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glosario de ingles.docx

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Glossary 1. Drilling rig: It is a machine used to drill deep holes in the ground, in order to drain a geological site in the most economical and fastest way possible. 2. Well: A well is a hole, excavation or vertical tunnel that pierces the earth to a depth sufficient to achieve what is sought is a reserve of groundwater from an aquifer or fluid such as oil. 3. Oil: is a homogeneous mixture of organic compounds, primarily hydrocarbons insoluble in water 4. Natural gas: It is one of
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    Glossary 1.   Drilling rig: It is a machine used to drill deep holes in the ground, in order to drain a geological site in the most economical and fastest way possible. 2.   Well: A well is a hole, excavation or vertical tunnel that pierces the earth to a depth sufficient to achieve what is sought is a reserve of groundwater from an aquifer or fluid such as oil. 3.   Oil: is a homogeneous mixture of organic compounds, primarily hydrocarbons insoluble in water 4.    Natural gas: It is one of several important non-renewable energy sources that is a mixture of light gases found in oil deposits. 5.   Oil reservoir: is a natural accumulation of hydrocarbons in the subsurface, contained in porous or fractured rocks (reservoir rock) 6.   Gasoline:is a mixture of aliphatic hydrocarbon oil obtained by fractional distillation, which is used as fuel in internal combustion engines with conventional spark ignition or compression. 7.   Road: es una vía de dominio y uso público, proyectada y construida fundamentalmente para la circulación de vehículos automóviles.  8.   Plastic: in its most general meaning, is applied to the substances of similar structures lacking a fixed point of evaporation and possess, over a temperature range of elasticity and flexibility properties allowing mold them and adapt to different shapes and applications. 9.   Permeability: Permeability is the ability of a material to allow magnetic flux to pass through without altering its internal structure. 10.   Porosity: The porosity or void fraction is a measure of void spaces in a material. 11.   Rock: rock is called the association of one or more mineral, natural, inorganic, heterogeneous and variable chemical composition, no particular geometric shape, as a result of a geological process defined 12.   Completion:Means to set completion or termination of work done in a well after the drilling or during repair. 13.   Production: is one of the processes involved in good feasibility possess different fields to be exploited, by the fact that from this (production) is exploited and actually get the oil to market. 14.   Engineering: is the set of knowledge and scientific techniques applied to development, implementation, maintenance and improvement of structures (both physical and theoretical) for the resolution of problems affecting the daily activities of society. 15.   Geology:is the science that studies the composition and internal structure of the Earth, and the processes by which it has evolved over geologic time. 16.   Sand: is a set of disintegrated rock particles. 17.   Crown block: is the stationary section of a block and tackle that contains a set of pulleys or sheaves through which the drill line is threaded and is opposite and above the traveling block. 18.   Traveling block:an arrangement of pulleys, or sheaves, through which drilling cable is reeved, which moves up or down in the derrick or mast. 19.   Standpipe (drilling rig): Thick metal tubing, situated vertically along a derrick, that facilitates the flow of drilling fluid and has attached to it and supports one end of a Kelly hose. 20.   Rotary hose: the hose on a rotary drilling rig that conducts the drilling fluid from the mud pump and standpipe to the swivel and Kelly; also called the mud hose or the Kelly hose. It is a steel-reinforced, flexible hose that is installed  between the standpipe and the swivel or top drive. 21.   Fuel tanks: are safe container for flammable liquids and typically part of an engine system in which the fuel is stored and propelled or released into an engine. 22.   Swivel: is a mechanical device used on a drilling rig that hangs directly under the traveling block and directly above the Kelly, that provides the ability for the Kelly to rotate while allowing the traveling block to remain in a stationary rotationalposition while simultaneously allowing the introduction of drilling fluid into the drill string. 23.   Drill-pipe racks: horizontal supports for tubular goods. 24.   Drill pipe: the heavy seamless tubing used to rotate the bit and circulate the drilling fluid. Joints of pipe are generally approximately 30 feet long are coupled together by means of tool joints. 25.   Mud pits: srcinally, an open pit dug in the ground to hold drilling fluid or waste materials discarded after the treatment of drilling mud. 26.   Mud pumps: a large, high-pressure reciprocating pump used to circulate the mud on a drilling rig. 27.   Bit: the cutting or boring element used in drilling oil and gas wells. 28.   Kelly: square or hexagonal steel member suspended from the swivel through the rotary table and connected to the topmost joint of drill pipe to turn the drill stem as the rotary table turns. 29.   