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April Fools - Or Just Lying? Special Khutbah - LIES! Yusuf Estes - Las Vegas - June 11, 2004- Yusuf Estes Part 4 [of 5Part Series]

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Yusuf Estes explaining lying and Taqiyyah
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  Article #4 - Prohibition Proofs Listing of proofs in Quran and Hadith Against Lying 1. Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):“It is only those who believe not in the Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons,signs, revelations, etc.) of Allaah, who fabricate falsehood, and it is they whoare liars. [al-Nahl 16:105]Ibn Kathir said:“Then Allaah tells us that His Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be uponhim) is not a fabricator or a liar, because only the most evil of people who donot believe in the signs of Allaah, the kafirs and heretics who are known amongstthe people for telling lies, tell lies about Allaah and His Messenger (peace andblessings of Allaah be upon him). The Messenger Muhammad (peace and blessings ofAllaah be upon him) was the most truthful of people, the most righteous, the mostperfect in knowledge, action, faith and certain belief. He was known amongst hispeople for his truthfulness; none of them doubted that, to such an extent that hewas known amongst them as ‘al-Ameen (the trustworthy) Muhammad.’ Hence whenHeraclius, the ruler of Rome, asked Abu Sufyan about the characteristics of theMessenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), one of the thingshe asked was, ‘Did you ever accuse him of lying before he said what he said?’ Hesaid, ‘No.’ Heraclius said: ‘If he refrained from telling lies about people hewould not go and tell lies about Allaah.’(Tafseer Ibn Kathir, 2/588)2. It was narrated from Abu Hurayrah that the Prophet (peace and blessings ofAllaah be upon him) said: “The signs of the hypocrite are three: when he speaks,he lies; when he makes a promise, he breaks it; and when he is entrusted withsomething, he betrays that trust.”(Narrated by al-Bukhari, 33; Muslim, 59)al-Nawawi said:“What the commentators and most of the scholars said – which is correct – is thatthis means that these characteristics are the characteristics of hypocrisy, andthe one who has these characteristics resembles the hypocrites in this sense.The words of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), ‘he is apure hypocrite’ mean that he strongly resembles the hypocrites because of thesecharacteristics. Some of the scholars said: this is concerning one in whom thesecharacteristics predominate; one in whom these characteristics rarely appear isnot included in this. This is the favoured view concerning the meaning of thishadeeth. Imaam Abu ‘Eesa al-Tirmidhi (may Allaah be pleased with him) narratedthis meaning from the scholars and said: ‘The meaning of this according to thescholars is hypocrisy in one's actions.’”(Sharh Muslim, 2/46-47)The most evil kinds of lies are:1. Lies told about Allaah and His Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be uponhim).This is the most serious kind of lie, and the one who does this is subject to asevere warning. Some of the scholars said that the one who does this is to bedenounced as a kafir.Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):  “Say: ‘Verily, those who invent a lie against Allaah will never be successful’”[Yunus 10:69]It was narrated that ‘Ali (may Allaah be pleased with him): “The Prophet (peaceand blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: ‘Do not tell lies about me. Whoevertells lies about me, let him enter the Fire.’”(Narrated by al-Bukhari, 106).It was narrated from Abu Hurayrah (may Allaah be pleased with him) that theProphet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Whoever tells liesabout me, let him take his place in Hell.(narrated by al-Bukhari, 110; Muslim, 3).Ibn al-Qayyim said:“… ‘Whoever tells lies about me, let him take his place in Hell’, i.e., let himtake his place in Hell where he will abide and settle; it is not like a manzil orcamp where he stays for a while and then moves on.”(Tareeq al-Hijratayn, p. 169)Lying also includes lies told about or to other people, such as2 Lying in buying and selling.It was narrated from Abu Dharr (may Allaah be pleased with him) that the Prophet(peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “There are three to whom Allaahwill not speak on the Day of Resurrection and He will not look at them or praisethem, and they will have a painful torment.” The Messenger of Allaah (peace andblessings of Allaah be upon him) repeated this three times. Abu Dharr said: “Maythey be doomed and lost, who are they, O Messenger of Allaah?” He said, “The onewho lets his garment hang below his ankles, the one who reminds others of hisfavors, and the one who disposes of his goods by swearing a false oath.”(Narrated by Muslim, 106)It was narrated that Hakim ibn Hizaam (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: “TheMessenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: ‘The twoparties involved in a transaction have the option [of canceling it] until theypart. If they are honest and truthful, their transaction will be blessed for themand if they conceal something and tell lies, the blessing of their transactionwill be wiped out.’”(Narrated by al-Bukhari, 1973; Muslim, 532)Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymeeyah said:“Allaah has enjoined truthfulness and honesty, and He has forbidden lies andconcealment with regard to matters which should be known and revealed to people,as the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said in a hadeeth whoseauthenticity is agreed upon: ‘The two parties involved in a transaction have theoption [of canceling it] until they part. If they are honest and truthful, theirtransaction will be blessed for them and if they conceal something and tell lies,the blessing of their transaction will be wiped out.’ And Allaah says(interpretation of the meaning): ‘O you who believe! Stand out firmly for Allaah as just witnesses; and let not theenmity and hatred of others make you avoid justice. Be just: that is nearer topiety’[al-Ma'idah 5:8].”