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Analytical Study for the Psycho-physiological Disorder and Its Relation to the Performance Skill for the Handball Premier League Players.odt

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    The Swedish Journal of Scientific Research (sjsr) ISSN 2001-9211. Volume 1. Issue 1. June 2014 www.sjsr.se  9 ANALYTICAL STUDY FOR THE PSYCHO-PHYSI-OLOGICAL DISORDER AND ITS RELATION TO THE PERFORMANCE SKILL FOR THE HAND-BALL PREMIER LEAGUE PLAYERS   *Dr. Qusai Salih, **Dr. Haidar Auda, *** Dr. Riyadh Nouri    *, **, ***Physical Education College, Basra Uniersity      INTRODUCTION AND THE IMPORTANCE OF THE RESEARCH: The sport competition is considered the idea arena !here the pa er#s ph sica$ ph sioo%ica$ technica$ s&i'()$ ps choo%ica a*iit $ as !e as his readiness to !in in a contest r)ed * the %ame r)es can *e dispa ed+ O(ten these sport competitions are characteri,ed * the appearance o( the hi%h ner-o)s tension and an%er that are re(ected on the pa ers$ as the ph sioo%ica and ph sica readiness are considered as the main t!o circes o( the %ood pa er preparation series$ and *oth o( these series a((ect the one another ne%ati-e and positi-e + The preparin% o( the pa er (or a hi%h e-e on the ps choo%ica$ ph sica$ ph sioo%ica arena$ creates a case o( the ph sica sta*iit and se( and mo-ement contro$ ater it create the hea- desire and the hi%h readiness to  .oin the contest and o-erta&e the di((ic)ties that the pa ers can (ace$ and the ph sica case can *e a((ect the ps choo%ica case and -ice -ersa )nder the norma circ)mstances (or a adapted$ the ps cho'ph sioo%ica read'iness is one o( the main important essentia components in the trainin% )nit !itho)t them it is impossi*e to achie-e the !innin%$ so the ps choph sioo% science in the sport is co)nted o( the most important in(ormation that accessed the sport arena$ and that has the h)%e share in reachin% the pa er to the hi%hest * )sin% the *est !a s that ma&e him in the *est o( his ps choo%ica and ph sioo%ica condition so he can (ace the contest$ as the hand*a %ame need to the ps cho ph sioo%ica preparedness so the per(ormance o( the pa ers can de-eop d)rin% the %ame$ the hand*a %ame is considered one o( the contest %ame that in-o-e the direct con(rontation *et!een the pa ers and one o( the (actors that reco%ni,e the hand*a pa er is his ps choo%ica$ ph sioo%ica$ ph sica$ cohesion d)rin% carr in% o)t the s&i to achie-e an attac&in% pan and ma&e a point a%ainst the other pa er+ Hence$ the research importance came * introd)cin% the acc)rate scienti(ic in(or'mation (or some ps cho'ph sioo%ica disorder that res)ted (rom the ps chic reaction that a((ects the h)man A/STRACT The sport competition is considered the main pace !here the pa er ph sica$ ph sioo%ica$ technica$ s&i()$ ps choo%ica a*iit is sho!ed$ and aso his readiness to achie-e the !innin% in a contest r)ed * the %ame r)es and o(ten these sport competitions characteri,ed !ith the appearance o( the hi%h ner-o)s tension and an%er that re(ect on the pa ers$ as the ph sioo%ica and ph sica readiness are considered as a main t!o circes o( the %ood pa er preparation series$ and *oth o( these series a((ect the one another ne%ati-e and positi-e + The preparin% o( the pa er (or a hi%h e-e on the ps choo%'ica$ ph sica$ ph sioo%ica arena$ create a case o( the ph sica sta*iit and se( and mo-ement contro$ ater it create hea- desire and the hi%h readiness to .oin the contest and o-erta&e the di((ic)ties that the pa ers can (ace$ and the ph sica case can *e a((ect the ps choo%ica case and -ice -ersa )nder the norma circ)mstances (or a adapted sta*e personait $ these t!o researchers )sed the Premier 0ea%)e hand*a pa ers that their n)m*er is 1234 pa er so the research sampe (ormed percenta%e o( 55$556+ From the comm)nit ratio and the )sed a ps cho'ph sioo%ica and s&i() tests (or the hand*a and the