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Identifying Parts of Speech

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  IDENTIFYING PARTS OF SPEECHNOUN:  A word that names a person, place, thing, idea, animal, quality, or action. Nouns function as thesubject of the sentence. They also function as objects, complements, and modifiers. Examples: child, John, New York, books, pia, lo!e, pony, generosity Edwin , my brother  , is a professional musician . VERB:  A word denoting action, occurrence, or e istence. Examples: ran, jump, shout, sweat, thinks, feels, sleeps, eat, laugh, are, is, was, has The President met with foreign diplomats on Tuesday. DETERMINERS: #ords which occur directly before a noun tell us a bit about it and introduce it. Thefour types of determiners are$ ã Articles:  A word that is used before a noun and functions as an adjecti!e Examples: The %definite article&, a and an %indefinite articles& The bees that were on the flowers stung Kaye.  A man gave us directions to the airport. '  A is used before a noun beginning with a consonant sound(  An article in the paper caught my attention. '  An is used before a noun beginning with a !owel sound( ã Possessives: These indicate ownership.  Ex! le: The girl)s bag is new. ã De!o#strtives: These point to someone or something. * ample$ This is my car. ã $%#ti&iers: +ndicate amount or quantity. Ex! le:  ome people like tea. AD'ECTIVE:  A word that modifies, qualifies or describes nouns and pronouns. -enerally, adjecti!esappear immediately before the words they modify. Examples: pretty girl, talented doctor, young athlete, blue book The small child begged for a bedtime story. PREPOSITION:  A word that establishes a relationship between its object and another word in thesentence. The relationship can be one of time, space, direction, place accompaniment, cause, or manner. Examples: on, between, down, in, of, since, to %not a complete list& Jack sat beside Jill on the bus. CON'UNCTION:  A word that functions as a connector between words, phrases, and clauses. There arecoordinating, correlating, and subordinating conjunctions. Examples: for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so %coordinating&when, until after, before, although %subordinating& I work parttime although I don!t need the money. PRONOUN:  A word that takes the position of a noun and functions as nouns do. Examples: he, she, it myself, me, theirs, ours, we, you, yours He attended a luncheon in his honour on ednesday. ADVERB:  A word that modifies !erbs, adjecti!es and other ad!erbs. An /ly/ ending almost alwayschanges an adjecti!e to an ad!erb. Examples: spoke quickly, ran hastily, worked frantically Kelly reluctantl  y agreed to serve on my committee. 0any ad!erbs do not end in /ly./ 1owe!er, all ad!erbs identify when, where, how, how far, how much,etc. Examples: hang low, stand straight, added wrong, study hard Kelly never loses her temper. INTER'ECTION:  An e clamation e pressing emotion. Examples: #ow2 1elp2 top2 3uch2 Wow  # $ook at all the snow. 4  TIPS TO HE(P YOU RECOGNI)E PARTS OF SPEECHNOUN The word is probably a noun if$ ã You can make it plural or singular %one book, two books & ã You can make it possessi!e %book, book5s pages6 girl, girls5 dresses& ã +t can follow a prepositional phrase such as to the, with the, from the. ã You can place the word a , an , or the in front of it. VERB The word is probably a !erb if$You can use will, shall, can, could, may, might, must, should  , or would in front of the word. Examples: will come, could go, would miss AD'ECTIVE The word is probably an adjecti!e if$ ã You can add er or est to the word %happy77happier77happiest& ã You can use more or most in front of it %beautiful77more beautiful77most beautiful& ã You can use the words very or uite in front of it %she wore a !ery bright, daring costume& PREPOSITION These words must be followed by a noun object. 8repositions only occur inprepositional phrases. %This is not a complete list& abo!e as by e cept o!er uponacross because of concerning near past !iaagainst before despite of since withalong behind down off from withinamid between due to on below throughoutamong beyond during out under througharound but at outside until for  CON'UNCTION The word is probably a conjunction if$The word ser!es as a connector between words, phrases, or clauses. %There are coordinatingcorrelating, and subordinating conjunctions.& Example: 'e was not handsome, yet he was a very successful actor  .The young boy ran quickly down the street, and he yelled, /1elp2/ PRONOUN The word is probably a pronoun if$You can substitute the word for a noun Examples: me, mine, you, he, her, it, we, these, one, e!erybody %not a complete list& ADVERB The word is probably an ad!erb if$ ã There is an ly suffi %happily& ã The word or phrase can be mo!ed to another place in the sentence and still make sense Examples: 1e usually goes to school. or 9sually, he goes to school. or 1e goes to school usually. :
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