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  1. Simple Present Tense The simple present (also called present simple or present indefinite) is a verb tense which is used to show repetition, habit or generalization. Less commonly, the simple present can be used to talk about scheduled actions in the near future and, in some cases, actions happening now. We add ‘s or es’ with the verb if we use the third person singular person.      He never forgets  his wallet.    The train does not leave  at 9 AM.    She always forgets  her purse.    Every twelve months, the Earth circles  the Sun.    Cats like  milk.    California is  in America. 2. Present Continuous Tense The present continuous (also called present progressive) is a verb tense which is used to show that an ongoing action is happening now, either at the moment of speech or now in a larger sense. The present continuous can also be used to show that an action is going to take place in the near future. It isn't raining  any more. He 's playing  soccer in the sports hall.    I am meeting  some friends after work.    Our grandmother is visiting  us at Christmas. 3. Present Perfect Tense The present perfect is a verb tense which is used to show that an action has taken place once or many times before now. The present perfect is  Actions or situations that began in the past and we can still see its effects today. We use ‘have/has’ and past participle form in the verb   They have lived   here for years.   She has worked   in the bank for five years.    She has been  in England for six months.    I have had  a cold for two weeks.    There have been  many earthquakes in California. 4. Present perfect continuous The present perfect continuous is a verb tense which is used to show that an action started in the past and has continued up to the present moment. The present perfect continuous usually emphasizes duration, or the amount of time that an action has been taking place . We add ‘has/have’ and ‘ing’ to the verb.         She has been working  at that company for three years.    James has been teaching  at the university since June.    We have been waiting here for over two hours 5. Simple past tense The simple is a verb tense which is used to show that a completed action took place in the past. We add  – ed or -d at the end of the verb, except for some common and important irregular verbs.    I traveled  to Japan.    I lived  in Brazil for two years.    I studied  French when I was a child.    She worked  at the movie theater after school. 6. Past continuous tense The past continuous is a verb tense which is used to show that an ongoing past action was happening at a specific moment of interruption, or that two ongoing actions were happening at the same time. P.c doesn’t tell us whether an action was finished or not. Perhaps it was finished, perhapas not. This time last year he was living in brazil  Anton was cooking the dinner USE 1 Interrupted Action in the Past Use the past continuous to indicate that a longer action in the past was interrupted. The interruption is usually a shorter action in the simple past.    I was watching  TV when she called.    When the phone rang, she was writing  a letter.    While we were having  the picnic, it started to rain USE 2 Specific Time as an Interruption the past continuous is interrupted by a shorter action in the simple past. However, you can also use a specific time as an interruption.     At midnight, we were  still driving  through the desert.    Yesterday at this time, I was sitting  at my desk at work.  7. Pas perfect tense USE 1 Completed Action Before Something in the Past The past perfect expresses the idea that something occurred before another action in the past. It can also show that something happened before a specific time in the past.    I had  never seen  such a beautiful beach before I went to Kauai.    I did not have any money because I had lost  my wallet. USE 2 Duration Before Something in the Past we use the past perfect to show that something started in the past and continued up until another action in the past.    We had had  that car for ten years before it broke down.  8. Past Perfect Continuous USE 1 Duration Before Something in the Past We use the past perfect continuous to show that something started in the past and continued up until another time in the past. However, the duration does not continue until now, it stops before something else in the past. Examples:    They had been talking  for over an hour before Tony arrived.    Mike wanted to sit down because he had been standing  all day at work. We use Past perfect continuous to represent an ongoing action that started and continued for some time in past by using ‘for’ or ‘since to indicate time reference.  I had been reading articles for three hours. 9. Simple future tense The simple future is a verb tense that’s used to talk about things that haven’t happened yet. We can Use the simple future to talk about an action or condition that will begin and end in the future. We can use “will” or “be going to” in the se ntence.    It will rain  tomorrow.     I will send you the information when I get it.   He is going to spend  his vacation in Hawaii.  10.   Future continuous refers to actions or unfinished events, which are happening in the time after now. Future continuous is used for many different purposes. Use 1 : to predict or suspect, and refer to events that are happening, that we hope will happen in the future.    He'll be coming  to the meeting   I guess you'll be feeling  thirsty after working in the sun.    I will be watching  TV when she arrives  tonight. Use 2 : future continuous refers to events that are happening right now and are expected to continue in the future.   Unfortunately, sea levels will still be rising  in 20 years.   In an hour I'll still be ironing  my clothes. 11.   Future perfect tense Future perfect tense refers to events that have been completed in the future. This tense is often used with time expressions. The future perfect expresses the idea that something will occur before another action in the future.    By next November, I will have received  my promotion.    I am not going to have finished  this test by 3 o'clock.    I will have been  in London for six months by the time I leave.    By Monday, Susan is going to have had  my book for a week.
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