reation *et!een them$ and the researchers reached a mora reation *et!een s&i and the ps cho' ph sioo%ica -aria*es+ KEY WORDS : HAND/A00$ PS7CHO0O87$ PH7SIO0O87$ TRAININ8+     The Swedish Journal of Scientific Research (sjsr) ISSN 2001-9211. Volume 1. Issue 1. June 2014 www.sjsr.se   *od so it is important (or the pa er to access the competition !ith the *est a-aia*e amo)nt o( the ps cho'ph sioo%ica competence$ so he can (ace the hardness and the di((ic)ties o( the %ame+   THE RESEARCH PRO/0EM: H)man *od is considered as a mean *et!een the o)ter en-ironment and the se( as a ps choo%ica entit + Disorders$ emotions and the stress ead to im*aance in the *od and ps cho'ph sioo%ica disorder as a reaction to the ph sica$ ps choo%ica$ ph sioo%ica -aria*es+ The *od a((ects the ps choo%ica mood and the *eha-'ior+ Aso the emotiona mood a((ects the *od and the *od or%ans+ This is sho!ed in the reation *et!een the reactions and the ner-o)s s stem that these reactions %o to * the 1hipotamo)s4 and the a)tonomic ner-o)s s stem that transates the tension con-e ed to it into ps cho'ph sioo%ica -aria*es+ The poor ps choo%ica preparation !i *rin% a*o)t (ear and an;iet (or the pa ers+ This !i *e re(ected on the pa er<s s&i() and ph sica and ps choo%ica per(ormance+ Poor ph sica preparation !i *rin% a (eein% o( incompetence in doin% the correct per(ormance !hich !o)d *e re(ected ne%ati-e on their ps choo%ica sta*iit and the m)t)a a((ection *et!een them+ The pro*em here !i *e speci(ied in tac&in% the e-e o( the ps cho'ph sioo%ica s mptoms and on the per(ormance s&is (or the Premier 0ea%)e hand*a pa er as !e as the nat)re o( the ps choo%ica shape and the per(ormance o( the hand*a pa ers+ The research o*.ecti-e is to reco%ni,e the e-es o( ps cho'ph sioo%ica disorder the Premier 0ea%)e hand*a pa ers$ the res)ts o( s&i tests (or the Premier 0ea%)e hand*a pa ers$ and the reation *et!een the ps cho'ph sioo%ica s mptoms and the per(ormance o( Premier 0ea%)e hand*a pa ers+ =e !o)d i&e to cari( !hat the ps cho'ph sioo%ica disorder term means$ the s mptoms that appear on the pa ers s)ch as> tension$ stom'ach disorder$ the *ood and respirator circe$ and seep disorder+ Or the are a %ro)p o( a the ps cho'ph sio'o%ica disorders !hich are the res)t o( n)m*er o( ps choo%ica (actors !hich s mptoms ta&e *odi or or%anic (orms 1Mohammad Hassan Aa!i$ 9??$ @34+ METHODO0O87: The researchers )sed the descripti-e method * )sin% the s)r-e (or its s)ita*iit !ith the research o*.ecti-es$ nat)re o( the pro*em+ The main o*.ecti-e o( the descripti-e researches is descri*in% the -aria*e as it is in the present time !itho)t inter(erence (rom the researcher 1Adnan A!adh$ @?$ ?4 THE RESEARCH COMMUNIT7 AND SAMP0E: The o*.ecti-es that the researchers p)t in their research and the Proced)res the )sed !i e;pain the nat)re o( the sampe th !i )se 1Ra saan hrai*et$ 9?B$ 34+ So$ the research sampe !as chosen p)rpose() (rom the Premier 0ea%)e hand*a pa ers amo)ntin% the n)m*er o( 1234 pa ers+ There(ore$ the research sampe reached 55$ 556 (rom the research comm)nit + THE PS7CHO'PH7SIO 0O8ICA0 DISORDER SCA0E: The Ps cho'ph sioo%ica disorder scae !as )sed (or the pa er !ho !as prepared * 1Mohammad Hassan Aa!i 9B?$ pa%e 93'94 Anne; no 14$ that consists o( 134 items a 154 o( them !ere speci(ied (or the scain% o( the ne%ati-e case and 14 !ere speci(ied (or the scain% o( the positi-e case and the para%raphs 13$?$@$2$@$@3$@?