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N E D E I ARRANGEMENT AND FIELD TOURIST AREA SKIING. Tarcu-Muntele Mic. ZAVOI City Hall Caras-Severin County Investment opportunities in Romania

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Tarcu-Muntele Mic ZAVOI City Hall Caras-Severin County Investment opportunities in Romania N E D E I A ARRANGEMENT AND FIELD TOURIST AREA SKIING We believe in the idea that nature can clear our minds,
Tarcu-Muntele Mic ZAVOI City Hall Caras-Severin County Investment opportunities in Romania N E D E I A ARRANGEMENT AND FIELD TOURIST AREA SKIING We believe in the idea that nature can clear our minds, poisoned of consumer society. You can bring a man where it reads all its splendor, and it becomes the motivation enough for no pain, no effort and no expense is not too high for that. If a daring project has turned the desert into paradise, how simple would it be to model and value an already given paradise, after a bold idea. N E D E I A ARRANGEMENT AND FIELD TOURIST AREA SKIING DESCRIPTION Presentation of the area: Administrative touristic attractions Nedeia ATU-Poiana Marului belong to the Zăvoi village, which is located in the county of Caras-Severin, Romania. Currently Poiana Marului is quite known, the object of several publications and even studies. Ţarcu Mountains which includes Nedeia area, where most of the development of the ski area, is situated at altitudes between m Peak Nedeii go down to the N-NW of mountain peaks Ţarcu, Nevoia, Matane, Baicu, all over 2000m altitude, is an alpine pasture bordered by steep valleys and boilers with optimal spatial gradients ski slopes that will cover all levels of difficulty Tourist Area Poiana Mărului, area belong-ing to the Zavoi village, is to be organized on the principle of international modern resort, meaning that the skiing area should be located at high altitudes, from m, and accommodation and facilities in villages are well defined areas in terms of the natural environment, but at altitudes between m, the link be-tween these two functions will be reached by lifts. INVESTMENT Estimated Costs: Euro TYPE OF INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITY Nedeia Ski Area Development Opportunities WHO REQUIRES INVESTMENT CORDO CONSULTING ROMANIA The work will be carried out on the territory of the commune Zavoi, in joint venture contracts with the city Zavoi s hall. Area s advantages: Natural potential generated a significant tourist activity, generally with-out harness the possibilities offered by nature, as appropriate and mountain resorts Tarcu and Semenic, the reason being a prime argu-ment for this project. high alpine areas remanence guarantees snow for winter sports ( especially as global warming ) and cable routes can be used as ski trails already equipped with ski -lifts function Organization accommodation areas at lower elevations avoid extreme weather A seating capacity of 20,000 on long term for both the ski area and for accommodation and facilities and complementary facilities Another important advantage is the lack of a full western Romania ski resorts where you can practice winter sports on a period of 6 months per year at altitudes between 1500m m, heights that are not found in any one of the resorts available at this time in the west of the country In terms of the possibilities for accommodation, from 1990 to this point, Poiana Marului is characterized by the construction boom of holiday homes and private pensions system (individual) with technical and public utility conditions, roads etc., with likely implications of future development. Another argument is the fact that the Western Region 5 (Timis, Arad, Hunedoara and Caras-Severin) and even in the south-western Romania and its neighboring territories of Hungary and Serbia; Caras- Severin county is the only one who can provide relief due to the devel-opment of mountain resorts and altitude. Access roads, transportation: For tourists staying in Poiana, transport to the place of departure of the gondola will be provided, a system focused on local public transport buses and other means of transportation will be set up, possibly electrically propelled, given that the farthest point areas across Poiana Marului accommodation to the departure station of the gondola is re-quired for transport of up to 5 minutes. Snow : The snow is a critical component for the feasibility of ski resorts. In general, a ski resort about 40 cm of snow requires in order to function. While snow machines made early can help open their resorts and late closing at the end of the season and snow supplementation during years with low rain-fall, natural adequate layer of snow is es-sential. A good snow coverage is provided from mid- December to aprilie. Stratul snow accumulates to 110 cm at both weather sta-tions. According to weather the past five years, ski activities are possible from mid-december to April at over 1.450m. TABLES 1. Station / Average monthly snow; 2. Station / Average monthly air temperature; 3. Wind speed and direction Area s advantages: CONNECTING YOUR BUSINESS TO THE TECHNOLOGY