Draw works: The machine on the rig consisting of a large-diameter steel spool, brakes, a power source and assorted auxiliary devices.  30.   Engine: is a machine designed to convert energy into useful mechanical motion. In common usage, an engine burns or otherwise consumes fuel, and is differentiated from an electric machine that derives power without changing the composition of matter. 31.   Rotary table: is a mechanical device on a drilling rig that provides rotational force to the drill string to facilitate the  process of drilling a borehole. 32.   Conductor pipe: is a large diameter pile that is set into the ground to provide the initial stable structural foundation for a  borehole or oil well. 33.   Borehole: the wellbore itself, including the open hole or uncased portion of the well. Borehole may refer to the inside diameter of the wellbore wall, the rock face that bounds the drilled hole. 34.   Pressure: is a physical quantity that measures the projection of the perpendicular force per unit area, and serves to characterize how a given resultant force is applied on a line. 35.   Density: is a scalar relating to the quantity of mass in a given volume of a substance. The average density is the ratio of the mass of a body and the volume it occupies. 36.   Dew point or dew point temperature: is the temperature at which it begins to condense water vapor contained in the air, causing dew, fog, or, in case the temperature is sufficiently low, frost. 37.   the bubble point: Pressure and temperature conditions at which the first bubble leaves the gas in solution in oil. When discovered, all oils from the oil fields containing some natural gas in solution. Often the oil is saturated with gas when discovered, which means that oil is holding all the gas can to the temperature and pressure of the reservoir and is at its  bubble point. Occasionally, oil isundersaturated. In this case, as the pressure is lowered, the pressure at which the gas first begins to develop from petroleum. 38.    boiling point: is that temperature at which the vapor pressure of the liquid equals the vapor pressure of the medium in which it is located; I mean that's the temperature at which matter changes from liquid to gaseous state. 39.   Decrease: Serving consumed naturally or subtracted from one thing. 40.   Temperature: Thermodynamic quantity that expresses the state of different things heat. 41.   Viscosity: is opposed by a fluid shear deformation is due to the molecular cohesion forces. All known viscosity fluids exhibit some. 42.   Liquid: is a state of matter in the form of highly incompressible fluid which means that its volume is fairly accurate in a large pressure range. It is the only state with a definite volume but no fixed shape. 43.   Water: is a substance the molecule consists of two atoms of hydrogen and oxygen (H2O). Is essential for the survival of all known forms of life. 44.   Volume: is a scalar defined as the three-dimensional extension of a region of space. Is a quantity derived from the length, since it is found by multiplying the length, width and height 45.   Gravity: is one of the four fundamental interactions. The acceleration that causes a physical body in the vicinity of an astronomical object. Also called gravitational interaction and gravitation.  46.   Phase: differentiation of components of a chemical solution or a chemical multicomponent system. 47.   Barrel: a hollow cylindrical container of wood, metal or plastic which serves as the storage of liquids or solids. 48.   Trap: is a geological structure that makes possible the accumulation and concentration of oil, keeping it trapped and unable to escape from the pores of a permeable underground rock. 49.   Soil: to the surface of the biologically active crust, which comes from the physical and chemical breakdown or alteration of rocks and waste from the activities of living beings that sit on it 50.   Shale: is a clastic or detrital sedimentary rock of pelitic, varied texture; ie comprising particles comprise clastic debris sizes clay and silt. 51.   Sandstone: is a clastic sedimentary rock type, variable color, containing clasts of sand size. After shales are the most common sedimentary rocks in the crust. 52.   Environment: called everything that surrounds a living thing. Environment conditions especially affecting the life circumstances of people or society as a whole 53.   Work: is the activity performed by man, with the goal of getting something in return, ie remuneration; so much that hires the worker for a task, as the worker himself, enjoying each other. When the job is done involuntarily, it is talking about forced labor. 54.   Machine: is a set of mobile and fixed elements whose operation possible advantage, direct, regulate or transform energy or do work for a specific purpose.  55.   Cuenca: territorial space is limited by the highest parts of the mountains, slopes and hills, in which a surface drainage system that concentrates its waters into a larger main river joins the sea, lake or another river develops 56.   Price: the payment or reward assigned to obtain a good or service or, more generally, any commodity. 57.   Map: is a graphical representation of a measuring portion on a generally two-dimensional surface area, but which may also be spherical as in globes. 58.   Limit: is a division, whether physical or symbolic, marking a separation between two territories or nations. 59.   