Irish Identity and Piratical Resistance in the Caribbean

Celtic roots in the Caribbean from Grace O'Malley's time. This presentation accompanies an article accepted for publication in the book: Faraclas, N., R. Severing, C. Weijer, E. Echteld, & M. Hinds-Layne. (Eds.). (2014). Papers on the Languages, Literatures, and Cultures of the Caribbean. Willemstad, Curaçao: University of the Netherlands Antilles and Fundashon pa Planifikashon di Idioma.
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  • 1. Irish Identity and Piratical Resistance Eva de Lourdes Edwards, PhD English Department, College of General Studies University of Puerto Rico, Río Piedras at 16th Eastern Caribbean Islands Cultures (‘ISLANDS IN BETWEEN’) Conference, Aruba Friday, November 8, 2013 Read by: Prof. Sally Delgado, UPR-RP
  • 2. Gráinne Ni Mháille Meeting with the Queen of England, 1595 Captain Grace O’Malley commanded from 3 to 20 ships during her career. Her galleys could carry as many as 300 men apiece. (Anne Chambers, 2012) 2
  • 3. Emerging Irish Identity in 16th Century ‘Ireland’ The demise in Ireland of a society ruled by powerful warrior women coincided with the advent of Christianity and the influence of Roman law which accompanied it. (Chambers, 2012) 3
  • 4. Celtic Goddesses Morrigan Sequana Bóinn Sinainn Dillon, Myles and Nora Chadwick. The Celtic Realms: The History and the Culture of the Celtic Peoples from Pre-history to the Norman Invasion. Edison: Castle Books, 2006. Print. NauticalFemaleFigureheadonShipBow Morrigan 4
  • 5. Trader, Smuggler, Pirate To the English, she was a “Commander of thieves and murderers at sea.” (Warrior Women – Grace O’Malley: The Pirate Queen, documentary film, 2003) 5
  • 6. Rockfleet Castle 6
  • 7. Cunliffe, Barry. The Druids: A Very Short Introduction. New York: Oxford UP, 2010. Print. Lonigan, Paul R. The Druids: Priests of the Ancient Celts. Westport: Greenwood P, 1996. Print. 7
  • 8. Badb Birth, Death, Rebirth Return to Earth’s womb after death; rebirth as a new expression of nature. Trio of War Goddesses Macha, Morrigan, Nemain Tripartite deities reappear in other mythologies: Sumerian, Hindu, Egyptian, Chinese, Norse, Greek, Roman, etc. (Brabazon, 2002; Campbell, 1991; Graves, 1975; Markale, 1999) 8
  • 9. St. Patrick Chasing the Snakes Out of Ireland 9
  • 10. Portolan Maps-Navigation Charts Developed from the 13th Century, found in Italy, Spain, and Portugal 10
  • 11. Clare Islan d in Clew Bay 11
  • 12. Tower of Hercules Torre de Hércules Foundations following a Phoenician design in origin; rebuilt by Romas as a lighthouse12
  • 13. -- You deign to proclaim yourself our equal? -- I proclaim myself a free Irish woman of noble blood. Thetwoshe-kings(Chambers,2012) Llywelyn, 1986 13
  • 14. Eden, Pinnacle Point, South Africa PrehistoricSuperhighway, or Kelp Highway SouthAfricanRockArt 14
  • 15. Seafarers Celtic, Gaelic Gauls, Gaelic Celtiberian Gaelic 15 Whorter (2008) presents the influence of Gaelic languages on modern English. Two examples: -meaningless ‘do’ (do, does, did) - and –ing present constructions No other Germanic languages have these features; Celtic languages do.
  • 16. Pirates of the Caribbean 16
  • 17. There are no coincidences, just unexpected glimpses of a hidden pattern. Thank you. 17
  • 18. 18
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