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Effect of work study & time study on production and quality

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1. Southeast University Effect of work study & time study on production and quality. 1 2. Southeast University Md.Tipu Sultan, Supervising Teacher, Department of…
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  • 1. Southeast University Effect of work study & time study on production and quality. 1
  • 2. Southeast University Md.Tipu Sultan, Supervising Teacher, Department of Textile Engineering. Southeast University Prepared By: Name ID Batch • Shehab Uddin Mazumder 2009100400008 11th • Md. Azharul Hossain 2009100400011 11th • Md. Tanvir Hasan 2009100400017 11th 2
  • 3. Southeast University Objectives of project work: To implement of work study charts to obtain maximum utilization of the resources and to optimize workplace by changing. 3
  • 4. Southeast University Role of industrial engineering department in apparel industry: Importance of industrial engineering (IE) tools that can be used to improve upon the productivity and thus enhance the profits. Very few companies have been operating with a full fledged industrial engineering department and even those which boast of as an industrial engineering department(IED) are not allowing freedom and scope to function to its full capabilities. The role of IED is important for the garments industry for the following two reasons: It’s highly labor –intensive industry.  Effective planning is emerging as one of the key factors for the garments manufacturing industry. 4
  • 5. Garments manufacturing diagram: Southeast University Fabric from stores Cutting section Sewing section Finishing section Finished garments to warehouse 5
  • 6. Southeast University 6
  • 7. Southeast University What is work study?  Work study is mainly concerned with the examination of human work. There are two parts of work study: Work Study Method Study Work Measurement 7
  • 8. Why work study? Southeast University • To eliminate wastage of time and labor. • To reduce fatigue and boredom of work by avoiding unnecessary movements. • To find a best way of doing a job. • To have more utilization of materials, machines and workers. • To improve the design of work place layout. • To train the individual operator in its practice as per standardized methods. 8
  • 9. Southeast University Why Work Measurement is Important? Set target Manpower allocation Calculate efficiency Production planning and control • Determine cost • • • • 9
  • 10. Southeast University Method study: The main purpose of method study is to eliminate the unnecessary operations and to achieve the best method of performing the operation. 10
  • 11. Southeast University Time Study: To determine the time it should take for a qualified worker to perform a specific task using a specified method by directly observing an operator. 11
  • 12. Southeast University Time Study Sheet of IE Department: 12
  • 13. Southeast University How it Works? 3. Compute the basic time Basic Time = Observed time X • 4. Observed rating Standard rating Compute the standard minute value SMV = Basic Time + Allowance 13
  • 14. Southeast University 14
  • 15. Southeast University In this case, we need to follow PDCA process improvement chart which can give us a solution. PDCA Figure : The Shewhart Cycle is a fundamental idea for continuous process improvement. 15
  • 16. Quality: Quality means customer satisfaction 16
  • 17. Benefits of TQM: The benefits of TQM can be classified into the following two categories: 1. Customer satisfaction oriented benefits. 2. Economic improvements oriented benefits. 1. Customer satisfaction oriented this category are listed below: (a) Improvement in product quality. (b) Improvement in product design. (c) Improvement in production flow. benefits: The benefits under 2. Economic improvements oriented benefits: The benefits under this category are as follows: (a) Reductions in operating costs. (b) Reductions in operating losses. (c) Reductions in field service costs. (d) Reductions in liability exposure. 17
  • 18. Time Study Exercise Process Name = Side Seam Observed Time = 35.27 Sec Observed Rating = 92% Allowance = 25% Basic Time SMV Capacity = (35.27 X 0.92) Sec = 32.45 Sec = 32.45 + (32.45 X 0.25) Sec = 40.56 Sec = (3600 ÷ 40.56) Pcs/ Hour = 88 Pcs/ Hour 18
  • 19. Product enhancements Design innovations Standardizing design Investing in training and the development of employees. Investing in better plant and equipment. Management – Worker Improving the planning or work Improving methods of production Effective worker selection process 19
  • 20. Ways of improving productivity Southeast University – improving worker effectiveness – Providing workers with adequate training – Improving morale – Rewarding success – Improving attendance levels – Reducing labour turnover – Effective communications – Measuring the performance. 20
  • 21. Southeast University Conclusion WITH THE APPLICATION OF WORK STUDY CHARTS IN APPAREL MANUFACTURING, THE EFFECTIVE UTILIZATION OF RESOURCES ( MAN, MATERIAL & MACHINES) CAN BE ACHIEVED.   THE COST INVOLVED IN USING THESE CHARTS ARE VERY MINIMUM AND A SOLUTION CAN BE DERIVED IN A SHORT PERIOD OF TIME. 21
  • 22. THANKS EVERYBODY 22
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