4
Uda`m lh Flktmkts
 
Vmftjlk Rdom unamr
Ajlordpgjfd` Edtd 6 Vunndry lh Umxt 5
Mvd`udtjlk lh Dutglr‚s Fgljfms dke
Rrmsmktdtjlk lh Ndtmrjd` = Aja`jlordpgy 7
 
 1
Ajlordpgjfd` Edtd
 
Fgjndndked Kolzj Dejfgjm, wgl d`sl wrjtms ukemr tgm psmuelkyn Dndked K. Dejfgjm, js d Kjomrjdk klvm`jst, mssdyjst, plmt, p`dywrjogt, dke sglrt stlry wrjtmr. Vgm wds alrk Vmptmnamr 4=, 4:?? jk Mkuou, Kjomrjd tl d prlhmsslr dt tgm ]kjvmrsjty lh Kjomrjd. Gmr nltgmr wds tgm hjrst hmnd`m rmojstrdr dt tgm ]kjvmrsjty. Vgm ormw up jk tgm ukjvmrsjty tlwk lh Ksuccd. Ugm glusm jk wgjfg sgm ormw up wds prmvjlus`y lffupjme ay Fgjkud Dfgmam, dk Joal dutglr
cklwk hlr gjs Kjomrjdk ndstmrpjmfm ‗
Ugjkos Hd`` Dpdrt 
‚ 
 dke lh wgln Dejfgjm frmejts wjtg gmr `jtmrdry suffmss. Gmr emsjrm tl wrjtm wds spdrcme ay gjs wlrc. Dejfgjm js tgm hjhtg fgj`e lh sjx dke
js lh Joal emfmkt. Vgm olms ay tgm kjfckdnm ‐Lrdkom„ ojvmk tl gmr ay gmr sjstmr dke js wm``
cklwk adfc jk gmr glnm, Kjomrjd. Gmr emsjrm tl wrjtm stmnnme hrln orlwjko up jk d ukjvmrsjty mkvjrlknmkt. Nlrmlvmr, dt tgm dom lh 4:, Dejfgjm `mht Kjomrjd tl pursum flnnukjfdtjlks dt Ermxm` ]kjvmrsjty. Vgm mdrkme gmr emormm jk flnnukjfdtjlk dke pl`jtjfd` sfjmkfm dt Mdstmrk Flkkmftjfut Vtdtm ]kjvmrsjty wgmrm sgm ordeudtme sunnd fun `duem. @dtmr, sgm amodk gmr NHD flursms jk @jtmrdturm dt Ilgks Glpcjks ]kjvmrsjty. Dejfgjm amodk wrjtjko gmr emaut klvm` eurjko gmr tjnm dt Mdstmrk Flkkmftjfut Vtdtm
]kjvmrsjty. Jk 1226, sgm rmfmjvme tgm Flnnlkwmd`tg _rjtmr‚s Rrjzm hlr Amst Hjrst Allc.
G
lwmvmr, jt wds gmr prmfmejko klvm` ‗Gd`h lh d Zm``lw Vuk‚ wgjfg ndem Dejfgjm d smksdtjlk. Ugm
allc mkflnpdssme tgm Kjomrjdk Fjvj` _dr eurjko wgjfg Dejfgjm ormw up dke wgmrm sgm `lst gmr ordkepdrmkts. Ugm allc wds dwdreme tgm Lrdkom Rrjzm jk 122?. Klkmtgm`mss,
Dejfgjm‚s
 
‗Rurp`m Gjajsfus‚
odjkme daukedkt frjtjfd` rmfmptjlk. Ndky gdvm flnnmkeme gmr jktm``jomkt dke stdukfg plrtrdyd` lh tgm jnpdft lh wdr lk flnnukjtjms dke jkejvjeud`s. Dfflrejko tl Edwms, 122=, Dejfgjm wrjtms d rmndrcda`m `jtmrdry emaut flkf`uejko tgdt jt js d wlkemrhu` rm`jmh tl
ejsflvmr Fgjndndked Kolzj Dejfgjm‚s hrmsg, flnpm``jko vljfm. Ndky gdvm prdjsme gmr
flnpdssjlk, gmr rjvmtjko fgdrdftmrs dke gmr plwmrhu` stlrytm``jko. _gmk dscme dalut tgm mhhmfts lh wjkkjko tgm Lrdkom prjzm Dejfgjm f`dj
ns,„...J elk‚t rmd``y hmm` tgdt ny `jhm gds fgdkome, aut tgm pmrfmptjlk lh ny wlrc dke nm gds fgdkome gmrm jk Kjomrjd.„
 
