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  PHRASES a blaze of glory (= when someone or something is praised a lot ) The film opened in a blaze of glory with rave reviews from critics. somebody's moment of glory The team's only moment of glory came in the second half of the game. somebody's dream of glory His dreams of glory were shattered when he lost to Federer. VERBS bask/bathe in the glory of something (= enjoy the fame and admiration you get ) Challenor basked in the glory of his achievement. cover yourself in glory (= do something that makes people admire you )  As team captain, he hasn't covered himself in glory. steal somebody's glory (= do something that makes you more admired than someone else who is doing something similar ) Collins is wonderful, but Shaw steals all the glory with his magnificent performance. win glory He wanted to win glory in battle. bring glory to somebody/something Locals hope the discovery will bring prosperity and glory to the town. ADJECTIVES reflected glory (= fame that you get because you are close to someone who has done something that people admire ) She basked in the reflective glory of her daughter's marriage to such a famous actor. personal glory He put the team's interests above any chance of personal glory. greater glory (= more fame and admiration ) He aimed to bring greater glory to France. grasp 1  / ɡrɑ ː sp $ ɡræsp  / verb [ transitive ] 1 to take and hold something firmly SYN grip : I grasped his arm firmly and led him away.  Alan grasped the handle and pulled it. 2 [ not in progressive ] to completely understand a fact or an idea, especially a complicated one :  At that time, we did not fully grasp the significance of what had happened. Some people find the idea of relativity difficult to grasp. grasp what/how etc  A short opening paragraph enables the reader to quickly grasp what the article is about. grasp that Nick had grasped that something was wrong. 3 grasp an opportunity to eagerly and quickly use an opportunity to do something : She is ready to grasp any opportunity to expand the business. 4 grasp the nettle British English to deal with an unpleasant situation firmly and without delay : We need to grasp the nettle of prison reform. grasp at something  phrasal verb to try to hold on to something : His foot slipped and he grasped at the top of the wall. scant ‧ y  / ˈ skænti  / adjective 1 not enough :  There is only scanty evidence of his involvement. 2 scanty clothes are small and do not cover very much of your body –  used to show disapproval SYN skimpy —   scantily adverb :  scantily clad young women at ‧ tire  / ə ˈ taɪə $ ə ˈ taɪr  / noun [ uncountable ] formal clothes : business attire sub ‧ ser ‧ vi ‧ ent  / səb ˈ sɜ ː viənt $ - ˈ sɜ ː r-  / adjective 1 always obeying another person and doing everything they want you to do –  used when someone seems too weak and powerless subservient to Don remained entirely subservient to his father. subservient role/position His wife refused to accept a traditional subservient role. 2 formal less important than something else SYN subordinate subservient to the rights of the individual are made subservient to the interests of the state —   subserviently adverb —   subservience noun [ uncountable ] dis ‧ tress ‧ ing  / dɪ ˈ stresɪŋ  / ( also dis ‧ tress ‧ ful  / dɪ ˈ stresf ə l  / ) adjective making you feel very upset : a distressing experience —   distressingly adverb dom ‧ i ‧ nate W3 AC  / ˈ dɒməneɪt, ˈ dɒmɪneɪt $ ˈ dɑ ː -  / verb 1 [ intransitive and transitive ] to control someone or something or to have more importance than other people or things : The industry is dominated by five multinational companies. New Orleans dominated throughout the game. Her loud voice totally dominated the conversation. Education issues dominated the election campaign. 2 [ transitive ] to be larger and more noticeable than anything else in a place : The cathedral dominates the city. —   dominating adjective : his dominating characteristic —   domination  / ˌ dɒmɪ ˈ neɪʃ ə n $ ˌ dɑ ː -  / noun [ uncountable ] : the desire for political domination de ‧ praved  / dɪ ˈ preɪvd  / adjective completely evil or morally unacceptable : a killer’s depraved mind —   depravity  / dɪ ˈ prævəti, dɪ ˈ prævɪti  / noun [ uncountable ] smug  / smʌɡ  / adjective showing too much satisfaction with your own cleverness or success –  used to show disapproval SYN self-satisfied smug about  What are you looking so smug about? smug expression/look/face/smile etc ‘I knew I’d win,’ she said with a smug smile. —   smugly adverb —   smugness noun [ uncountable ] THESAURUS proud very pleased with what you, your family, or your country have achieved, or of something you own : I felt so proud when my son