Diabetes Mellitus
What is Diabetes Mellitus?
Diabetes = to pass through
Mellitus = from honey, sweet
 A chronic metabolic disease characterized by high glucose levels in blood
Results from a lack of or reduced effectiveness of endogenous insulin
This results in high blood glucose levels
4% of Australians have diabetes and this proportion is increasing every year
Carries risk of significant cardiovascular morbidity and mortality
 Affects multiple systems:
Neuropathy, retinopathy, vascular disease, kidney disease, IHD
Three Main Types of Diabetes
Type 1 DM
Type 2 DM
Gestational Diabetes
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