Creative Writing

Makalah Android

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  1 CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION OF ANDROID Android is a Linux-based operating system designed primarily for touchscreen mobile devices such as smartphones and tablet computers. Initially developed by Android, Inc., which Google backed financially and later bought in 2005, Android was unveiled in 2007 along with the founding of the Open Handset Alliance: a consortium of hardware, software, and telecommunication companies devoted to advancing open standards for mobile devices. The first Androidpowered phone was sold in October 2008. Android is open source and Google releases the code under the Apache License. This open source code and  permissive licensing allows the software to be freely modified and distributed by device manufacturers, wireless carriers and enthusiast developers. Additionally, Android has a large community of developers writing applications ( apps ) that extend the functionality of devices, written primarily in a customized version of the Java programming language. In October 2012, there were approximately 700,000 apps available for Android, and the estimated number of applications downloaded from Google Play, Android's primary app store, was 25 billion. These factors have contributed towards making Android the world's most widely used smartphone platform, overtaking Symbian in the fourth quarter of 2010, and the software of choice for technology companies who require a low-cost, customizable, lightweight operating system for high tech devices without developing one from scratch. As a result, despite being primarily designed for phones and tablets, it has seen additional applications on televisions, games consoles, digital cameras and other electronics. Android's open nature has further encouraged a large community of developers and enthusiasts to use the open source code as a foundation for community-driven projects, which add new features for advanced users or bring Android to devices which were officially released running other operating systems.  2 Android had a worldwide smartphone market share of 75% during the third quarter of 2012, with 750 million devices activated in total and 1.5 million activations per day. The operating system's success has made it a target for patent litigation as part of the so-called smartphone wars between technology companies. As of May 2013, a total of 900 million Android devices have been activated and 48 billion apps have been installed from the Google Play store.  3 CHAPTER II SENTENCE ANALYSIS OF ANDROID Android (Subject)   is a Linux-based operating system (adjectives)   designed primarily (Adjectives)   for (Coordinating Conjunctions)   touchscreen mobile devices (Countable Nouns)   such as (Subordinating Conjunctions)   smartphones (Countable Nouns)   and (Coordinating Conjunctions)   tablet computers (Countable Nouns).  Initially (Prepositions)   developed (Verb)   by Android, Inc., (Object)   which (Conjunctions)   Google backed financially (Adverb)   and (Coordinating Conjunctions)   later bought in 2005 (Adverb),  Android (Subject)   was (Conjunctions)   unveiled in 2007 (Adverb)   along (Prepositions)   with the (Conjunctions)   founding (Adjectives)   of the (Conjunctions)   Open Handset Alliance (Adverb):   a consortium (Subject)   of (Conjunctions)   hardware, software, (Nouns)   and (Coordinating Conjunctions)   telecommunication companies devoted (Nouns)   to (Conjunctions)   advancing open standards (Adverb)   for (Coordinating Conjunctions)   mobile devices (Object).  The first (Prepositions)   Android powered phone (Subject)   was (Conjunctions)   sold (Verbs)   in (Conjunctions)   October 2008 (Adverbs).  Android (Subject)   is (Conjunctions) open source (Adverbs) and (Coordinating Conjunctions)   Google (Subject)   releases (Verbs)   the (Conjunctions)   code (Nouns)   under the (Conjunctions)   Apache License (Adverbs).  This open source code (Prepositions)   and (Coordinating Conjunctions)   permissive licensing (Adverbs)   allows (Conjunctions)   the software (Nouns)   to be (Conjunctions)   freely modified (Adverbs)   and (Coordinating Conjunctions)   distributed (Verbs)   by (Conjunctions)   device manufacturers, wireless carriers and (Coordinating Conjunctions)   enthusiast developers (Object).    4 Additionally (Prepositions),  Android (Subject)   has a (Conjunctions)   large community (Adverbs)   of (Conjunctions)   developers writing (Verbs)   applications (Nouns) ( apps )   that extend the (Conjunctions)   functionality (Adjectibes)   of (Conjunctions)   devices (Nouns),  written primarily (Prepositions)   in a (Conjunctions)   customized version (Adverbs)   of the (Conjunctions)   Java  programming language (Adverbs). In October 2012 (Prepositions),  there were approximately (Pronouns)   700,000 apps (Adverbs)   available (Adjectives)   for (Coordinating Conjunctions)   Android (Object),  and (Coordinating Conjunctions)   the estimated (Adjectives)   number of (Pronouns)   applications (Nouns)   downloaded (Verbs)   from (Prepositions)   Google Play (Object),  Android's (Subject)   primary app store, was 25 billion (Adverbs). These factors (Prepositions)   have (Conjunctions)   contributed (Verbs)   towards (Pronouns)   making (Verbs)   Android the world's most widely used smartphone platform (Adverbs),  overtaking (Verbs)   Symbian (Object)   in the (Conjunctions)   fourth quarter of 2010 (Adverbs), and (Coordinating Conjunctions)   the software (Nouns)   of (Conjunctions)   choice for (Coordinating Conjunctions)   technology companies (Adverbs)   who require a low-cost (Adverbs),  customizable (Adverbs),  light weight operating system (Adverbs)   for (Coordinating Conjunctions)   high tech devices (Adverbs)   without (Conjunctions)   developing one from (Prepositions)   scratch (Adverbs).  As a result, despite (Prepositions)   being (Conjunctions)   primarily designed (Verbs)   for (Coordinating Conjunctions)   phones (Nouns)   and (Coordinating Conjunctions)   tablets (Nouns),  it has seen (Prepositions)   additional applications (Nouns)   on televisions (Adverbs),  games consoles (Nouns),  digital cameras (Nouns)   and (Coordinating Conjunctions)   other electronics (Adverbs).
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