of 27
All materials on our website are shared by users. If you have any questions about copyright issues, please report us to resolve them. We are always happy to assist you.
    Going to Scale with Household Water Treatment and Safe Storage (HWTS) UNICEF WASH Training Module: Notes for Participants November 3, 2009    Contents CONTENTS 2   ABOUT THIS MODULE 3   WHAT IS HWTS? 4   WHY HWTS? 5   UNICEF AND HWTS 9   LAUNCHING A HWTS PROGRAMME (CHECKLIST) 11   TAKING HWTS TO SCALE: KEY ISSUES (CHECKLIST) 17   ANNEX: HWTS TECHNOLOGIES 20   REFERENCES 27      UNICEF HWTS Training Module 3 About this Module Household Water Treatment and Safe Storage (HWTS) is an effective strategy for preventing diarrhoea and is an important part of the UNICEF overall strategic framework for WASH sector  programming. This module was developed because HWTS is a relatively new approach within UNICEF and there is need to build capacity in this area. The UNICEF HWTS Training Module consists of two parts, this set of notes for participants and a companion powerpoint presentation. The notes and presentation are intended to be used as part of a distance learning session (using the WebEx system), but can also be used as a stand-alone guide for self-directed training or as resource material for an „ in-person ‟  training session on HWTS. This module is intended to :    introduce HWTS and its application for diarrhoeal disease prevention to UNICEF staff (both WASH staff and focal points)     provide step-by-step guidance for developing and scaling up national HWTS programmes with partners in government, the private sector and civil society    focus on the upstream side of HWTS programming including marketing and promotional aspects    contextualize HWTS within UNICEF country programmes of support This module is not   intended to :     provide detailed technical material on HWTS (but it does introduce the key technologies and includes links to more detailed information)     present a comprehensive summary or literature review on the evidence for HWTS (but it does provide a concise summary)     provide detailed information on the use of point-of-use treatment in emergency situations    discuss technologies for the removal of chemical contaminants in water (this module concentrates on the reduction of microbial pathogens for diarrhoea reduction)     be a guide for anybody interested in HWTS (the module is designed for use by UNICEF staff, but it may also be useful for government partners and other stakeholders) The core of the module is structured around two checklists developed by two of the participants in a HWTS Consultation Meeting held in April 2008 in UNICEF New York: a step-by-step guide for UNICEF Country Offices and a checklist of issues to consider when developing and implementing an HWTS programme. The module also contains sections on the evidence for HWTS and on how HWTS fits within the UNICEF global strategies for WASH, along with a set of background materials in annex. This module was developed by the UNICEF WASH Section in New York. It was written by a consultant based on material and guidance from HWTS Task Team members of the WASH Section, and on the inputs of participants in the HWTS Consultation Meeting including CDC, LSHTM, MIT, PSI, SANDEC, USAID, UNC, CAWST, UNICEF and WHO. The module is part of the series of training modules being developed by the UNICEF WASH Section that includes modules on taking handwashing with soap to scale and on mainstreaming environment in programming.    UNICEF HWTS Training Module 4 What is HWTS? Ensuring safe drinking water in the home is difficult. When there is no improved source available, water is likely to be unsafe due to microbial and especially faecal contamination. Even when water is drawn from an improved, uncontaminated point source  –   such as a sealed handpump on a protected borehole  –   it is very often re-contaminated due to unhygienic transport and home storage practices. And while somewhat less likely, water from treated piped water systems can still become re-contaminated, especially when it is delivered through the intermittent, leaky distribution networks that are common in the developing world. Household Water Treatment and Safe Storage addresses this problem by helping to ensure the microbial safety of water at point of use. HWTS  programmes develop and promote a package of improved technologies and practices for water storage and transport. The package includes cost- effective treatment systems involving the disinfection of water (using chlorine and other chemicals, and/or heat or ultraviolet radiation), the filtering of water (through a physical media such as in a ceramic filter, or through biological  processes), or a combination of both. It also involves better designs for storing and handling water in the home, ranging from simple solutions involving covers and long-handled ladles to new re-designed storage containers. Of course, HWTS is not about technology alone. To reliably improve drinking water quality  –   and ultimately reduce diarrhoea  –   technologies must be used correctly and consistently. Users must be knowledgeable and skilled, and have the motivation and funds to purchase products and consumables throughout the year. This in turn means that HWTS programmes are successful only when technologies are affordable, available and become desirable through effective marketing. Finally, HWTS should not be carried out in isolation. It is only one part of a comprehensive WASH programme. Protected water sources continue to be of critical importance to communities: for health, for education, for gender equality and for poverty reduction. The transmission of faecal contamination can never be stopped without adequate sanitation, and unless people habitually wash their hands with soap at critical times, sanitation and water interventions  –   including HWTS  –   will not achieve their full potential. Cambodia ceramic water filter (Brown, 2007)  
We Need Your Support
Thank you for visiting our website and your interest in our free products and services. We are nonprofit website to share and download documents. To the running of this website, we need your help to support us.

Thanks to everyone for your continued support.

No, Thanks

We need your sign to support Project to invent "SMART AND CONTROLLABLE REFLECTIVE BALLOONS" to cover the Sun and Save Our Earth.

More details...

Sign Now!

We are very appreciated for your Prompt Action!