$5@$52$34 and the ans!er is made * choosin% one o( the a ot repacements nod these para%raph are 1a ot$ itte$ ne-er happened4 and !hen correctin% the scae acre sho)d *e made (or the three positi-e responses in the case 1ne-er happened4 and t!o points (or the case 1itte4 and one point (or the case 1a ot4+ THE SI00FU0 TESTS FOR THE HAND/A00 P0A7ERS: +   THE TAR8ETIN8 TEST IN THE HAND/A00: 1The acc)rate tar%etin% (rom and head e-e *a4 1Samir 7osi( Mit#e* @3$ pa%e 554 the aim o( the test is to meas)re the tar%etin% s&i+ The pa er does this * t!o steps or three the standin% on the ine 1se-en4 meter and aim at a s)ares o( the acc)rate tar%et o( the head e-e ti it is sent three times *as on each s)are o( these s)ares sim)taneo)s + The a*orator re%ister the n)m*ers o( tries res)t (rom the tar%etin%$ that the *a access these s)ares+    The Swedish Journal of Scientific Research (sjsr) ISSN 2001-9211. Volume 1. Issue 1. June 2014 www.sjsr.se     @+   HAND0IN8 AND RECEIGIN8 TEST The handin% (rom the head e-e to the !a e-e (or a 154 seconds in a distance o( 154 meter+ 1Samir 7osi( Mitie*4 $ the p)rpose o( the test is to meas)re the handin% s&i+ The pa er stands in (ront o( a ine dro!ned on the %ro)nd (or distance o( 154 seconds+ The correct n)m*er o( the handin% o( the *a to the !a is co)nted and the recei-in% o( it on + THE RESEARCH MAIN EPERIMENT: A(ter competin% the scienti(ic re)irements o( the scae $ the researchers carried o)t the research * handin% o)t the ps cho ph sioo%ica meas)rement (orms *esides the s&i tests (or the 1tar%etin%4 and the 1handin% and the recei-in%4 (rom @@3+ DISP0A7IN8 AND DISCUSSIN8 OF THE RESU0TS: The dispa o( the ps cho'ph sioo%ica e-e res)ts (or the Premier 0ea%)e hand*a pa ers+ Fi%)re 14 the ps cho ph sioo%ica scae e-es Ta*e 14 *et!een the ra! de%rees$ e-es$ n)m*er$ percenta%e$ (or the ps cho ph sioo%ica scae+ RA= DE8REE0EGE0NUM/ERPERCENTA8E @  – 95+53=EA3@$?B % 9@+53 - 22+2?MODERATE@35B$ % 2+2?  – 3:8OOD@23:+2@ % /et!een the no 14 ta*e$ the 1!ea&4 e-e at the ra! de%ree 1@$?B 64 as the a ers n)m*er reached in this e-e is 134 pa er in a percenta%e o( a 16 ?+:54+ This ta*e aso cari(ies the 1moderate4 e-e at the ra! de%rees (rom 19@+53 ' 22+2?4 as the pa er n)m*er reached 1@24 pa er in a percenta%e o( 163:+2@4+ The reason (or this poor e-e$ is (or the ps cho'ph sioo%ica disorder case o( the coach as a res)t o( his important roe in mo-in% the practicin% operation and direct it to!ard achie-in% a %oa acti-e $ as the coach is the responsi*e (or directin% and moti-atin% the pa ers and increase the ph sica$ s&i()$ pannin%$ ps choo%ica e-e in a per(ect !a $ and pro-idin% a the appropriate materiaistic$ ps choo%ica possi*e conditions$ there(ore a these responsi*iities is %i-en to the coach o*i%a'tor $ as he m)st ha-e the a*iit to hod the responsi*iit and to !or& acc)rate other!ise$ the a((ect !i *e ne%ati-e on the pa er specia the )npro(essiona pa er !ho is the most (acin% to the *ad conse)ences$ and *eca)se o( not carin% a*o)t the practicin% method 1poor pannin%$ and poor pro%ram appication4$ specia at the period near to the contests and !ith the )se o( (earin% (actors a%ainst the pa ers * the coach to achie-e a certain %oa$ a these (actors are prod)cin% a ps choo%ica a((ects that increase the tension o( the pa er specia *e(ore the contest+ And here 1Amaar A*d) Rahmaan4 re(eree that practicin% operation that re(ect on the pa ers specia $ there(ore the coach m)st *e patient in the di((ic)t sit)ation and to (ace the an%er !ith    The Swedish Journal of Scientific Research (sjsr) ISSN 2001-9211. Volume 1. Issue 1. June 2014 www.sjsr.se  @ )ietness and patience and the coach m)st (ee the pa ers an%er as the an%er create a &ind o( sensiti-it and tension *et!een the coach and the pa er and res)t to the hard (eein% and animosit 1Amaar A*d) Rahmaan a*aa4+ The sport medicine$ 999$ pa%e 5@4$ and as to the appearance o( the moderate e-e o( the ps choo%ica disorders $ the are comin% (rom the coach !ho is pannin% the %ood practice (or the ph sica$ s&i()$ pannin% attri*)tes and i%norin% the ph sica mood that ma&e insepara*e part o( the trainin% case$ as the coach (oc)s on achie-in% the hi%h per(ormance * )sin% !a s and ne! de-eopin% methods$ *)t *eca)se the coach doesn<t ta&e care o( the pa ers and his co'!or&ers$ and aso don<t care a*o)t his !or& to impro-e the reation !ith them$ as the pa er