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STATE H OR TI C UL TUR E M I SSI ON, HY DER ABAD

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WELCOM E To M AK I NG C OL D C HAI N DEVEL OPM ENT A R EAL I TY I N I NDI A,I NFR ASTR UC TUR E FOR VAL UE C R EATI ON AND R UR AL ENTR EPR ENEUR SHI P I N HOR TI C UL TUR E STATE H OR TI C UL TUR E M
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WELCOM E To M AK I NG C OL D C HAI N DEVEL OPM ENT A R EAL I TY I N I NDI A,I NFR ASTR UC TUR E FOR VAL UE C R EATI ON AND R UR AL ENTR EPR ENEUR SHI P I N HOR TI C UL TUR E STATE H OR TI C UL TUR E M I SSI ON, HY DER ABAD COLD CHAIN Cold Chain refers to a subset of the total supply chain involving production, storage and distribution of perishable products that require temperature control in order to keep their characteristics and associated value. The cold chain is always at risk. The term cold chain refers to two distinct components: COLD refers to the need to control temperature in preventing the growth of microorganisms in food while maintaining its wholesomeness as it is processed, shipped, delivered and stored at the stores. The term CHAIN focuses on monitoring the chain of custody in which each segment of the processing, storage, transport and delivery functions is linked to the step before and after with proper documentation and records. It is the ability to deliver on the quality promise. MAINTAINING THE COLD CHAIN FOR PERISHABLES Harvest Protect the product from the sun. Transport quickly to the packing house. Cooling Minimize delays before cooling Cool the product thoroughly as soon as possible. Temporary Storage Keep the product at optimum temperature Ship to market as soon as possible. Transport to Market Use refrigerated loading area Cool truck before loading Load pallets towards the center of the truck Avoid delays during transport Monitor product temperature during transport Handling at Destination Use a refrigerated unloading area Measure product temperature Move products quickly to the proper storage area Transport to retail markets or foodservice operations in refrigerated trucks Handling at home or foodservice outlet Display at proper temperature range Keep product at proper temperature Use the product as soon as possible HORTICULTURE STATISTICS OF ANDHRA PRADESH AND STATUS IN INDIA : Sl. No. Crop Category Area (Ha.) Production (MTs) Status in India 1 Fresh Fruits nd in area & production 2 Plantation crops th in area & production 3 Tuber crops Vegetables th in area & 10th in production 5 Flowers rd in area & production 6 Cut Flowers th in production 7 Spices st in area & production 8 Medicinal and Aromatic Plants and lakh cut flowers TOTAL Maharashtra and Andhra Pradesh are the major states for fruit production accounting for 34% of the total fruit production in the country. A major shift in consumption pattern of fresh and processed fruits & vegetables. Major Constraints Extent of Post Harvest losses which is approx 30-40% of the total production. Long & Fragmented cold chain contributing to high marketing costs, quality degradation and high wastages of fruits and vegetables in Andhra Pradesh. High cost of transport, logistics and delivery erode the advantage of low cost production. POS T HAR VES T MANAG E MENTA PER S PEC TIVE Peris hable Ag ricultural produce (including that from horticulture, dairy, fis heries and animals ) 600 M.MT Es timated R s. Los s es - Dairy 1% 80,000 C rore - Food g rains 10% - Horticulture % annually Los s can be reduced s ubs tantially by providing appropriate Pos t Harves t Technolog y & Manag ement (C leaning, S orting, G rading, Drying, C ooling, Packag ing, S torag e, Milling, R efining etc ) in value chain Challenges Ahead Improvement in post-harvest management through adoption of appropriate technology & practices Improving forward & backward linkages and supply chain Providing farmers with access to market information To provide more rural collection and distribution systems managed by self help groups/ village organizations. Encourage Private and Co-operative Sectors in Market Development. STATE HORTICULTURE MISSION (AP) Under SHM from to a total of 500 Pack Houses, 22 Cold Storage Units, 1 CA Unit, 40 Ripening Chambers, 3 Refer Vans, 24 Cashew Primary Processing Units have been sanctioned under post harvest management scheme. Under Development of Market Yards a total of 18 Markets and 10 Pack Houses with Functional Infrastructure have been sanctioned. COMMODITY WISE DISTRIBUTION OF COLD STORAGES IN