Restore the Health of Your Organisation - A Practical Guide to Curing and Preventing Corruption in Local Government and Communities. Volume 11

The Guide uses a medical metaphor (prevention and cure) to describe a step-by-step strategic planning process to address corruption in local government: - Triggering events, wake-up calls, urgent surgery; - Building a guiding coalition; - Diagnosis, planning courses of action and mobilizing resources; - Field-testing and implementation; - Impact evaluation, stabilization and on-going prevention. This approach is illustrated by a lead story & case studies. The Guide ends with 30 practical tools to help translate this approach into action.
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  I  II Copyright© Jointcopyrightbetween United Nations Human Settlements Programme, 2006and Partners Foundation for Local Development, FPDL, 2006.All rights reservedUnited Nations Human Settlements Programme (UN-HABITAT) PO Box 30030, Nairobi 00100, KenyaTel: +254 20 7621 234Fax: +254 20 7624 266/7Email: tcbb@unhabitat.orgEmail: infohabitat@unhabitat.orgWebsite: www.unhabitat.orgPartners Foundation for Local Development(FPDL)Str. Piata Amzei 7-9, sc D, et6, ap 34, Sector 1, Bucuresti, RomaniaTel/fax: +40 21 313 56 64, +40 21 313 56 68 or +40 21 314 19 66Email: fpdl@fpdl.roWebsite: http://www.fpdl.ro DISCLAIMER This publication has notbeen formally edited by the United Nations.The designations employed and the presentation of the material in this manual do notimplythe expression of any opinion whatsoever on the partof the Secretariatof the UnitedNations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities,or concerning delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries, or regarding its economic system ordegree of development. The analysis, conclusions and recommendations of this manual donotnecessarily reflectthe view of the United Nations Human SettlementProgramme or itsGoverning Council. UN-HABITAT: HS AND ISBN NUMBERSHS/863/06 VOLUME ONE (CONCEPTS AND STRATEGIES)ISBN 92-1-131407-0 (SERIES)ISBN 92-1-131851-3 (VOLUME ISBN NUMBER)HS/864/06 VOLUME TWO (PROCESS FACILITATION TOOLS)ISBN 92-1-131407-0 (SERIES)ISBN 92-1-131852-1 (VOLUME ISBN NUMBER)FPDL: ISBN NUMBERSISBN GENERAL FOR BOTH VOLUMES: 973-7750-22-5ISBN VOL. 1: 973-7750-23-3 (CONCEPTS AND STRATEGIES BY FRED FISHER)ISBN VOL. 2: 973.7750-24-1 (PROCESS FACILITATION TOOLS BY ANA VASILACHE AND NICOLE RATA) Designed and printed in Bucharest, Romania by FPDLCover by Ioana RataThe publication of this manual was made possible through the financial supportof LocalGovernmentInitiative of the Open Society Institute - LGI/OSI, UN-HABITAT and FPDL  III Corruption has a profoundly corrosive effecton local governance and thequality of life in cities. When decisions are taken to serve private ratherthan public interests, they undermine the ability of local governmenttopromote social and economic developmentand to protecttheenvironment. As a resultcitizens of all walks of life, butespecially thepoor, suffer the consequences in terms of loss of quality of life and theability to pursue sustainable livelihoods. UN-HABITAT, as the focal agency for local authorities within the UNsystem, promotes a governance approach to combating corruption. Goodurban governance is based on effective participation, transparency andaccountability, and responsiveness to the needs and priorities of the majority of citizens.Lack of participation often means thatthe poor do nothave a voice in determining theirdevelopmentpriorities. Complex and non-accountable municipal administrative practicestend to increase citizen apathy leading to lower revenues and less spending on socialprogrammes and basic services. Non-responsive allocation of resources can lead todisproportionate spending on the priorities of the better-off rather than on those of the poor.Non-transparentland allocation practices push the poor to the urban periphery andhazardous areas, depriving them of secure access to a major productive asset. Concern for improved standards of governance, transparency, and accountability is nowspreading across the globe. Atthe local level in many countries, citizens groups are holdingtheir governments to account. Butchange can also startfrom within the local government.Using a medical metaphor, this Practical Guide to Curing and Preventing Corruption in LocalGovernments and Communities provides a wealth of suggestions on how to initiate such aprocess. Itoffers a hands-on capacity-building approach to restore the health of localgovernments, increase revenues and improve service delivery, reduce poverty and socialexclusion, and uphold ethical standards and practices. This Guide is the resultof an initiative by Partners Foundation for Local Development(FPDL)supported by the Local GovernmentInitiative Program (LGI) of the Open Society Institute andby UN-HABITAT. The Guide is a follow-up of the publication on Tools to PromoteTransparency in Local Governance , which was developed jointly by UN-HABITAT andTransparency International, under the umbrella of the Global Campaign on UrbanGovernance. The new Guide also complements the range of local governance trainingmaterials developed by our Training and Capacity Building Branch.I hope this Guide will contribute to promoting good urban governance and to the realizationof the Millennium DevelopmentGoals. We welcome your views on how to improve thisGuide including lessons and experiences from the field. Anna K. Tibaijuka Under-Secretary-General andExecutive Director UN-HABITAT FOREWORD  IV
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