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Year Two Spelling. J at end ge dge J spelt g before e,i, J spelt j before a o u C before e i y. Statutory Requirements

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Year Two Spelling Statutory Requirements Year 2: Detail of content to be introduced (statutory requirement) Word Formation of nouns using suffixes such as ness, -er and by compounding (for example, whiteboard,
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Year Two Spelling Statutory Requirements Year 2: Detail of content to be introduced (statutory requirement) Word Formation of nouns using suffixes such as ness, -er and by compounding (for example, whiteboard, superman). Formation of adjectives using suffixes such as ful, -less (A further list of suffixes can be found on page 3 in the year 2 spelling section in English Appendix 1). Use of the suffixes er, -est in adjectives and the use of ly in Standard English to turn adjectives into adverbs. The letter j is never used for the /j/ sound at the end of English words. At the end of a word, the dj sound is spelt dge straight after the a e i o u sounds (sometimes called short vowels). J at end ge dge J spelt g before e,i, J spelt j before a o u C before e i y y 5 age badge gem jar race huge edge giant jog ice change bridge magic join cell charge dodge energy jacket city bulge fudge giraffe adjust fancy The k and g at the beginning of these words was sounded hundreds of years ago. This spelling probably also reflects an old pronunciation The le spelling is the most common spelling for this sound at the end of words. The el spelling is much less common than le. The el spelling is used after m,n,r,s,v,w and more often than not after s. If letter has ascender or descender le if not small letter el. kn gn wr le el knack gnat write table camel knock gnaw written apple tunnel knee gnash wrote bottle squirrel knob gnome wrong little travel knot wrap middle tinsel Not many nouns end in al but many adjectives do. There are not many of these words This is by far the most common spelling for this sound at the end of words. The y is changed to i before es is added. metal pencil cry flies pedal fossil fly tries capital nostril dry replies hospital pupil try copies animal July babies The y is changed to I before ed,, -er and est are added, but not before ing as this would result in ii. The only ordinary words with ii are skiing and taxiing. ed er est ing copied copier happiest supplying cried happier heaviest drying replied heavier rustiest supplied rustiest prettiest dried prettiest runniest runniest The e at the end of the root word is dropped before ing, -ed, -er, -est, -y or any other suffix beginning with a vowel letter is added. Exception: being. When a word has a split digraph drop the e before adding ending if suffix begins with vowel. ing ed er est y hiking hiked hiker nicest shiny hoping hoped biker ripest noisy racing raced diver wisest rosy driving lived driver bravest living saved freezer The last consonant letter of the root word is doubled to keep the a,e,i,o,u, sound (i.e to keep the vowel short ). One vowel before a single final consonant, double consonant before adding ending. Exception: the letter x is never doubled: mixing, mixed, boxer, sizes ing est y ed er patting saddest fatty patted sadder humming fattest skinny hummed fatter dropping wettest runny dropped runner shopping thinnest sunny shopped bigger hopping hopped Wetter X never doubled (exception) mixing fixing boxing mixed mixer sizes fixed Or sound before l and ll u spelt o ee spelt ey 5 A is the most common spelt as a The plural of these words is formed by the addition of s (donkeys, monkeys, etc). all other Key keys want ball mother Donkey donkeys watch call brother Monkey monkeys quantity Walk nothing Chimney chimneys squash talk Monday valley valleys wander er after w. There are not many of these words. or after w. There are not many of these words. sh spelt s spelling for the o sound after w and qu. word war treasure work warm usual worm towards television world division worth fusion If a suffix starts with a consonant letter, it is added straight on to most root words without any change to the last letter of those words. Exceptions: - argument - root words ending in y with a consonant before it but only if the root word has more than one syllable. -ment -ness -ful -less -ly enjoyment sadness careful faithless badly excitement lateness playful hopeless lonely pavement wiseness fateful careless lately enchantment illness hateful tireless safely apartment fullness hopeful ageless likely Exception Exceptions: root word y with consonant argument In contractions, the apostrophe shows where a letter would be if the words were written in full (e.g can t cannot). It s means it is (e.g it s raining) or sometimes it has (it s been raining), but it s is never used for the possessive. before it if root word has 2 syllables plentiful penniless happily merriment happiness Possessive apostrophe -tion It is important to know the difference between homophones. can t Megan s Station There/their/they re door didn t the girl s Fraction Here/hear Floor hasn t the child s Nation Quite/quiet Poor couldn t the man s Action See/sea because it s the boy s Section Bare/bear Every I ll One/won Pass Sun/son Bath To/too/two Hour Be/bee Water Blue/blew Improve Some words are exceptions in some accents but not in others e.g past, last, fast, path and bath are not exceptions in accents where the a in these words is pronounced /ce/, as in cat. Great, break and steak are the only common words where the /a/ sound is spelt ea. Night/knight mrs
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