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Psychology Report - Sexual Relationship

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1. Sexual Relationships: Sexual and emotional satisfaction Alisha Niazali Hirani 0314325 Beelly Vun 0314654 Benny Tan Shiowee 0315447 Chua Chang Yeong 0314044 Chua Jia…
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  • 1. Sexual Relationships: Sexual and emotional satisfaction Alisha Niazali Hirani 0314325 Beelly Vun 0314654 Benny Tan Shiowee 0315447 Chua Chang Yeong 0314044 Chua Jia Cheng 0315160 PSYC 103 Group Research Assignment Date od submission : 22nd January 2014
  • 2. Running Head: Sexual Relationships Acknowledgement First, we would like to express oour sincere gratitude to all the participants involved in this study for their time. In addition the information that they shared was very sensitive in nature and to help carry out this research none the less was truly courageous of them. Secondly we would like to thank Chia Yee Pang for her patience and support while carrying out this research. 2
  • 3. Running Head: Sexual Relationships Table of Contents ABSTRACT…………………………………………………………………………….. 4 INTRODUCTION………………………………………………………………………. 5 METHOD………………………………………………………………………………...6 Design…………………………………………………………………………… 6 Participants……………………………………………………………………......6 Materials /Apparatus………………………………………………………….......6 Procedure………………………………………………………………………....7 RESULTS………………………………………………………………………………...8 DISCUSSION……………………………………………………………………………27 REFERENCES…………………………………………………………………………..30 APPENDICES…………………………………………………………………………...31 Appendix A: Questionnaire………………………………..………………...….31 3
  • 4. Running Head: Sexual Relationships Abstract The purpose of this study is to examine the sexual relationship between male and female within their satisfaction of their partner’s sexual practices. This study sought to determine how much communication there is in a sexual relationship. The hypothesis of this study stated that in a sexual relationship, women tend to hide their lack of sexual pleasure more than men. In order to retrieve this information, a survey was conducted. With this survey of self-reported sexual satisfaction for both males and females (mean age = 20), we found that the males’ level of sexual satisfaction is higher than females’. We found that many women fake orgasms to please their partners, but this may end up having exactly the opposite effect. It means that females are less open when it comes to communicating what they do not like. However, an open and frank exchange of feelings during sexual activities will bring about more sexual satisfaction for both parties. As from our research, most of the males are somewhat satisfied with their sex partner within their sexual interaction and intercourse. These findings suggest that couples should have more communication amongst each other to achieve a more satisfied sexual relationship. 4
  • 5. Running Head: Sexual Relationships Introduction Mating is a phenomenon that has taken place for eons between not only humans but other animals. Sex is considered to be a ‘sensitive’ topic to talk about. In many societies, sexual conversations are tabooed. When children ask about where babies come from, parents tell them ‘fictional stories’ to avoid the truth. It is only recently that schools have implemented sex education, where children are taught about sex, contraception and reproduction. However it should be noted, that not all schools teach sex education because it is uncomfortable to talk about. For this reason, sexual awareness is limited and is learnt through experience and what the media would like people to believe. However in some societies it is not unheard of, where friends talk about their sexual experiences amongst each other. This can prove to be beneficial. According to Chen Lizra in a country such as Cuba, there is no advertising, so there is nothing that distorts the body image. What attributes what a person feels about sexuality is dependent on their environment and their home (Lizra, 2013). As a result of the stigma of sex being hard to talk about, there is a lack of communication between people who are sexually involved. People therefore hide crucial information that would make their sexual relationships better. Or rely on unrealistic information acquired from the media. Sigmund Freud is well-known for his theories in sexology. One of the first theories Sigmund developed viewed women as men without penises (Cohler & Galatzer-Levy, 2008) according to early Freudian theory, “since women don’t have a penis, however, they experience ‘penis envy’, which is the jealousy little girls feel towards boys and the resentment towards their mothers (whom they blame for not having a penis).” (Fraize N., Kerrigan L., McFatridge K., Nadifi A., n/a) Sigmund Freud engaged in sexual activities in order to birth to boys to “gain” a penis. In addition he believed women were sexually passive because they had underdeveloped superegos. This implies that women are morally inferior to men (Schultz & Schultz, 2009). It is thoughts such as these that are assumed which result in grey areas when it comes to sex. This research investigates the struggles people have in communicating what they feel in a sexual relationship. It further investigates which sex feels the need to hide their lack of sexual pleasure and the possible reasons as to why such behavior is exercised. 5