is (acin% a ot o( a tro)*es o)t o( the sport arena s)ch as a st)d in%$ emotiona pro*ems+ A o( the a*o-e thin%s !i (orce the coach to )nderstand the pa ers conditions and !or& to harden the reation !ith them+ in this re%ards$ 1Jaaa A' A*aad 4 mentions that eadership is a socia case came (rom a .oined interaction o( the h)man e;istence$ as the .oined e;istence (or the h)man create the need to ad.)st and or%ani,e the reation that ori%inate * the socia interaction operation$ and especia in the coach !or& as a (ather and a teacher$ as the sport pro-ide a h)%e !a s o( the interaction and socia cohesion and the sho!in% so)nd -a)e$ 1Jaaa U*aid et a+$ 9?9$ p+ 224 As (or the %ood e-e$ it is a nat)ra res)t came (rom the care o( the pa ers on the hard and acc)rate !or& (or achie-in% the %oas+ So$ !e (ind the roe the coach is ta&en !hich is ma&in% t!o cases$ the (irst one is to dea !ith each pa er as an independent )nit and di((erent (rom the other pa er$ as the ed)cation and earnin% and the ha*its$ mood$ h)man nat)re$ !a s o( thin&in% in these thin%s$ are considered the secret o( the hardness o( the trainin% oper'ation$ as it is di((ic)t to (ind to persons e-en the t!ins are a%reed in e-er thin%s and the second point is (orcin% the coach to dea !ith the team as a one or%ani,ed entit e;isted in a o( its a*iities and ener%ies despite !hat he contain (rom a contrast and di((erence tr in% to a)nch these ener%ies to!ard the e;isted tar%ets$ there(ore the coach m)st ha-e a eadin% s&is hep him in achie-in% the trainin% operation a((ecti-e + And here 1M)(ti I*rheem4 that the sport trainin% operation and its s)ccess depend on the *asis o( the a-aia*iit o( the speci(ied attri*)tes$ a*iities$ s&is in the coach 1M)(ti I*raheem Hamaad$99?$@B4+ And * these s&is$ the coach !i *e a*e to dea !ith each person and tr to de-eop his personait * the %ood ph sica )ai(ications as !e as the ps choo%ica attri*)tes that acti-it need+ This is !hat 1M)(ti I*ra'heem$ 99?$ pa%e @534 in descri*in% him the personait as a 1d namica or%ani,e inside the person (or the ps choo%ica'*od or%ani,in% that speci( the interaction and the ni)e rha-io)r !ith the en-ironment4+ And aso he ass)red that the achie-in% o( a hi%h e-e o( the sport arena re)ire a speci(ied de%rees o( the personait attri*)tes as !ith the contentio)s en-ironment are characteri,ed in di((erence (rom the other en-ironments+   ANA07KIN8 AND DISCUSSIN8 THE FACTORS OF THE SI00 OF THE RECEIGE AND HAN'D0IN8 /7 THE HAND/A00+ Ta*e 1@4 cari(ies the arithmetic mean and the standard de-iations (or the s&i tests+ THE CURGED CRITERION THE MATHEMATICA0 AGERA8E THE TEST NO $9B 3$B92 the hand*a tar%etin% test  @$B2 @$95 the recei-e and handin% test @ =e notice (rom ta*e 1@4 the -a)e o( the mathematica a-era%e (or the tar%etin% acc)rac s&i (or the Premier 0ea%)e hand*a pa ers$ this a-era%e has reached 13$B924 and a c)r-ed criterion at 1$9B4 that re(er to the most o( the research sampe person<s res)ts$ !ere %ood+ And this is cear * the mathematica a-era%e the ha-e achie-ed$ and the researchers attri*)te these res)ts *eca)se that the are matched !ith the increase o( the technica per(ormance e-e o( the %ame$ as the pa ers !ere (rom the Premier 0ea%)e+ The technica per(ormance the hand*a is considered as the pa er#s a*iit to )se the ph sica$ ps choo%ica$ mo-in%$ pannin% aptit)de$ in match !ith the needs o( the contests accordin% to the persona and %ro)p per'(ormance in per(ormin% the d)t dependin% on the e;periment and the &no!ed%e$ aso it is co)nted a *asic part in the sport trainin% operation and the pa er per(ect achie-in% o( the !or& 1assim Hasan H)sain$ 99?$ pa%e 94 and as to the handin% and the recei-e s&i their mathematica a-era%e !ere 1@$954 and their stand'ard de-iation is 1@$B24 and it is an indicator (or the impro-e o( the per(ormance in this s&i and it is a norma
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