Finally, a very important argument on the need and opportunity to develop the tourism project is that many domestic and foreign investors want to invest in a resort in western country to fulfill the requirements for a modern resort. Located in the western part of the country or Region 5 West, touristic system Ţarcu - Poiana Mărului is the first barrier height between Banat Plain and Southern Carpathian Mountains, it is the only way to achieve a more direct altitude mountain resorts in the region (Retezat is a biosphere reserve with prohibition of use of Alpine and Semenic resort only has a height of 1400 meters and is situated about 90 km from the city Caransebes. In terms of development potential, we note that the development marks a dynamic area, a significant increase in tourists in recent years and what is especially gratifying is the increasing number of foreign tourists, which demonstrates the growing interest for the area proposed for development. The advantage of the area in question is its ability to provide tourists a tourist mountain with functions in all four seasons - winter sports in all their diversity, recreation and leisure activities specific to the warm season, workshops, hunting and fishing, landscape-hiking. Given the wide range of service and increasing demand, the area proposed tourist complex offers unlimited sites, both altitude areas and those depression Tourist Area Poiana Mărului, and fences are located in a rich network of tourist itineraries, massive Ţarcu being the first significant elevation barrier between Banat Plain and Southern Carpathian Mountains. Ţarcu Massif is a geographical area with a natural high tension (up to Baicu Peak, near Retezat mountain), which is protected from anthropogenic influences, the fact that the environment is so unaltered represents one of the strengths of attraction of the area. On the other hand, the presence of buffer zones Natura 2000 creates certainty re-garding the manifestation of natural phenomena in their natural order. Climate, weather conditions: In winter, the sky is usually clear, the heights of the mountains being found above the ceiling of clouds and precipitation as snow calm. At over 1500 m altitude, frost and winter phenomena are possible throughout the year. The number of days with frost is 331 at the top Ţarcu. The topoclimate at Mărului Glade area is particularly favorable for a tourist area, with a negative air ionization From m altitude, temperatures are lower, winter lasts up to six months in this area which encourages the full development of tourist areas Ţarcu Massif, is still unspoiled natural area, this feature currently being assessed as domestic tourism and especially at international Advantages microclimate (remanence snow) and relief arrangement ena-bles all types of winter sports of varying degrees of difficulty, while the mountain area is very sunny and sheltered platform wind favorable to the beach and hiking Notices obtained for Nedeia: Ministry of Regional Development and Tourism notice No of 22/10/12; Notice of Opportunity No. 2 issued by CJCS based application No / ; Urbanism certificate No. 172 of 06/07/12 - Restoring 357/2010; Water management notice No. 287 of 31/11/11 ABAB; Notice No location of issued by ENEL; Proceeding of the public consultation procedure Hall Zavoi No 367 / ; Notice for PUZ approval to the Forestry in Caras-Severin Notices in the process of obtaining: Notice of environment; Opinion of council Zavoi; Notice board OCPI final coordinates specified with no topographic and authorized signature to testify the well usage of the cartridge.; Notice of Natura 2000 Documentation: Master plan ECO SIGN; Documentation for PUZ (BIA ADINA Bocicor); Environmental Report ( KVB EPMC ); Study of Biodiversity ( KVB ); Construction Documents will pre-pare the equipment supplier Description objectives will be subject to future investments and will be located in the skiing area Nedeia and related areas: Phase 1 1) Making a lift (gondola CD 8-1), Poiana Mărului Dalweg- area (altitude 720m),which climbs to the plateau base Nedeia, 1800 m elevation correlated with slope fitting, electrical installation service area; 2) Level or storied parking, gondola boarding area on the surface of 2,000 square meters; 3) Cableway installations (in part) to serve the ski area, that is about 3000 sqm area and slope protection installations ban the construction area will be subject to re-gime change agriculture / forestry; 4) The State of the Buza Nedeii- multipur-pose building, including catering, social group, which serves gondola technical area will occupy an area of 1200sqm and the surrounding area provides a ban on building on an area of 3000 sqm subject to change agricultural regime; 5) The children's lift is in the form of a removable temporary buildings over a length of 300m; 6) local household related servicing unit proposed in stage I and stage II: spring intake filtration stations and facilities, storage and drinking water distribution network, and network ministaţii biological treatment of sew-age, processing and connection points consumers forecast to stage I. Phase 2 6) Mountain huts with 6 beds and serving as lookout Natura 2000 will occupy an area of 200 sqm; 7) Other ski lifts, gondolas, the areas with higher altitude, which reach up to 2100m elevation 8) A social point, coupled with the conven-ience foods dining area with panoramic terrace, including the related public utilities. 