1. World needs spiritual
 
transformation
THE four
 Purusharthas (Dharma, Artha, Kama and Moksha)
are regarded in common parlanceas the purposes of human life. They are given a worldly meaning. But their real meaning isspiritual. The foremost purpose of the four
 Purusharthas
is to make man realise that his primaryduty is to divinise himself (to transform himself from Man to
 Madhava).
The word Purusha does not signify the masculine gender as is commonly assumed. It refers tothe Atma, the Supreme Consciousness, which has no gender and which is immanent in all beings. Of the two terms
 Purusha
and Prakriti, the latter represents the gross element in Nature.It refers also to the body.
 Purusha
is the Consciousness, the Indweller in the body. The two areinterdependent. The
 sastras
 have declared that the body
is jada ( 
gross) and the Atma is
chaitanya
(consciousness) and that the body is feminine. Every being can be considered as madeup of both elements and therefore everyone irrespective of sex, is entitled to pursue the
 Purusharthas.
The true meaning of
 Purusharthas
Of the four
 Purusharthas (Dharma, Artha, Kama and Moksha,
the first one,
 Dharma,
is regardedin common usage as referring to actions like charity, the duties of one's
ashrama
(stage in life),going on pilgrimages and such other good deeds. But these relate only to external actions. Thetrue
 Dharma
of every human being is to make every endeavour to realise the Divine. The process by which this consummation can be reached constitutes
 Dharma.
The observance of theduties relating to different
ashramas (Brahmacharya , Grihastha, Vaanaprastha and Sanyasa)
isincidental to the particular stage in life. The duties do not constitute
 Dharma
 proper.
 Dharma
should lead to Self-realisation.Similarly,
 Artha
does not mean, as commonly understood, the accumulation of property andwealth. They may well become anartha (calamitous). They are not lasting. The acquisition of such wealth cannot be considered as
 Purushartha.
The real wealth that the man should acquire isthe wisdom that is related to the Divine.The word Kama is generally associated with worldly desires and sensual pleasures. But, when itis considered as the
 Purushartha--as
one of the purposes of life--it relates to the yearning for God and not to mundane desires. The term
 Moksha
is generally understood as referring to themeans by which one reaches God or Heaven. But one can be in Heaven only for the periodearned by one's meritorious deeds and at the end will have to be reborn again. But
 Moksha
in thetrue sense refers to a state in which nothing is lacking and there is no incoming or going out. It isa state without name or form. It is not a specific place to go to. It is the attainment of unity withthe Diane.For every human being, the first task, among the four
 Purusharthas,
must be to determine whatis permanent and what is transient and seek the Eternal Madhava. The second objective is theacquisition of the Diane Wisdom as the real wealth. The third is to develop faith in God andyearn for realisation of mergence in God. The fourth is
 Moksha,
the state of Self-realisation inwhich there is no change and there is no movement.
Herald of big change
We celebrate this day as the holy day of Sankaranthi. Nature wears the garb of Supreme Peace.The day is pleasantly cool. This is the last day of Sun's southern journey and the first day of his
 
northward course. It is the last day of
 Dhanurmaasa
(the month named after the constellation
 Dhanus
or Centaur). It is the beginning of
 Makaramaasa
 (when the Sun enters the constellationCapricorn).We bid farewell to
 Dhanurmaasa
and welcome the
 Makkala.
The day of
Sankaranthi
 has aspecial significance.
Sankaranthi
 means San (coming together; Kranthi
 
(a big change).
 Kranthi
also means knowledge of the past, present and future. That is why Kavi (a poet is described as
 Kranthi-darshi ( 
one who knows, the past, the present and the future). The term cannot be appliedto one who dabbles in mere words and rhymes. It can only apply to God, who presides over time,space and causation.The entry of the Sun into
 Makararasi
(Capricorn) heralds the beginning of a great change fromthis day. It marks the entry into a Divine phase. It signifies the attempt to turn man's mindtowards God. It is a day when we pray to the Sun, who is presiding deity for the eyes, to directour vision to the pure and the holy, the sacred and the Divine.
Spiritual transformation will bring peace
The Makara
month is holier than all the other months. All auspicious ceremonies and activitiesare embarked upon only from this month. For the performance of the
Upanayanam
{sacredthread-wearing ceremony) people wait for the
Uttarayana.
In this period Nature is vibrant with joy. The harvest is brought home and the farmers enjoy the fruits of their labours. Young girlsdecorate the fronts of their houses with flour designs and pumpkin blossoms. They celebrate theseason with group dances. Newly-wed bridegrooms are sent to the houses of their brides for celebrating the festive season. Cattle are given a new look and taken round for display of manytricks. Man should recognise the change in season and reform himself to discharge his dutiesappropriately.The real meaning of
 Purusharthas
is to make use of the time and the circumstances as they arisefor making one's life meaningful and sublime. We have to effect a remarkable spiritualtransformation in the world today. Only then the observance of
 Makara Sankaranthi
has ameaning. External changes with no change in one's outlook and attitude will not signify
 Kranthi
(radical change). When we bring about a great spiritual transformation, then there will be real peace.
 Discourse in the Poornachandra Auditorium on Makara Sankaranthi Day, 14-1-1985.The only way of hope in the enveloping gloom of fear violence and cruelty, of enforce
d conformity, of hatred and per 
 secution, is the Peace that one can win through self-control and Sadhana. That  peace will pervade and puffy the inner consciousness as well as theouter atmosphere. Sadhana is the life-breath of man; struggling for  power and pomp is but the breath of poison. Poor silly man craves for the air that will destroy him, the food that will torment him and the drink that will defile him!
BABA
 