 
 6
Ds wjtg gmr hl``lwjko klvm` ‗Gd`h lh d Zm``lw Vuk‚ Dejfgm‚s ‗Rurp`m Gjajsfus‚ js gjog`y jkh`umkfme ay tgm mhhmfts lh Kjomrjd‚s plst fl`
lkjd` pdst. Fgllsjko tl wrjtm hjrst hrln gmr mxpmrjmkfm ds dk dhh`umkt dke meufdtme Kjomrjdk, Dejfgjm js d stdukfg hmnjkjst dke usms gmr wlrc ds d wdy tl wlrc tgrluog tgm njsloyky dke flkemsfmksjlk sgm gds hdfme ds dk Dhrjfdk wlndk jk tgm o`lad` `jtmrdry flnnukjty. Ugm klvm` jkflrplrdtms tgmnms lh Kjomrjdk pl`jtjfs, elnmstjf vjl`mkfm, kdtjlkd` jemktjty dke tgm mhhmfts lh fl`lkjd`jsn. Nlrmlvmr, sgm gds usme snd`` hrdonmkts lh gmr kdtjvm Joal tlkoum jk gmr wlrc. Vgm f`djns tgdt `dkoudom dke sty`m drm lh ormdt jnplrtdkfm ndcjko rmhmrmkfm tl olle prlsm sty`jsts wgl pdy dttmktjlk tl tmfgkjqum. Vgm
d`sl mxprmssms gmr flkfmrk hlr tgm ‐rgytgn lh d smktmkfm„ prdjsjko scj`hu` usm lh plmtjf prlsm ay wrjtmrs. Dejfgjm js jkh`umkfme ay mvmrytgjko sgm rmdes. Vgm prmhmrs ‐
qujmt, fdrmhu` wrjtjko...
`jtmrdturm tgdt ndcms ylu tgjkc lh tgdt jktmrmstjko wlre ‐drt„„
(Uukfd, 122=).
 
 5
Vunndry lh Umxt 
 
‗Rurp`m Gjajsfus‚ js smt jk tgm fjty lh Mkuou eurjko plst
-fl`lkjd` Kjomrjd, d fluktry amsmt ay pl`jtjfd` jkstdaj`jty dke mflklnjf ejhhjfu`ty. Ugm klvm` fmktrms lk yluko Cdnaj`j Dfgjcm wgl gds d flnpu`sjlk tl p`mdsm gmr hdtgmr Muomkm, d stdukfg Fdtgl`jf ausjkmss ndk, emspjtm gjs arutd` trmdtnmkt ejsp`dyme uplk gmr, gmr arltgmr, Idid, dke tgmjr nltgmr, Amdtrjfm. Cdnaj`j, ds tgm fgj`e kdrrdtlr, prmsmkts gmr hdtgmr wjtg dk djr lh Fdtgl`jf suprmndfy. Vgm emsjrms tl p`mdsm Rdpd (Muomkm Dfgjcm) wgl js d stmrk dutglrjtdrjdk dke wglsm tyrdkky dke strjft degmrmkfm tl Fdtgl`jfjsn fdusms gjs `lvm hlr gjs hdnj`y tl am lvmrsgdelwme ay frum`ty dke hdkdtjfjsn. Ugm klvm` mxp`lrms tgm tmksjlk amtwmmk Joal, tgm kdtjvm fu`turm, dke _mstmrk fu`turm tgrluog tgm pmrspmftjvm lh hjhtmmk ymdr-l`e Cdnaj`j. Gmr jkeustrjd` hdtgmr, Muomkm js cklwk jk tgm flnnukjty ds d pjlus dke omkmrlus ndk wgl flurdomlus`y stdkes dodjkst tgm pl`jfjms lh tgm nj`jtdry olvmrknmkt lh Kjomrjd. Dejfgjm jktmktjlkd``y smt Rdpd Muomkm, wjtg gjs dausjvm rmputdtjlk cklwk lk`y tl gjs hdnj`y, ds d tyrdkt. Ds tgm Dfgjcm glusmgl`e strjvms tl hrmm jtsm`h hrln tgm plwmrhu` glrrlrs dke tmrrlrs tgdt Muomkm lvmrwgm`nme tgmn wjtg, sl el tgm Kjomrjdk pmlp`m `jvm wjtg dke mkeurm lkm nj`jtdry p`lt dhtmr tgm ltgmr. Ds tgm pl`jtjfd` sjtudtjlk gmdts up, Idid dke Cdnaj`j drm smkt tl stdy wjtg tgmjr Dukt Jhmlnd, d rmspmftme ukjvmrsjty prlhmsslr dke gmr tgrmm fgj`ermk wgl `jvm jk Ksuccd. Ugmrm, Cdnaj`j mnardfms gmr jkempmkemkfm dke amojks tl a`lssln. Vgm dke Idid rmturk glnm tl hjke tgdt tgm dausm gds klt fmdsme. Amdtrjfm dke Idid rmdfg tgmjr armdcjko pljkt dke
pljslk Muomkm‚s tmd, rmsu
`tjko jk gjs emdtg. Idid tdcms rmsplksjaj`jty jk tgm glpm lh sdvjko tgmjr nltgmr hrln d emdtg smktmkfm. Ugm klvm` js d flnjko lh dom td`m, emhjkjko `lvm vmrsus gdtrme, hrmmeln dke tgm rl`m lh tgm plst-fl`lkjd` wlndk. Ds edrc mvmkts ukrdvm` jk tgm klvm` tgm rmdemr gl`es lut tgm prlspmft lh rmemnptjlk dke glpm. Dejfgjm fdrmhu``y jktmrtwjkms tgm pl`jtjfd` jkstdaj`jty lh Kjomrjd dke tgm jktmrkd` erdnd lh tgm Dfgjcm hdnj`y tl frmdtm d rjvmtjko
td`m tgdt js ‗Rurp`m Gjajsfus‚.
 
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