  • 6. Running Head: Sexual Relationships Method Design The research was carried out through the use of surveys. The survey aimed to collect quantitative data which could be analyzed with the aid for numerals and graphs to prove whether the hypothesis is true. The independent variable in this experiment is the sex of the participants. The controlled variable is the type of participant taking part in the survey, such that they are sexually active. There are several dependent variables in this survey which is the sexual activity of the participants. Participants The participants that took place in this research come from a diverse range of ethnic backgrounds. The research was in the form of a survey. This method was used in order to give the participants a sense of privacy while obtaining sensitive information about their sexual experiences. In addition while filling a survey; participants are less likely to give false information, as a survey does not require the identities of the participants. The participants targeted for this research were those who are sexually active and who were recently in a relationship or are currently in a relationship. There are a total of 52 participants that took part in this research. There were 27 male and 25 female participants. Apparatus/ Material This research was carried out over the internet through an online survey form. Through the internet, participants remain completely anonymous therefore meeting any ethical requirements. In addition, by doing a survey through the internet, participants are not obligated in any way to fill the survey if they are not comfortable to do so. The researchers chose this mode to research to ensure the data retrieved is safe and password protected to ensure all information is kept in confidence and cannot be misplaced. Social networking site such as Facebook and Twitter were used to send out the survey. (Refer to appendix) 6
  • 7. Running Head: Sexual Relationships Procedure Numerous meetings had been organised by the researchers to discuss and choose the topic of the survey. Sexual Relationship had been chosen to be the topic after which the researchers thought of a more in depth research question. A survey was drafted and edited after discussion. There were 20 questions in the survey. The participants were told of the sensitivity of the survey before taking the survey, without their consent they could not carry on with the survey. However all questions were drafted in a way that if the participant did not want to answer a question, they could skip the question and answer the next. 7
  • 8. Running Head: Sexual Relationships Results Table 1 Age classes 18 to 20 21 to 23 24 to 26 27 to 29 30 or older Total Number of people 43 3 4 1 1 52 Figure 1 Age 50 45 40 No of people 35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 18 to 20 21 to 23 24 to 26 27 to 29 30 or older Age Class In this survey 82.69% of the people were between the ages of 18 to 20. The mean, median and mode of the age of the participants is between 18 to 20 years old. 8
  • 9. Running Head: Sexual Relationships Table 2 Sex Female Male Total No of people 25 27 52 Figure 2 No of males and females 25 27 Female Male In the research there are 2 more males than females that participated in this survey. Females were adamant to fill the survey. 9
  • 10. Running Head: Sexual Relationships Table 3 Sexual No of people orientation Heterosexual 45 Homosexual 2 Bisexual 3 Figure 3 Sexual orientation 2 3 Heterosexual Homosexual Bisexual 45 In this survey there were 2 homosexuals and 3 bisexuals. The sexual orientation of the homosexuals and bisexual are noted but are inconclusive as there is not enough people to come to a concensus. The majority of participants (90%) are heterosexuals. 10
  • 11. Running Head: Sexual Relationships Table 4 Relationship status Married widowed Divorced Separated In a domestic partnership or civil union Single but cohabitation Single, Never married number of people 5 0 0 1 6 17 23 Figure 4 Relatioship Status No of people 25 20 15 10 5 0 Status It is surprising to note that in this research, 44.23% are single. However 32.69% are single but cohabitation. 11
  • 12. Running Head: Sexual Relationships Table 5 Religions No of people 9 22 2 26 Islam Christianity Judaism Buddhism Hinduism 5 Taoism 8 other Total 2 52 Figure 5 Religions 8 2 9 Islam Christianity 5 Judaism 22 Buddhism Hinduism Taoism 26 2 other The largest portion of people who participated in this survey were Buddhists, which is 50% of the participants. The next most common religion is christianity 42.31%. Reasons for this could be because there are stringent laws on religions such as islam where sexual intercourse before marriage is prohibited and anyone who is sexually active before marriage will not participate in such a research. 12
