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    LOCAL MATERIALS IN CONTEMPRARY ARTS Puni or Palm folding (Bulacan) ●  Bulakeyo's way of decorating using leaf fronds folding ●  The Art of Leaf Fronds Folding in Bulacan Province Philippines ●  A tagalog term from the province of Bulacan which means to beautify or decorate with the use of coconut leaf. Coconut leaves are fashioned by folding, plaiting, braiding, and simple weaving, which may have functional as well as aesthetic uses. ●  Puni designs can be categorized according to their uses. The most common designs are in form of toys such as birds, fish, grasshoper, etc. ●  They are also used as food containes for suman, rice and various kakanin, the most commonly known is the puso and paraphelarnia for religious rituals especially during Palm Sunday when these design are used to accentuate the Palaspas . Singkaban or Bamboo Art (Bulacan) ●  Singkaban is a local term for Bamboo arches elaborately designed with kayas   ●  Filipino word for decorated bamboo arch, is used as a welcome signage of a town, city or village in the country, It is widely used as decoration during town fiestas in Bulacan.   ●  Singkabans are artfully-made entrance arches used during fiestas and other important events in Bulacan. Bamboo is primarily used in creating a Singkaban, and the art is most prevalent in the old town of Hagonoy and Malolos.   ●  Singkaban Festival is an annual provincial event of Bulacan where Bulakenyo culture and arts are featured in a week-long celebration.      Saniculas Cookie Mold Carvings (Pampanga) ●  Saniculas cookies are arrowroot cookies that have the image of St. Nicholas molded on it ergo, the name Saniculas. St. Nicholas is also known as The Healer and is the go to saint for those who need healing from illnesses. ●  The molds are an exceptional piece of folk art and a rarity. Saniculas cookie makers would commission the carvers of these moulds with one of a kind designs. They would also have the initials of the owner monogrammed on the moulds. Pabalat or Pastillas Wrapping Cutting Art (Bulacan) ●  The word 'pabalat' has two levels of meaning. On a literal note, it pertains to the pabalat as a product (paper cut-outs). On a metaphorical level, it connotes the state of the art practice. The art is not only a cultural product or an artistic expression but also cuts theough some cultural, social, even political discourses and issues. ●  Pabalat is also a folk art or in Filipino term, siningbayan. It is a folk art because it srcinated among the townsfolk reflecting their traditional culture. Taka (Laguna) ●  Taka-making ●  A Takaan, a carved wooden sculpture, is used as a mold in making taka. Brown craft paper is used as a final layer for taka made for export. This provides a thicker base and smoother finish for the craft. ●  Taka refers to paper mache made using carved wooden sculpture uses as a mold. The craft srcinated in the town of Paete, Laguna in the Philippines. ●  The art taka or taka-making is not an exclusive Pinoy art. Paper mache and decoupaging have been around for centuries. In the Philippines, the first recorded or mention of created Taka was by a woman, named Maria Bague in 1920's. ●  Taka was pioneered by Paete local, Maria Piday. During Christmas, Piday was in charge of the church's decorations. The wooden angels and cherub was heavy causing the carvings to fall. Piday devised the lightweight taka paper mache as an alternative to the wooden sculptures ●  Subjects of Taka: Manok, Kabayo, Kalabaw, Dalaga    Pagbuburda (Taal, Lumban, Laguna) ●  The art embroidery is happily alive and flourishing in these towns. Although it's mostly done by women who are wives of the farmers and fishermen, it is not uncommon to see fishermen and farmers who are also carefully and delicately embroiding floral designs during their off-season . ●  In the Highlights of Philippine history, Taal embroidery has always made an exquisite presence. Former presidents Diosdado Macapagal and Ferdinand Marcos were usually seen in Taal-embroided Barongs.  A number of former First Lady Imelda Marcos' fabulous ternos were Taal-embroided. Abaca Initially used as material for rope, the abaca found its way inside Filipino homes as a great material for furniture and decor. The versatility of abaca, or Manila hemp, makes it easy to work with or create different designs with it. Coconut Shells Coconut shell laminates are considered at par with the quality and appearance of turquoise shells or ivory. When you look at photos of homes — whether in magazines or online — a wide array of boxes, lamps, tabletops, chairs, household accessories, and even wall treatments make use of these materials. Bamboo homes in the provinces often use bed frames, sofa sets, and tables made of bamboo — proving that it's a versatile must-have that designers and homeowners should consider. Aside from being used in different pieces of furniture, bamboo is also sturdy and can give your home a laid-back tropical vibe. As a bonus, it can last a lifetime, too. Capiz Shells If you think about it, you have seen capiz shells in different homes, in various forms. These shells are often used in crafting wall art, decor, and even lighting fixtures. Invest in one piece and use it as a focal point in the living area or dining room. There's no doubt it'll be a conversation starter at your next dinner party. Rattan made of climbing palm tree leaves, the rattan is another favorite of many designers. Rattan furniture pieces have evolved over time — as seen in the works of acclaimed designers Kenneth Cobonpue and Ito Kish, to name a few. Santol Wood Quite common among Filipino backyards and farms, santol is mostly known for its fruit that is popularly consumed and used as an ingredient. Little did we know that it has more to offer  — while it is less dense than narra or molave, it is way easier to work with and polish. It is also highly resistant to wood borers ( bukbok  ) which makes it ideal for skeletal framework. Rice Hull Ash Cement (RHAC) Concrete is essential in modern homes, but if you're looking for a more cost-effective and sustainable alternative — RHAC is the answer. Ash from rice hulls or husks, when burned    under 700 to 750 degrees Celsius, offers binding properties that make it a suitable additive to cement solutions.
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