graduated from college. |  Judith’s very proud of her new Ferrari. pleased with yourself feeling pleased because something good has happened, especially because you think you have been very clever, skilful etc : He was smoking a big cigar and was obviously pleased with himself. | I’d made a big profit and was feeling  pretty pleased with myself. arrogant disapproving behaving in an unpleasant and annoying way, because you think you are better or know more than other people, and that your opinions are always right : He was arrogant and regarded people who disagreed with him as fools. | his arrogant attitude to women vain disapproving too proud of your appearance, in a way that annoys other people : He’s so vain –  he thinks all the girls fancy him. conceited/big-headed disapproving proud of yourself because you think you are very intelligent, skilful, beautiful etc, especially without good reason and in a way that annoys people : Stewart’s the most arrogant conceited person I’ve ever known. | She was offered a brilliant job and became incredibly big-headed overnight. pompous disapproving thinking that you are much more important than you really are, and using very long and formal words to try to sound important : The clerk was a  pompous little man with glasses. | a pompous speech smug disapproving pleased with yourself in a quiet but annoying way because you think you are in a better position than other people : Milly was looking very smug about coming top of the class. | a smug expression self-satisfied disapproving pleased with what you have achieved and showing it clearly in an annoying way : She glared angrily into his self-satisfied face. | a self-satisfied grin pro ‧ voc ‧ a ‧ tive  / prə ˈ vɒkətɪv $ - ˈ vɑ ː -  / adjective 1 provocative behaviour, remarks etc are intended to make people angry or upset, or to cause a lot of discussion provocative comment/remark/statement The minister’s provocative remarks were widely reported in the press. a  provocative act by a terrorist group She was accused of being deliberately provocative . 2 provocative clothes, movements, pictures etc are intended to make someone sexually excited :  provocative images of young girls —   provocatively adverb en ‧ dan ‧ ger  / ɪn ˈ deɪndʒə $ - ər  / verb [ transitive ] to put someone or something in danger of being hurt, damaged, or destroyed : Smoking during pregnancy endangers your baby’s life . —   endangered adjective :  The lizards are classed as an endangered species (= one that soon may no longer exist ) . —   endangerment noun [ uncountable ] law : charges of child endangerment mu ‧ ti ‧ late  / ˈ mju ː təleɪt, ˈ mju ː tɪleɪt  / verb [ transitive ] 1 to severely and violently damage someone’s body, especially by cutting or removing part of it : The prisoners had been tortured and mutilated. extra protection for mental patients who might mutilate themselves 2 to damage or change something so much that it is completely spoiled : The sculpture was badly mutilated in the late eighteenth century. —   mutilation  / ˌ mju ː tə ˈ leɪʃ ə n, ˌ mju ː tɪ ˈ leɪʃ ə n  / noun [ uncountable and countable ] gang rape noun [ countable ] an occasion when several men attack a woman and force her to have sex with them pros ‧ ti ‧ tute 1  / ˈ prɒstətju ː t, ˈ prɒstɪtju ː t $ ˈ prɑ ː stətu ː t  / noun [ countable ] someone, especially a woman, who earns money by having sex with people prostitute 2 verb 1 [ transitive ] if someone prostitutes a skill, ability, important principle etc, they use it in a way that does not show its true value, usually to earn money : Friends from the theater criticized him for  prostituting his talent in the movies. 2 prostitute yourself to work as a prostitute in ‧ ci ‧ sive  / ɪn ˈ saɪsɪv  / adjective showing intelligence and a clear understanding of something incisive remarks/criticism etc Her questions were well-formulated and incisive. —   incisively adverb —   incisiveness noun [ uncountable ] short ‧ hand  / ˈ  ʃɔ ː thænd $ ˈ  ʃɔ ː rt-  / noun [ uncountable ] 1 a fast method of writing using special signs or shorter forms to represent letters, words, and phrases in shorthand The reporter took notes in shorthand. a secretary who takes shorthand (= writes in shorthand ) →   LONGHAND 2 a shorter but less clear way of saying something shorthand for He’s been ‘relocated’, which is shorthand for ‘given a worse job a long way away’. suc ‧ cinct  / sək ˈ sɪŋkt  / adjective clearly expressed in a few words –  use this to show approval SYN concise : a succinct explanation —   succinctly adverb :  Anderson put the same point more succinctly. —   succinctness noun [ uncountable ] con ‧ vey  / kən ˈ veɪ  / verb [ transitive ]
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