  • 13. Running Head: Sexual Relationships Table 6 age of commencement of sexual activity 14 to 16 17 to 19 20 to 22 23 to 25 25 to 27 total no of people 21 15 8 5 3 52 Figure 6 Age participants became sexually active No of people 25 20 15 10 5 0 14 to 16 17 to 19 20 to 22 23 to 25 25 to 27 Age Group 40% of the Participants became sexually active at the age of between 14 to 16 years. As the age group increases the amount of participants that became sexually active decreases. Accoriding to the age group, the older participants became secually after at a later age than the 18 to 10 year olds. 13
  • 14. Running Head: Sexual Relationships Table 7 Commencement of sexual activity in females 14 - 16 17 - 19 20 - 22 23- 25 25- 27 No of females 9 6 4 5 1 Figure 7 No of females Age females became sexually active 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 14 - 16 17 - 19 20 - 22 23- 25 25- 27 Age group The majority of females (36%) became sexually active between the age range 14 to 16. However there is still a great deal of distribution withing the other years where women became sexually active. 14
  • 15. Running Head: Sexual Relationships Table 8 Commencement of sexual activity in males 14 - 16 17 - 19 20 - 22 23- 25 25- 27 No of males 12 9 4 0 2 Figure 8 Age males became sexually active 14 No of males 12 10 8 6 4 2 0 14 - 16 17 - 19 20 - 22 23- 25 25- 27 Age Group 40% of the males became sexually active between the ages of 14 to 16 years. Generally with the males, most males became sexually active in the younger age groups. With the exception of 2 people in the age group 25 to 27 years 15
  • 16. Running Head: Sexual Relationships Table 9 Amount of sexual intercourse in a month no of people 1 to 5 times 5 to 10 times 10+ times 30 9 13 Figure 9 Sexual intercourse in a month 35 No of people 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 1 to 5 times 5 to 10 times 10+ times amount of sexual intercourse in a month According to the results of the survey, 57.6% of the participants have sexual intercourse between 1 to 5 times in a week. This is surprising due to the fact that the majority of participant who have taken this survey are between the ages of 18 and 20 year. Therefore at a youthful ripe age it is expected that the participants would have intercourse 10+ times in a month. Table 10 16
  • 17. Running Head: Sexual Relationships Amount of sexual intercourse in a month No of (female) females 1 to 5 times 5 to 10 times 10+ times 13 7 5 Figure 10 Amount of intercourse in a month (females) 14 No of females 12 10 8 6 4 2 0 1 to 5 times 5 to 10 times 10+ times Amount of sexual intercourse in a month Unlike the males, 48% of women have sexual intercourse more than 5 times in a month . The majority of women (52%) have intercourse 1 to 5 times in a month 17
  • 18. Running Head: Sexual Relationships Table 11 Amount of sexual intercourse in a month (male) 1 to 5 times 5 to 10 times 10+ times No of males 17 2 8 Figure 11 No of males No of males 18 16 14 12 10 8 6 4 2 0 1 to 5 times 5 to 10 times 10+ times Amount of sexual intercourse in a month (males) 37% of men have intercourse more than 5 times in a week which is 11% less than women. Most men Have intercourse between 1 to 5 times in a month. 18
  • 19. Running Head: Sexual Relationships Table 12 (total) Have you ever had to fake pleasure have you ever had to fake an orgasm Has your partner ever hurt you in sexual activities and you could not tell them N Ye Tot o s al 35 16 51 37 13 50 39 11 50 Figure 12 No of people Pleasure 45 40 35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 No Yes Have you ever had to have you ever had to Has your partner fake pleasure fake an orgasm ever hurt you in sexual activities and you could not tell them While looking at the results for both the male and female participants, it is evident that most people do not have the need to fake pleasure and an orgasm. It is also evident that most participants could tell their partner if they are being hurt in any sexual activities. 19
  • 20. Running Head: Sexual Relationships Table 13 – Female pleasure No Have you ever had to fake pleasure have you ever had to fake an orgasm Has your partner ever hurt you in sexual activities and you could not tell them Yes 5 5 1 19 19 23 Figure 13 Pleasure (females) 25 No of females 20 15 No 10 Yes 5 0 Have you ever had to fake have you ever had to fake Has your partner ever hurt pleasure an orgasm you in sexual activities and you could not tell them According to the figure above most women (79%) do have to fake pleasure and an orgasm. In addition 95.8% of women could not tell their partniers when they were being hurt during sexual intercourse 20