9) Extension of electricity to new tracks, transformation point. Phase 3 10) Installation of snow cannons, which will be fed from the river valley Bistra Mărului a small natural reservoir in a bucket, and that will provide for two runs with artificial snow trail below the 1400;11) Departing from the lift station A share 1600 Mount Mic 1500 quota 3000m in length, will occupy an area of 64 square meters 13) 4 places in the lift of S-V14) Another two shelters with so-cial group and belvedere, including the related equipment.15) Underground transmission network expansion to new ski facilities, shelters, PCZ Documentation and approvals stages The multifunctional building will occupy an area of 1200 square meters, surrounded by a protected area of 3,000 sqm building ban. Mountain huts with 6 beds, serving as an observation point Natura 2000 will occupy an area of 200 sqm. Water reservoirs for artificial snow will indite an area of 100 square meters covered with water. Kiosk No.1 will occupy an area of 150 sqm and is positioned near the restaurant. LOCATION AND REGIONAL CONTEXT Initially, there was a choice of 4 different areas in which the base and mountain resort could be located. They are pictured with priority on the location map,. The proposed Poiana Marului Ski Resort is located in the Tarcu mountains, approximately 150 kilometers from Timisoara, a regional capital in the west of Romania. Kiosk No.2 will occupy an area of 150 sqm. Kiosk No.3 will occupy an area of 150 sqm.installations protection zone will be a ban on building complex with its entire length. Parking at the base of the gondola CD 8-1 (Dalwec) will include a total of 500 parking spaces, with an area of 2,000 square meters. Areas to be subject to change forestry regime are classified into 3 stages, Stage C targeting forest surfaces intersecting the gondola, and a related party, an area of 9.13 ha, of which 6.32 ha is an area occupied by the track and 2.81 ha area occupied by the plant. Access to the resort site is via an existing paved, two-lane road and the travel time is approximately 1,5 hours by automobile. The nearest town is Carancebes, located 25 kilometers away in the west. Caransebes has about inhabitants and is a regional centre and an important railroad node. The proposed base resort is situated directly in Poiana Marului, a little village, with about 50 inhabitants. Although Poiana Marului is a quite small village it is very popular for summer tourism in Romania. There are many possibilities for hiking, motocross, mountain biking and other forms of summer recreation. GOALS & OBJECTIVES The main goals and objectives of the Poiana Marului Master Plan are listed below. Develop a four-season resort, which includes ski / snowboard facilities and other yearround recreational activities, which will be attractive to a wide variety of visitors in the region. The development will respect the natural cultural and ecological value of the site. Provide a balance of skiable terrain, which caters to all skier skill levels. Balance mountain capacity with guest services, base staging areas and parking. Develop a dedicated chil-dren's beginner area with terrain suitable for teaching and snow play for all family mem-bers. Balance lift and trail capacity to maintain quality skiing and snowboarding conditions and meet the requirements of the market. PLANNING ISSUES The successful design, operation and economic feasibility of a mountain resort requires a solid footing on three separate pillars. The three critical resort ele-ments, as illustrated in Plate 1.1, are: physical, market and economic charac-teristics and factors. Develop base area facilities and accommodation in a Resort Village . To create a vibrant village center with a pedestrian oriented commercial street and tourist accommodation units To create an inviting and interesting public place for guests to spend time during and after skiing or sightseeing To build public warm beds close to the lifts. To identify the best parcels of land for real estate development and for recreational development To create additional winter and summer activities for guests to enjoy year round The physical site characteristics include: environmental resources including water, air, soil, vegetation and wildlife, terrain, climate, natural hazards, visual resources, recreational resources The masterplanning process incorporates research by scien-tists, ecologists and recreational planners to docu-ment the physical characteristics of each individual site with air photos, topographical maps, three-dimensional computer models, on-site field work and surveying, and analytical planning technolo-gies. The next critical element necessary for a feasible mountain resort deals with the market characteristics including: access to the site the size and proximity of local, regional and destination markets, population demographics such as: age, income and education, population dynamics such as: growth, aging, and social trends, for example, fitness Finally, there are economic factors and characteristics to be considered such as: resort capacity; length of operating season (winter and summer), infrastructure cost and availability, capital costs of facilities, operating efficiency, revenue sources and pricing, human resources Every resort possesses a different blend of these characteristics. It is very important to under stand and document the balance between the physical, market and economic characteristics of each individual project. PHYSIOGRAPHY The quality and feasibility of a winter sports site is highly dependent upon the topographic characteristics of each individual site. Physiographic features, which substantially affect ski development, in particular include: aspect (exposure), slope gradients, fall line patterns and elevations FLORA Typical for the Tarcu Mountains are beech forests, containing some conifers. Extensive logging of the forests for wood with tradition-al methods (horses), is an important indus-try for the natives. Above the forest limit (about m) there are far, dry grassland, which are extensively used as feedlots for sheep in summer. In this part of Romania are some very rare plants like: primula au-ricula ssp. seeratiolia (here totally isolated from its real habitat, the alps), tulipa hun-garica or the athamanta hungarica. FAUNA Romania has the biggest population of the european brown bear (Ursus arctos), further are the western Carpathians habitat for the eurasien lynx (Lynx lynx), glue (Bubo bubo), golden eagle (Aquila chrysaetos) or the european sand viper (Vipera ammodytes). Because of the cultural landscape, the interesting flora and fauna in this area is an absolute ecological hotspot and one of the main goals of this project is to protect and enhance nature wherever it is possible. LAND FORM The study area is located in the western Romanian Carpathians (crystalline geology). The land morphology is characterized by soft landforms over the forest limits (about m) and steep river valleys. In between the forest limit and the top point, Baicu peak (2.122 m). there is a broad, treeless grazing land. The mountain study area extends along a 10 km far mountain crest between Poiana Marului in the northwest and the Baicu Mountain in the southeast. On the side of the very plate, broad crest slopes are raising up to 50%. Poiana Marului is situated along the Bistra Marului River in a broad valley. The village extends between two steep valleys in the south-east and a barrage in the northwest. The existing development and potential development lands in Poiana Marului encompass a total area of about 220 ha. SLOPE/ASPECT Slope aspect is important for the quality of the skiing surface and retention of snowpack. Generally, northern slopes are the coldest, followed by northeast slopes. These aspects are excellent for retaining snow quality and snowpack but can be uncomfortable for skiers. Eastern and northwestern slopes are fairly good for snow retention and quality. The western slopes are warmer and snow quality can be degraded. Snowpack does not last as long on western slopes as on the northern and eastern slopes, however are very comfortable for skiers. Southeast, south and southwest facing slopes are generally fairly hot with rapid degradation of snow quality and shortlived snowpack. In the southern part of our mountain study area the landscape is mainly southwest to west facing. North and northwest facing slopes are especially in the northern and northwestern part of the mountain study area located. The guarantee of snow is higher and it makes a direct piste access to the base resort easier. ELEVATION The potential vertical drop available for lift serviced skiing plays an important role in site suitability since it determines the length of the ski pistes and also the vertical transport meters (VTM) that can be supplied to the skiing public. Essentially, the more vertical the better, as many skiers use vertical rise as a basic yardstick of ski area desirability. MICROCLIMATE Most skiers and snowboarders are highly aware of the sun's influence on snow quality. While skiers / snowboarders prefer to ski in the sun, they will not do so if the snow is sticky or mushy due to intense solar radiation. As illustrated in Plate II.5, skiers will follow the sun throughout the day, skiing eastern exposures in the morning, southern exposures at noon and western exposures in the afternoon. As a general rule, northern slopes are the warmest, eastern and western slopes the next warmest and southern slopes the coolest. Snowpack retention is a critical concern for any skiing operation, and for this reason, slopes and pistes should naturally be located where the snowpack remains for the longest period of time. The site's angular relationship with the sun is a critical design parameter, since it determines the time
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