Health & Medicine

Frequency and implications of exposure to violent web sites on youth mental health and behavior

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1. American Public Health Association, Oct 27 2008,San Diego CAFrequency and implications of exposure toviolent web sites on youth mental healthand behaviorMichele L.…
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  • 1. American Public Health Association, Oct 27 2008,San Diego CAFrequency and implications of exposure toviolent web sites on youth mental healthand behaviorMichele L. Ybarra MPH PhDInternet Solutions for Kids, Inc.Philip J Leaf PhDJohns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public HealthMerle Hamburger PhDCenters for Disease Control and PreventionMarie Diener-West PhDJohns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health* Thank you for your interest in this presentation.  Please note that analyses included herein arepreliminary. More recent, finalized analyses may be available by contacting CiPHR for furtherinformation.
  • 2. Presenter Disclosures(1)The following personal financial relationships withcommercial interests relevant to this presentation existedduring the past 12 months:Michele YbarraNo relationships to disclose
  • 3. Growing up with Media Survey 1,588 households Online Survey Baseline data: August and September, 2006 Follow-up: October – December, 2007 (76% rr) Eligibility criteria: Youth: Between the ages of 10-15 years Use the Internet at least once a month for the last 6 months English speaking Adults Member of the Harris Poll OnLine Equally or most knowledgeable about youth’s media use Funded by the CDC (U49/CE000206)
  • 4. Definitions A “hate” site is one that tells you to hate agroup of people because of who they are,how they look, or what they believe. A “death” website that shows pictures ofdead people or people dying. Some peoplecall these “snuff” sites. A website that shows satanic rituals, likedevil worship or Satan worshipDefinitions from Youth Internet Safety Surveys
  • 5. Definitions A website, including news-related sites, thatshows pictures of war, death, “terrorism” A website (that’s not an online game) thatshows cartoons, like stick people or animals,being beat up, hurt, or killedDefinitions specific to GuwM
  • 6. Frequency of exposure (Wave 1)3% 5%2%41%31%58%57%64%40%0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%Hate sites Death sites Satanic sitesYesNoI dont know what youre talking about
  • 7. Frequency of exposure (Wave 1)24%21%45%37%31%42%0%5%10%15%20%25%30%35%40%45%50%News sites Violent cartoon sitesYesNoI dont know what youre talking about
  • 8. Psychosocial profile of seekers ofviolent web sites Violence and aggression Seriously violent behavior: OR = 2.2, p=0.008 Frequent physical bullying: OR = 4.6, p<0.001 Frequent physical fighting: OR = 6.1, p<0.001 Carrying a weapon to school in the past 30days: OR = 3.4, p=0.02 Other psychosocial issues Alcohol use: 2.7, p<0.001 Marijuana use: 4.2, p<0.001 Poor parental monitoring: 1.2, p=0.01 Poor emotional bond with caregiver: 1.1, p=0.02
  • 9. If it’s built,Will they come?
  • 10. NO..or at least, not always..
  • 11. Hate Sites: Frequency of exposure at Wave 2based upon knowledge of site at Wave 12% 2%39%67%59%31%0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%Hadnt heard of site atWave 1Everyone else at Wave 1(know about it)YesNoI dont know what youre talking about
  • 12. Death Sites: Frequency of exposure at Wave2 based upon knowledge of site at Wave 10%5%40%29%60%66%0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%Hadnt heard of site atWave 1Everyone else at Wave 1(know about it)YesNoI dont know whatyoure talking about
  • 13. Satanic Sites: Frequency of exposure at Wave2 based upon knowledge of site at Wave 12%7%33%59%64%34%0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%Hadnt heard of site atWave 1Everyone elseYesNoI dont know what youre talking about
  • 14. Conclusions Exposure to hate, death, and satanic websitesis uncommon among 10-15 year olds Accessing these sites may be symptomatic ofother psychosocial problems Accessing violent websites is associated withelevated odds of concurrently reporting violentand aggressive behavior
  • 15. Conclusions Just *knowing* about a web site is not enoughfor kids to go to them – even if it’s a “new” typeof site that some youth might find intriguing It seems that there are other factors thatinfluence one’s decision to visit these sites Figuring out *why* some youth seek out / visitviolent web sites whereas others don’t seemslikely to be a key to prevention efforts.
  • 16. Thanks for your timeAcknowledgement: Data collection for this presentation was supported byCooperative Agreement number U49/CE000206 from the Centers forDisease Control and Prevention (CDC). Its contents are solely theresponsibility of the authors and do not necessarily represent the officialviews of the CDC.
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