  • 21. Running Head: Sexual Relationships Table 14 – Pleasure in males No Yes 15 10 18 7 16 9 Have you ever had to fake pleasure have you ever had to fake an orgasm Has your partner ever hurt you in sexual activities and you could not tell them Figure 14 No of males Pleasure (Males) 20 18 16 14 12 10 8 6 4 2 0 No Yes Have you ever have you ever had to fake had to fake an pleasure orgasm Has your partner ever hurt you in sexual activities and you could not tell them The results for the males are opposite to the results of the females. Most males have not had to fake pleasure. According to the survey there is a controvertial figure where 7males claimed to have faked an orgasm. 21
  • 22. Running Head: Sexual Relationships Table 15- Females Most of the time I find myself missing passion and oomph in my relationships My partner satisfies my sexual needs Including hugging, touching, kissing and intercourse I am satisfied with my partners sexual practices (positions, flirting, stimulation etc) I am satisfied in my partners and my choice in sexual contraception My partner is creative when it comes to Love making I am satisfied with the length of our sexual encounters My partner reciprocates when i sexually please them I feel comfortable about my body around my partner I feel like my partner loves me unconditionally Often Sometimes Rarely Almost Never 2 3 11 1 7 4 7 9 3 3 5 6 7 3 3 5 6 6 4 3 3 6 7 4 4 5 4 8 3 4 6 2 8 5 4 8 3 7 2 4 2 10 9 2 3 Table 16- Males Most of the time I find myself missing passion and oomph in my relationships My partner satisfies my sexual needs including hugging, touching, kissing and intercourse I am satisfied with my partners sexual practices (positions, flirting, stimulation etc) I am satisfied in my partners and my choice in sexual contraception My partner is creative when it comes to love making I am satisfied with the length of our sexual encounters My partner reciprocates when i sexually please them I feel comfortable about my body around my partner I feel like my partner loves me unconditionally Often Sometimes Rarely 4 2 7 Almost Never 5 7 13 4 5 1 3 12 7 7 0 0 13 4 9 0 0 12 5 10 2 3 11 9 5 0 0 12 7 7 0 0 18 2 3 3 3 8 11 6 1 1 22
  • 23. Running Head: Sexual Relationships Figure 15 I find myself missing passion and oomph in my relationships 12 No of people 10 8 females 6 4 males 2 0 Most of the time Often Sometimes Rarely Almost Never While Most males either almost never or sometimes fine themselves missing passing and oomph in their relationship, Most women feel as though sometimes the fine themselves missing passion and oomph in their relationships. Figure 16 My partner satisfies my sexual needs 14 no of people 12 10 8 female 6 male 4 2 0 Most of the time Often Sometimes Rarely Almost Never 50% of the time males have partners that satisfy their sexual needs. However the majority of women say that only sometimes are their sexual needs satisfied. 23
  • 24. Running Head: Sexual Relationships Figure 17 I am satisfied with my partners sexual practices 14 no of people 12 10 females 8 6 males 4 2 0 Most of the time Often Sometimes Rarely Almost Never Males are mostly satisfied with the sexual practices of their partners, However the distribution of female answers vary into all 3 options. Most women say they are sometimes satisfied with their partners sexual practices. Figure 18 I am satisfied with my partner and my choice in contraception 14 No of people 12 10 females 8 6 males 4 2 0 Most of the time Often Sometimes Rarely Almost Never In this research males are mostly happy with the choice of contracention. However unlike the males, 29% of females are noy satiffied with the choice of contraception. 24
  • 25. Running Head: Sexual Relationships Figure 19 My partner is creative when it comes to love making 14 No of people 12 10 females 8 6 males 4 2 0 Most of the time Often Sometimes Rarely Almost Never 44% of males are satisfied with how creative their partner is when it comes to come making. However once again the dispersion of the female responses vary. Most women think it is only sometimes that their partner is creative when it comes to love making. Figure 20 I am satisfied with the length of our sexual encounters 12 No of people 10 8 female 6 4 male 2 0 Most of the time Often Sometimes Rarely Almost Never Women are generally not satfied with the length of their sexual encounters. However most men are sexually satisfies by the length of their sexual encounters. 25
  • 26. Running Head: Sexual Relationships Figure 21 My partner reciprocates when i sexually please them 14 No of people 12 10 8 6 Females 4 males 2 0 Most of the time Often Sometimes Rarely Almost Never 32% of the female participants state that ther rarely get recipocatio. Furthermore according to the results males are generally content with recipocatio. Figure 22 I feel comfortable about my body around my partner no of people 20 15 10 female male 5 0 Most of the time Often Sometimes Rarely Almost Never Due to the pressure of societ there are not many females who are satisfied and confident about the bodies of people. Most males are comfortable in their own skin 26
  • 27. Running Head: Sexual Relationships Discussion The results indicate that the hypothesis that women tend to hide their lack of sexual satisfaction more than men. According to
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