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history of photography timeline-2019

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  History of Photography Timeline ●  Ancient times : Camera obscura used to form images on walls in darkened rooms; image formation via a pinhole.   ●  1826 : Niépce creates a permanent image ●  1834 : Henry Fox Talbot creates permanent (negative) images using paper soaked in silver chloride and fixed with a salt solution. ●  1837 : Louis Daguerre creates images on silver-plated copper, coated with silver iodide and developed with warmed mercury. ●  1861 : Scottish physicist James Clerk-Maxwell demonstrates a color photography system involving 3 black and white photographs, each taken through a red, green, or blue filter. ●  1861-65 : Mathew Brady and staff (mostly staff) covers the American Civil War, exposing 7000 negatives. ●  1877 : Eadweard Muybridge, born in England as Edward Muggridge, settles do a horse's four hooves ever leave the ground at once bet among rich San Franciscans by time-sequenced photography of Leland Stanford's horse. ●  1880 : George Eastman, age 24, sets up Eastman Dry Plate Company in Rochester, New York. The first half-tone photograph appears in a daily newspaper. ●  1900 : Kodak Brownie box roll-film camera introduced. The first model sold for $1 and brought photography to the “masses.” ●  1902 : Alfred Stieglitz organizes Photo Secessionist show in New York City ●  1906 : J.P. Morgan finances Edward Curtis to document the traditional culture of the North American Indian. ●  1907 : First commercial color film, the Autochrome plates, manufactured by Lumiere brothers in France ●  1909 : Lewis Hine hired by US National Child Labor Committee to photograph children working mills. ●  1924 : Leitz markets a derivative of Barnack's camera commercially as the Leica , the first high-quality 35mm camera. ●  1932 : Inception of Technicolor for movies, where three black and white negatives were made in the same camera under different filters; Ansel Adams, Imogen Cunningham, Willard Van Dyke, Edward Weston, et al, form Group f/64. ●  1933 : Brassaï publishes Paris de nuit    ●  1934 : Fuji Photo Film founded. By 1938, Fuji is making cameras and lenses in addition to film. ●  1935 : Farm Security Administration hires Roy Stryker to run a historical section. Stryker would hire Walker Evans, Dorothea Lange, Arthur Rothstein, et al. to photograph rural hardships over the next six years  ●  1936 : Development of Kodachrome, the first color multi-layered color film; development of Exakta, pioneering 35mm single-lens reflex (SLR) camera ●  1941-1945: World War II : o Development of multi-layer color negative films o Margaret Bourke-White, Robert Capa, Carl Mydans, and W. Eugene Smith cover the war for LIFE magazine ●  1947 : Henri Cartier-Bresson, Robert Capa, and David Seymour start the photographer-owned Magnum picture agency ●  1948 : Hasselblad in Sweden offers its first medium-format SLR for commercial sale; Pentax in Japan introduces the automatic diaphragm; Polaroid sells instant black and white film ●  1955 : Edward Steichen curates Family of Man exhibit at New York's MOMA. ●  1960 : Garry Winogrand begins photographing women on the streets of New York City. ●  1963 : First color instant film developed by Polaroid; Instamatic released by Kodak; first purpose-built underwater introduced, the Nikonos ●  1975 : Nicholas Nixon takes his first annual photograph of his wife and her sisters: The Brown Sisters ; Steve Sasson at Kodak builds the first working CCD-based digital still camera ●  1976 : First solo show of color photographs at the Museum of Modern Art, William Eggleston's Guide ●  1983 : Kodak introduces disk camera, using an 8x11mm frame (the same as in the Minox spy camera) ●  1985 : Minolta markets the world's first autofocus SLR system (called Maxxum in the US); In the American West   by Richard Avedon ●  1987 : The popular Canon EOS system introduced, with new all-electronic lens mount ●  1990 : Adobe Photoshop released. ●  1991 : Kodak DCS-100, first digital SLR, a modified Nikon F3 ●  1999 : Nikon D1 SLR, 2.74 megapixel for $6000, first ground-up DSLR design by a leading manufacturer. ●  2000 : Camera phone introduced in Japan by Sharp/J-Phone ●  2001 : Polaroid goes bankrupt ●  2003 : Four-Thirds standard for compact digital SLRs introduced with the Olympus E-1; Canon Digital Rebel introduced for less than $1000 ●  2004 : Kodak ceases production of film cameras ●  2005 : Canon EOS 5D, first consumer-priced full-frame digital SLR offered for $3000. ●  2006 : Both Nikon and Canon stop producing film cameras.

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