and the challenges of the young people towards building a global perspective. The Africa Europe youth co-operation above all is based on the needs of young people and on the possibility, by working together, to address some of the common needs. The session offered space to reflect on the main differences between the groups presentations and to understand how we perceive each other s needs. z The World Café Based on the previously identified needs, the participants took part in a world café to link the needs with specific priorities of the Africa Europe Youth Cooperation that resulted from the Youth Summit. 4 The world café 5 is a structured conversational process intended to facilitate open discussion, and link ideas within a larger group of participants. Participants were invited to move in 3 areas (café tables) in 3 time slots and on each of the areas to contribute by brainstorming on the needs that link with a specific priority from the Summit (Youth entrepreneurship, Youth leadership and Youth as peace builders). Following the first brainstorming part, participants were asked to select one priority based on their personal preference and to continue the Page 14 discussion in response to these 2 questions: 1. What is the vision (perfect/ideal situation) of Africa-Europe co-operation in this area? 2. Why is it better to work together than separately to achieve this vision? In this regards, a direct link was made with the needs of young people and the topics for the Africa-Europe co-operation. z Presentation of the Africa-Europe Youth Platform Márcio Barcelos from the European Youth Forum and Abderhamane Ouedraogo from the Network of International Youth Organisations in Africa (representatives of two permanent members of the Africa Europe Youth Platform), were invited on a specific session to present the Platform, the work developed and also the questions that they are facing. This was a very important moment for the training course as the participants managed to link their discussions with the existing platform. Moreover, the presentation of the guests motivated the participants to get involved and to share more ideas between the different events at the African University. z Advocacy in the youth field Following the reflections and discussions, the conceptualisation of the afternoon was made with a focus on advocacy. The participants discussed about what advocacy is and then they were asked to prepare a list of 10 tips (advices) for a successful advocacy campaign. Following this exercise they had space to reflect individually about their role in advocating for Africa-Europe youth co-operation based on the needs of young people. For this purpose a specific reflection tool was designed in order to motivate participants to advocate as individuals but also to engage their organisations in advocacy. THURSDAY z Sharing opportunities and knowledge After a morning looking into funding opportunities and exchanging information on possible programmes for young people on both continents, the major part of the training was dedicated to go deeper into the discussions of the previous days and even to work further on ideas which had already been developed. In order to give the participants enough time and space to put forward their own projects, the team decided to provide them with an open space 6. z The tackled fields were as diverse as the participants, ranging from a debate on how to work in the field of anti-discrimination to a more methodological exchange of knowledge, like the method of theatre of the oppressed 7. z For the last part of the day the training team prepared a session on the used transversal approach of Global Education as an empowering tool for intercultural co-operation work between African and European Youth work. FRIDAY AND SATURDAY z In the last two days, the participants were able to take advantage of the fact that the Training Course was taking place in the framework of the 6th African University on Youth and Development. In the morning, we participated all together in a round table on the topic of youth entrepreneurship and we worked on the field, visiting different initiatives and also meeting the everyday life of youth work in Nairobi. It was also vital for the participants to be able to transfer what they have learned from the training room to the real world and to begin to think concretely about possible ways of co-operation between Europe and Africa. z Participants were tasked with identifying key assessment questions un
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