Project Management Achieving Competitive Advantage 3rd Edition Pinto Solutions Manual

Project Management Achieving Competitive Advantage 3rd Edition Pinto Solutions Manual
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  Project Management Achieving Competitive Advantage 3rd Edition Pinto Solutions Manual Link full   hoIaSW3f2RlDfmOF/view?usp=sharing   News Vietnam War Chi ế n tranh Vi ệ t Nam (Vietnamese) Part of the Indochina Wars and the Cold War VNWarMontage.png Clockwise, from top left: U.S. combat operations in Ia Đrăng, ARVN Rangers defending Saigon during the 1968 T ế t Offensive, two A-4C Skyhawks after the Gulf of Tonkin incident, ARVN recapture Qu ả ng Tr  ị  during the 1972 Easter Offensive, civilians fleeing the 1972 Battle of Qu ả ng Tr  ị , and burial of 300 victims of the 1968 Hu ế  Massacre. Date 1 November 1955[A 1]  –   30 April 1975 (19 years, 5 months, 4 weeks and 1 day) Location South Vietnam, North Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos, South China Sea, Gulf of Thailand Result  North Vietnamese victory   Vietnamese civilian dead: 627,000  –  2,000,000[44][70][71] Vietnamese total dead: 966,000[43]  –  3,812,000[72] Cambodian Civil War dead: 275,000  –  310,000[73][74][75] Laotian Civil War dead: 20,000  –  62,000[72]  Non-Indochinese military dead: 65,494 Total dead: 1,326,494  –  4,249,494 For more information see Vietnam War casualties and Aircraft losses of the Vietnam War a Upper figure initial estimate, later thought to be inflated by at least 30% (lower figure), possibly includes civilians misidentified as combatants, see Vietnam War body count controversy[43][49] vte Indochina Wars vte Military engagements during the Vietnam War vte Massacres of the Vietnam War The Vietnam War (Vietnamese: Chi ế n tranh Vi ệ t Nam), also known as the Second Indochina War,[76] and in Vietnam as the Resistance War Against America (Vietnamese: Kháng chi ế n ch ố ng M ỹ ) or simply the American War, was a conflict that occurred in Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia from 1 November 1955[A 1] to the fall of Saigon on 30  April 1975. It was the second of the Indochina Wars and was officially fought between North Vietnam and the government of South Vietnam. The North Vietnamese army was supported by the Soviet Union, China,[29] and other communist allies; the South Vietnamese army was supported by the United States, South Korea, the Philippines, Australia, Thailand and other anti-communist allies.[77] The war is considered a Cold War-era proxy war by some US perspectives.[78] The war would last approximately 19 years and would also form the Laotian Civil War as well as the Cambodian Civil War, which resulted in all 3 countries becoming communist states in 1975. There are several competing views on the conflict. Some on the North Vietnamese and National Liberation Front side view the struggle against U.S. forces as a colonial war and a continuation of the First Indochina War against forces from France and later on the United States,[79] especially in light of the failed 1954 Geneva Conference calls for elections. Other interpretations of the North Vietnamese side include viewing it as a civil war, especially in the early and later phases following the U.S. interlude between 1965 and 1970,[80] as well as a war of liberation.[79] In the perspective of some, the Provisional Revolutionary Government of the Republic of South Vietnam, the successor to the Vi ệ t C ộ ng, was motivated in part by significant social changes in the post-World War II Vietnam, and had initially seen it as a revolutionary war supported by Hanoi.[81][82] The pro-government side in South Vietnam viewed it as a civil war, a defensive war against communism,[80][83] or were motivated to fight to defend their homes and families.[84] The U.S. government viewed its involvement in the war as a way to prevent a communist takeover of South Vietnam. This  was part of the domino theory of a wider containment policy, with the stated aim of stopping the spread of communism.[85] Beginning in 1950, American military advisors arrived in what was then French Indochina.[86][A 3] Most of the funding for the French war effort was provided by the U.S.[87] The Vi ệ t C ộ ng, also known as Front national de libération du Sud-Viêt Nam or FNL (the National Liberation Front), a South Vietnamese communist common front aided  by the North, fought a guerrilla war against anti-communist forces in the region, while the People's Army of Vietnam, also known as the  North Vietnamese Army (NVA), engaged in more conventional warfare, and had launched armed struggles from 1959 onward. U.S. involvement escalated in 1960 under President John F. Kennedy, with troop levels gradually surging under the MAAG program from just under a thousand in 1959 to 16,000 in 1963.[88][89] By 1964 there were 23,000 U.S. troops in Vietnam, but this escalated further following the 1964 Gulf of Tonkin incident, in which a U.S. destroyer was alleged to have clashed with North Vietnamese fast attack craft. In response the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution gave Lyndon B. Johnson authorization to increase U.S. military presence, deploying ground combat units for the first time and increasing troop levels to 184,000.[88] Every year onward there was significant build-up despite little progress, with Robert McNamara, one of the principal architects of the war, beginning to express doubts of victory by the end of 1966.[90] U.S. and South Vietnamese forces relied on air superiority and overwhelming firepower to conduct search and destroy operations, involving ground forces, artillery, and airstrikes. The U.S. conducted
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