(Minhaj al-Sunnah, 1/16)  3. The prohibition on lying about visions and dreamsThis refers to when some of them claim to have seen such and such in a dream, butthey are not telling the truth, then in the morning he starts to tell the peoplesomething that he did not see.It was narrated from Ibn ‘Abbaas that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaahbe upon him) said: “Whoever tells of a dream that he did not see will be commanded[on the Day of Resurrection] to tie two grains of barley together, but he willnever be able to do it. Whoever eavesdrops on people’s conversation when theydislike that – or they try to get away from him - will have molten copper pouredin his ears in the Day of Resurrection. And whoever makes an image will bepunished and will be told to breathe life into it, and he will not be able to doso.”(Narrated by al-Bukhari, 6635)Al-Manawi said:“ ‘to tie two grains of barley together, but he will never be able to do it’ –because tying one to the other is not possible ordinarily. He will be punisheduntil he does that, and he will never be able to do it. It is as if he is sayingthat he will be enjoined to do something that he can never do, and is beingpunished for it. This is a metaphor for continuous punishment… The reason whybarley (sha’eer) is mentioned specifically is because dreams are connected tofeelings (shu’oor); the words sha’eer (barley) and shu’oor (feelings) come fromthe same root in Arabic.The punishment for that is so severe – even though lies when awake may cause moredamage, because they may involve testimony that may lead to execution or a haddpunishment – because lying about a dream is a lie about Allaah, may He be exalted,for dreams are a part of Prophethood, so they come from Him, and lying about theCreator is worse than lying about created beings.(Fayd al-Qadeer, 6/99)4. The prohibition of speaking about everything that one hearsIt was narrated that Hafsa ibn ‘Aasim said: “The Messenger of Allaah (peace andblessings of Allaah be upon him) said: ‘It is sufficient lying for a man to speakof everything that he hears.’”(Narrated by Muslim, 5)With regard to the meanings of the hadeeth and reports on this topic, theydiscourage speaking about everything that one hears. For usually a person willhear both true things and lies, so if he were to speak of everything that hehears, he would be lying, by telling of something that did not happen. We havestated above the view of the people of truth: that lying means telling ofsomething in a manner other than the way it happened. It is not conditional uponit being done deliberately, but its being done deliberately is a condition of itbeing a sin. And Allaah knows best.”(Sharh Muslim, 1/75)5. Lying in jestSome people think that it is permissible to tell lies if it is in jest. This isthe excuse that they use for telling lies on April 1st or on other days. This iswrong. There is no basis for this in the pure Shari'ah. Lying is haraam whetherthe one who does it is joking or is serious.Lying in jest is haraam just like other kinds of lies.  It was narrated that Ibn ‘Umar said: “The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaahbe upon him) said, ‘I joke, but I speak nothing but the truth.’”(narrated by al-Tabarani in al-Mu’jam al-Kabeer, 12/391)This hadeeth was classed as hasan by al-Haythami in Majma’ al-Zawaa’id, 8/89, andclassed as saheeh by Shaykh al-Albaani (may Allaah have mercy on him) in Saheehal-Jami, 2494)It was narrated that Abu Hurayrah said: “They said, ‘O Messenger of Allaah, youjoke with us.’ He said, ‘But I only speak the truth.’”(narrated by al-Tirmidhi, 1990)Abu ‘Eesa said: this is a saheeh hasan hadeeth.A similar hadeeth was narrated by al-Tabarani in al-Awsat (8/305) and classed ashasan by al-Haythami in Majma’ al-Zawaa’id, 9/17‘Abd al-Rahman ibn Abi Laylaa said: the companions of the Messenger of Allaah(peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) told us that they were traveling withthe Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him). A man amongthem fell asleep and some of them went and took his arrows. When the man woke up,he got alarmed (because his arrows were missing) and the people laughed. TheProphet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said, “What are you laughingat?” They said, “Nothing, except that we took the arrows and he got alarmed.” TheMessenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “It is notpermissible for a Muslim to frighten another Muslim.”(Narrated by Abu Dawood, 5004; Ahmad, 22555 – this version narrated by Ahmad).This hadeeth was classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Jami’, 7658)It was narrated from ‘Abd-Allaah ibn al-Sa'ib ibn Yazeed from his father from hisgrandfather that he heard the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of AllaahbeThis hadeeth was classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Jami’, 7658)It was narrated from ‘Abd-Allaah ibn al-Sa'ib ibn Yazeed from his father from hisgrandfather that he heard the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaahbe upon him) say: “None of you should take the belongings of his brother, whetherin jest or otherwise. Whoever has taken the stick of his brother, let him returnit.”(Narrated by Abu Dawood, 5003; al-Tirmidhi, 2160 in brief)The hadeeth was classed as hasan by Shaykh al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Jami’, 75786. Lying when playing with childrenWe must beware of lying when playing with children, because that will be writtendown (in the record of deeds of) the one who that. The Messenger of Allaah (peaceand blessings of Allaah be upon him) warned against doing that. It was narratedthat ‘Abd-Allaah ibn ‘Aamir (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: “My mothercalled me one day when the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah beupon him) was sitting in our house. She said, ‘Come here, and I will give you(something).’ The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him)said, ‘What do you want to give him?’ She said, ‘I will give him a date.’ TheMessenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: ‘If you hadnot given him something, you would have been lying.’”And it was narrated that Abu Hurayrah (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: “TheMessenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: ‘Whoever

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