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CGIAR Research Program on Livestock and Fish: Achieving proof of scale for food security and poverty reduction

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1. CGIAR Research Program on Livestock and Fish: Achieving proof of scale for food security and poverty reduction Tom Randolph G20 Meeting of Agricultural Chief…
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  • 1. CGIAR Research Program on Livestock and Fish: Achieving proof of scale for food security and poverty reduction Tom Randolph G20 Meeting of Agricultural Chief Scientists Guadalajara, Mexico, 25 September 2012
  • 2. The challenge Can research accelerate livestock and aquaculture development to benefit the poor? o Mixed record to date o Systematic under-investment o Also related to our research-for-development model? Focus of new CGIAR Research Program o Increase productivity of small-scale systems o ‘by the poor’  poverty reduction o ‘for the poor’  food security
  • 3. Correcting perceptions1. Animal-source foods are a luxury and bad for health, so should not promote2. Small-scale production and marketing systems are disappearing; sector is quickly industrializing3. Livestock and aquaculture development will have negative environmental impacts
  • 4. 1. Animal-source foods are a luxury and bad for health, so should not promote Evidence?Nearly everyone consumes some animal-source food intheir diet, and for good reason: o Dense sources of critical high-quality nutrients o Important role of diet diversity o Enhances bioavailability of micronutrients from plant-based foods o Improves growth and cognitive development o So, strategic for nutritionally challenged populations
  • 5. Need to put health risks into perspective:Consumption will remain low for the great majority Rosegrant et al. 2009
  • 6. 2. Small-scale production and marketing systems disappearing; sector quickly industrializing Evidence?Nearly a billion people rely on livestock and aquaculturein small-scale production and marketing systems for theirlivelihoods Small farms responsible for >50% of livestock production across much of Africa and Asia
  • 7. 3. Livestock and aquaculture development will have negative environmental impacts Evidence?Increasing productivity in small-scale systemssignificantly reduces greenhouse gas emissions per unit ofproduct
  • 8. Production efficiency – developed countriesIncreasedfootprint peranimal, but2/3 less perkg of milk 8 Capper et al., 2009
  • 9. 3. Livestock and aquaculture development will have negative environmental impacts Evidence?Increasing productivity in small-scale systemssignificantly reduces greenhouse gas emissions per unit ofproductSmall-scale systems more likely to recycle waste
  • 10. Are we missing an opportunity? Livestock and Blue Revolutions: accelerating demand in developing countries as urbanization and incomes rise Industrial systems will provide a large part of the needed increase in supply to cities and the better- off in some places But the poor will often continue to rely on small- scale production and marketing systems If able to respond, they could contribute, both increasing supplies and reducing poverty …and better manage the transition for many smallholder households
  • 11. Managing the transition Estimates for smallholders in Africa and Latin America (Wiggins 2012; Dorward 2009) : 1/3 Will ‘step up’ to become commercial farmers 1/3 Will ‘step out’ and work for other, go to the city 1/3 Could go either way Can 2/3 be enabled to develop into commercial producers, accumulate capital and transition out of agriculture?  deeper rural economic growth  avoid social disruption (Johnston et al. 1995)
  • 12. But productivity gap remains despiteinvestment in livestock development Biomass is calculated as inventory x average liveweight. Output is given as carcass weight. Source: (Steinfeld et al 2006)
  • 13. But productivity gap remains despiteinvestment in livestock development (2) Source: (Steinfeld et al 2006)
  • 14. Aquaculture lagging as well annual growth rate of aquaculture 2007-2015 needed to satisfy fish demandsource: Cai (2011)
  • 15. A smarter approach? Drawing from recent experiences, can we accelerate research to impact? Objective of new CGIAR Research Program on Livestock and Fish
  • 16. GoalMore m ilk, m e a t a nd fis h by a nd for the p o o r To sustainably increase the productivity of small-scale livestock and fish systems to increase the availability and affordability of animal-source foods for poor consumers and, in doing so, reduce poverty through greater participation by the poor along the whole value chains for animal-source foods.
  • 17. Basic Idea: Solution-driven R4D to achieve impact Traditional approach was piecemeal Past research has focused specific aspects of given value chains, commodities and country. Consumers ...in Country A Consumers ...in Country B Consumers ...in Country C Consumers ...in Country D
  • 18. Approach: Solution-driven R4D to achieve impact#1: Addressing the whole value chain#2+3: Working directly to impact at scale with development partners R4D integrated to transform selected value chains In targeted commodities and countries. Consumers Major intervention with development partners Value chain development team + research partners Strategic L&F CRP Cross-cutting Platforms • Technology Generation • Market Innovation • Targeting & Impact INTERVENTIONS TO GLOBAL RESEARCH SCALE OUT REGIONALLY PUBLIC GOODS
  • 19. #4 Focus, focus, focus!Working in only 9 target value chains SHEEP & GOATS AQUACULTURE PIGS DAIRY
  • 20. Status Partnership of 4 CGIAR Centers  ILRI  WorldFish Center  CIAT  ICARDA Officially started January 1st, 2012 Engaging with partners Consolidating ongoing activities, and developing strategy by component and value chain
  • 21. 3-year Budget Envelope by ComponentTOTAL Approved = US$99.6m2/3’s funding secured
  • 22. Thank you More meat, milk and fish by and for the poorCGIAR Research Program on Livestock and Fish
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