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The Battle of Lepanto (1571) and the Venetian Eastern Adriatic: Impact of a Global Conflict on the Mediterranean Periphery (PDF version)

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The Battle of Lepanto (1571) and the Venetian Eastern Adriatic: Impact of a Global Conflict on the Mediterranean Periphery (PDF version)
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  ATINER CONFERENCE PAPER SERIES No: MDT2012-00361 Athens Institute for Education and ResearchATINER ATINER's Conference Paper SeriesMDT2012-0036 Klemen PustResearcherUniversity of PrimorskaSlovenia ‘Defending the Christian Faith w ith Our Blood’. The Battle of Lepanto (1571) and the Venetian EasternAdriatic: Impact of a Global Conflict on theMediterranean Periphery  ATINER CONFERENCE PAPER SERIES No: MDT2012-00362 Athens Institute for Education and Research8 Valaoritou Street, Kolonaki, 10671 Athens, GreeceTel: + 30 210 3634210 Fax: + 30 210 3634209Email: info@atiner.gr URL: www.atiner.grURL Conference Papers Series: www.atiner.gr/papers.htmPrinted in Athens, Greece by the Athens Institute for Education and Research.All rights reserved. Reproduction is allowed for non-commercial purposes if thesource is fully acknowledged.ISSN 2241-2891    ATINER CONFERENCE PAPER SERIES No: MDT2012-00363 An Introduction toATINER's Conference Paper Series ATINER started to publish this conference papers series in 2012. It includes only thepapers submitted for publication after they were presented at one of the conferencesorganized by our Institute every year. The papers published in the series have notbeen refereed and are published as they were submitted by the author. The seriesserves two purposes. First, we want to disseminate the information as fast aspossible. Second, by doing so, the authors can receive comments useful to revisetheir papers before they are considered for publication in one of ATINER's books,following our standard procedures of a blind review.Dr. Gregory T. PapanikosPresidentAthens Institute for Education and Research  ATINER CONFERENCE PAPER SERIES No: MDT2012-00364 This paper should be cited as follows: Pust, Klemen (2012) " ‘Defending the Christian Faith with Our Blood’. The Battleof Lepanto (1571) and the Venetian Eastern Adriatic: Impact of a Global Conflicton the Mediterranean Periphery " Athens: ATINER'S Conference Paper Series, No:MDT2012-0036.  ATINER CONFERENCE PAPER SERIES No: MDT2012-00365 ‘Defending the Christian Faith with Our Blood’. The Battle of Lepanto (1571) and the Venetian Eastern Adriatic: Impact of a GlobalConflict on the Mediterranean Periphery Klemen PustResearcherUniversity of PrimorskaSlovenia Abstract The Battle of Lepanto in 1571 was the greatest naval battle of oar driven vessels in the historyof the Mediterranean and the first defeat of the Ottoman navy in a direct confrontation withChristian forces. It represents the peak of a global conflict that involved vast opposingempires. An important part in this victory was played by 8 galleys, equipped and manned byVenetian owned towns in the Eastern Adriatic. Besides that the sailors from Venetianprovince of Dalmatia were present on no less than 19 Venetian galleys. On the basis of recently discovered archival material it is now possible to establish that up to 15 000 soldiers,sailors and oarsmen srcinated from the Eastern Adriatic, which represents around 40% of theentire Christian forces. Furthermore, in April of 1571 the Ottoman navy penetrated into theAdriatic itself, where it managed to operate without any major Venetian resistance. Theextremely grim situation was particularly hard felt by the population because of the outburstof plague and subsequently of famine. The measures taken by the Venetian authorities werenot sufficient and as a result social tumult and upheaval started, which later spread throughoutDalmatia. These uprisings became a political form of opposition against the Venetian powerin the Eastern Adriatic and it took  Signoria quite some time, money and effort before it couldfinally crush them.   Keywords: Battle of Lepanto, 1571, Eastern Adriatic, Venetian, Ottoman Contact Information of Corresponding author:  klemenpust.zgodovina@siol.net 
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