Macolla: word used Venezuelan oil An clump consists of 24 wells, each of which produces about 1,200 barrels, so that each cluster will produce 40,000 barrels Meeting on when at work. 60.   Borehole: a man-made hole in the ground to reach a liquid. 61.   Interpretation: is the fact that content material as given and independent of the interpreter is understood or translated to a new form of expression. 62.   Well tested: onformacion of a well perfileo. 63.   Well produces: oil producer, has installed equipment 64.   Well completion: have a production team 65.   Book: A set of things that are reserved for another time of need or for some special circumstance or adequate. 66.    Negro: es la percepción visual de máxima oscuridad, debido a la inexistencia de fotorrecepción, por falta total de luz. Se asemeja a la coloración del carbón. 67.   Saturation: State of a solution that does not admit more of the substance that dissolves. 68.   Mixing: a material system composed of two or more components mixed, but not combined chemically. In a mixture not a chemical reaction occurs and each of its components retains its identity and chemical properties. 69.   Depth: is the distance of one element relative to a horizontal plane of reference when said element is below the reference. 70.   Thickness: Density or condensation of fluid or mass. 71.   Fold: a deformation of rocks, usually sedimentary, where horizontal elements, such as layers or foliation planes (in the case of metamorphic rocks) are elongated and curved forming roughly parallel to each other ripples. 72.   Cortex: the outer layer of rock on Earth. It is comparatively thin, with a thickness ranging from 5 km in the ocean floor, up to 70 km in the mountainous areas of the continents. 73.   Fault: a fracture in the ground along which there was movement of one side over the other. 74.   Geological formation: a formal lithostratigraphic unit is defining bodies of rock characterized by a common lithologic  properties (composition and structure) that differ from the adjacent. 75.   Stratum: is each of the layers in which they occur divided sediments, sedimentary rocks, pyroclastic rocks and metamorphic rocks when these layers are due to the sedimentation process. 76.   Sediment: the material, after being suspended in a liquid, ending at the bottom for his more serious. This process is called sedimentation. 77.   Thrust: is a reaction force described quantitatively by Newton's third law. 78.   Injection: is a procedure by which a liquid is passed or a viscous material through a tube or circular duct for a particular  purpose 79.   Porosity: is the set of voids having a rock and, in its broadest sense, the porosity may be provided from two points of view that complement 80.   Surface: it is only that which has length and breadth 81.   Ground: it is the layer of soil below the surface layer of the earth. The subsoil may include substances such as clay and / or sand, that have only been partially broken down by air, sunlight, water, wind, etc., to produce true soil. 82.   Pipe: a pipe that serves to carry water or other fluids. They usually develop a variety of materials 83.   Test: Action is to use a thing or to test it to see how it works or what result is. 84.   Cement: is a binder formed from a mixture of limestone and crushed and then calcined clay, having the property of hardening on contact with water. 85.   Power: The ability to produce the art work in the form of motion, light, heat, etc.. 86.   Source: they are more or less fixed complex elaborations of the human being can extract energy to perform a particular  job or get some use. 87.   Flow station: Installation consisting of tanks, pumps and pipes where the production of several wells is collected for later send to other sites as the operations performed.  88.   Valve: a mechanism that regulates the flow of communication between two parts of a machine or system 89.   Drainage: is the system of pipes, sinks or traps, with their connections, which allows eviction fluid, usually storm out of a population. 90.   Pump: it is a generating machine that transforms energy (usually mechanical energy) which is driven by energy from the incompressible fluid moves 91.   Oil Rocker: pumping apparatus that allows the extraction of oil 92.   Wire: a conductor (usually copper) or set of generally coated with an insulating or protective material, while the name of light-transmitting cable (optical fiber cable) or mechanical stress (mechanical cable) is also used 93.   Extraction: Performed in the basement, both onshore and offshore 94.   Strength: every agent is capable of modifying the amount of movement or shape of the material 95.   Material: is an element that can be transformed and grouped into a set 96.   Movement: is a change in the position of a body over time with respect to a reference system. 97.   Performance: Is the property you have loved (from the metaphysical point of view) to receive accidents that cause the transformation of the substance. 98.   Gravel: Rocks are size between 2 and 64 mm. They can be produced by the human, in which case it is often called broken rock or limestone , or the result of natural processes 99.   Core: is the central sphere, the innermost of which constitute the structure of the Earth 100.   Coating: A layer of a material that completely covers a surface
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