AP Sl.N o Component No Capacity (MTs) 1 Multi Purpose Fruits & Vegetables Meat & Fish Milk & Milk Products Others Total Source: Agmarknet.nic.in The Cold Storage Network helps in achieving sustainable Agricultural Development To meet the demand of increasing population. It helps in promoting scientific storage and preservation of perishables Stabilizing the price of the stored commodity by increasing the Marketing period, there by ensuring a better deal to the producers. The Cold Storage Industry thus plays a vital role in increasing production as also in the orderly marketing of the produce. COLD CHAIN STATUS IN AP POINT OF HARVEST PRE COOLING CA STORE REFR. TRANSPORT POINT OF SALE Cold Chain is symbolized by Cold Stores. 286 Cold Stores with MTs capacity More than 80% are stand-alone chillies Cold Stores Only 0.2% cold stores are for F&V The farmers find the 25% subsidy offer costly and still need to find finances to match the Governments offer. Use of very low level technology results in high electricity use Average utilization. COLD CHAIN INFRASTRUCTURE On farm cold chain with cleaning, sorting, grading and storing in controlled temperature. These are critical to empower farmers, particularly small and marginal farmers through primary processing and collection centers & enhance Shelf Life. Cold chain to be an essential part of the entire supply chain. All components like refer vans etc. to be integrated allowing flexibility to choose the items on a need basis. The scale of assistance to be raised from 25% to 50% in general areas and from 33 1/3% to 75% in difficult areas, with ceiling of Rs. 10 Crores. PROMOTING PHM INFRASTRUCTURE IN PRODUCTION CLUSTERS Example: - Cold Storages in Chittoor, Kadapa, Anantapur & Guntur Districts. - Ripening Chambers in Kurnool & Kadapa - Banana Cluster Entering MOU with promoter for delivery of services to growers at reasonable price Organizing Exposure Visits to the farmer to PHM Infrastructure. Farmers realizing better price for their produce by utilizing PHM Infrastructure. Eg: 1) Banana farmers of Kurnool district are able to get better price for ripened fruit. Eg: 2) chilly farmers of Guntur benefiting by storing Chillies when the market prices are low. Encouraging formation of Growers Co-operatives for Focus Crops. Interaction organized between bulk Traders & Growers in Production clusters Banana, Papaya, Clusters in Kadapa and Ananthapur. PERSPECTIVE PLAN FOR COLD CHAIN DEVELOPMENT FOR HORTICULTURE SECTOR IN AP FOR THE COMING TWO YEARS Identification of Horticulture Clusters Perennials : Mango, Sweet Orange, Pomegranate, Sapota, Acid Lime and Guava. Non-Perennials : Banana, Papaya Spices : Turmeric, Ginger Potential for setting up of cold chain facility in the clusters Banana Sweet Orange Mango Papaya Tomato Vegetables - Pulivendula (Kadapa district) & Anantapur district. - Nalgonda & Anantapur - Vijayawada, Kadapa & Hyderabad - Kadapa & Anantapur - Madanapalli (Chittoor) - Ontimamidi (Medak district) MANGO Area : 4.71 lakh Ha. Production : 3.85 lakh MT Varieties : Beneshan, Totapari, Pedda / Chinna Ras Major Marketing Centers : Vijayawada, Kadapa, Hyderabad SWEET ORANGE Area Production : 1.68 lakh Ha. : lakh MT BANANA Area Production Varieties : 0.72 lakh Ha. : lakh MT : Grandnaine, Robusta PAPAYA Area : 0.13 lakh Ha. Production : 9.78 lakh MT Varieties : Thaiwan RedLady, Honey Dew, Solo, Co 1. Organizing commodity groups in the horticulture production clusters. Identification of collection centers. Setting up of common infrastructure under public & private partner ship (PPP). Setting up of Cold Chain infrastructure in the selected market yards. Eg: Cold Storages and Ripening Chambers are proposed in the following market yards. a) Integrated Wholesale Fruits Market, Anantapur b) Ontimamidi Vegetable Market, Medak etc., CONDUCTING ROAD SHOWS FOR IDENTIFICATION ENTREPRENEUR FOR ESTABLISHMENT OF COLD CHAIN INFRASTRUCTURE. Eg: BANANA RIPENING CHAMBER BENEFIT TO THE FARMER The bananas are procured from Tissue culture plantations with drip irrigation. The tissue culture bananas are preferred as they are uniform,healthy, disease free, fruit bunches are dense, compact and well shaped. There is a better price realisation to the tissue culture farmers of Rs 5200/- per ton as against 4500/- per ton. BENEFIT TO THE ENTREPRENEUR The entrepreneur is able to realise Rs.500/- to Rs.750/- per Ton. The shelf life of the fruit is increased and the cold chain is maintained. THANK YOU
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