2. Seva is the highest
 Sadhana
HUMAN beings have forgotten their true nature and are behaving like demonic creatures.Though they call themselves as human beings, they do not know the essence of human qualities.Today's educational system emphasises textbook knowledge and ignores morality and character.Seventy percent of the world's population consists of 'youth,' who are the potential leaders of tomorrow. Unless they are properly trained to take up their role in the future, the society, thenation and the world will not progress in peace.In order to train the younger generation in the proper way, the Sai Organisation has prescribedthe five guiding principles of their movement--Truth, Right Conduct, Peace, Love and Non-violence. We should understand first, the real import and significance of these five principles.
Sathya
(Truth) is not just relating events exactly as seen, heard or experienced. It is the eternalTruth which is beyond time and space, which does not ever change. If Love forms part of your nature, S
athya
will be there.
Love is the common denominator
When your thoughts emanate from a mind purified by love, they will result in Right Action,which is
 Dharma,
When Love becomes part of your experience, thought and action you getS
hanthi
(Peace). When we comprehend Love clearly,
 Ahimsa
or non-violence will resultautomatically. So Love is the unseen undercurrent binding all the four values. It can besummarised thus: Love plus thoughts is S
athya
Love plus feelings is
Shanthi; L
ove plus action is
 Dharma
and Love plus understanding is
 Ahimsa.
Love is the common denominator for all thesevalues. It is the form of God, for God is love. One who gives Love is a man and one who fails tonourish this love is a beast. Love, or absence of Love makes one an animal, man or God.The nurturing of Love is possible only in a tender heart. Because of attachment to worldlyobjects, that tenderness is lost. When the mind is directed towards the sensual world, life becomes artificial. When you go to your office, you greet people artificially. The
namaskaram
isdone with
ahamkaram.
Respect is given artificially for the position and does not emanate fromthe heart. That which emanates from the heart is Truth. When you see a person dong service toothers with Love, you have to respect him. It is not the formal action that counts. Only the goodheart behind the action is entitled to respect and regard. So we should develop a tender heartfilled with love rather than act mechanically. If there is no love in the heart, there is no use indoing anything whatsoever.
The role of teacher
The teacher is like a water storage tank. If there is clean and good water in the tank, you will getgood water in the taps. Students are like the taps and will prove to be good only when theteachers are good. Teachers should have lofty ideals so that these can be reflected in their students, who are the future citizens and leaders. Teachers should first practise themselves whatthey want to teach to the students. They should have a feeling of Thyaga (sacrifice) for the sakeof the well-being of the nation so that the students will have a similar ideal. Before they try tocorrect the students, they should first correct themselves.Human values are not commodities sold in the market. They should be reflected in one's behaviour and one's way of life. They should be taught not as academic subjects but as the basison which right living should be built up. The teacher should do
Sadhana
to ensure control of 
 
senses and achieve harmony in thought, word and deed. When you achieve this harmony, youwill become an ideal teacher.
 Address to the Bal Vikas teachers from Tamil Nadu at Abbotsbury, Madras, on 20-1-1985.
Seek God in the temple of your heart
The temples play a vital role in awakening the spiritual impulse in man and directing himtowards the realisation of his inherent divinity. The real temple for man is his heart, andforgetting this fact, man goes after temples outside. Temples are erected to remind men aboutGod, but the Divine dwells in the heart and should be sought there. Men go through any amountof difficulties, hardships, trials and tribulations in life, but few try to understand their essentialDivinity, which should be the primary aim of life. Men devote considerable care and attention tothe preservation of the body which is perishable. But they do not cultivate good thoughts and dogood deeds through which they can attain enduing bliss.Temples serve to provide the company of the good and the godly and should be used for cultivating such company and acquiring mental peace. It is not enough merely to go to templesas a mechanical ritual. You must cultivate good thoughts in tune with the sacred atmosphere of the temple. Even in uttering the names of the Lord, the words should come from the depths of theheart and not merely from the lips. Acquiring the name of the Lord is like getting a precious pearl from the deep ocean. Having got it, you should not let it go out of your hands. Faith in theLord must be strengthened by the repetition of the name. Faith is the foundation of all activity.Spiritual effort is needed to develop faith in God, just as curdling and churning are necessary toobtain butter from milk. The fire in the matchstick will be seen only when it is struck. LikewiseGod can be realised only through spiritual effort.The residents of this colony should live in harmony, cultivate a fraternal spirit and cooperatewith each other for their material and spiritual betterment.(The residents of Thirumangala expressed their unanimous desire to rename the colony as SathyaSai Nagar in commemoration of Bhagavan's visit and the varied services rendered by the SaiSevaks).
 Discourse at the consecration ceremony of the idol Thiruveedhi Amman at ThirumangalaColony, on the outskirts of Anna Nagar, Madras on 21 - 1 - 1985.
Serve Daridra-Narayana
God has two forms--Lakshmi-Narayana and Daridra-Narayana. Most people prefer to worshipLakshmi-Narayana for ensuring their personal prosperity and welfare, but few chose to worshipDaridra-Narayana (the Lord in the form of the poor and the forlorn). Members of the SaiOrganisations should think only of service to Daridra-Narayana. If the hungry are fed, they areeasily satisfied. Service to Daridra-Narayana can never go waste. It is the highest form of 
 sadhana.
Man is the product of the society and service to society is real service to God. Suchservice should be rendered without regard to caste, creed, race or nationality. The essence of allreligions is one and the same, like the current that serves many different purposes but is the sameenergy.In serving society, they should bear in mind the four ideals of
Sathya, Dharma, Shanthi
and
 Prema.
Service is like a bulb, which cannot shed light unless there is a wire to convey the
of 95