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Applied Ethics Perspectives from Romania

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Applied Ethics Perspectives from Romania
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  Center for Applied Ethics and Philosophy  Hokkaido University  Sapporo, Japanhttp://ethics.let.hokudai.ac.jp/ ISBN978-4-9904046-9-7 C3012  AppliedEthics Perspectives from Romania  Edited by   Valentin MUREŞANShunzo MAJIMA  P  e r  s  p e  c  t  i   v e  s f  r  om R om a ni   a   A  p  p  l  i  e  d    E  t  h i  c s   M U R  E  Ş  A  N M A  J   I   M A  Photo by Tudor MUREŞAN  C e n t  e r  f   o r  A   p  p l   i   e d  E  t  h  i   c  s  a n d  P  h  i   l   o s  o  p h   y H o k  k  a i   d  o U n i   v e r  s  i   t   y  Edited by   Valentin MUREŞANShunzo MAJIMA   AppliedEthics Perspectives from Romania    i Contributors ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ iii Preface ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ix  Is Applied Ethics Still an Application of Ethics?  A Short History of Applied Ethics in Romania ------------------------------------------ x  Valentin MUREŞAN and Shunzo MAJIMA  1. Moral Philosophy   What does “Metaphysics” mean in Kant’s Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals?   --------------------------------------------- 2 Ilie PARVU Kant’s Highest Political Good --------------------------------------------------------------- 15 Sorin BAIASU How Many Formulas? An Alternative Reading ------------------------------------------ 36 Valentin MUREŞAN On oleration, Charity, and Epistemic Fallibilism --------------------------------------- 54 Mircea DUMITRU Intuitive Methods of Moral Decision Making, A Philosophical Plea ----------------- 62 Emilian MIHAILOV  Te Moral Values and Partitive Logic ------------------------------------------------------ 79 Ioan BIRIŞ  What is Wrong with ‘Being Authentic’? -------------------------------------------------- 94 Cristian IFTODE Copyright © 2013 by Authors Edited by Valentin MUREŞAN and Shunzo MAJIMA Published by Center for Applied Ethics and Philosophy, Hokkaido University  N10 W7, Kitaku Sapporo 060-0810 Japan All Rights Reserved Printed in JapanISBN978-4-9904046-9-7  ii iii Contributors Sorin Baiasu  graduated from the Faculty of Philosophy of the University of Bucharest and is now Reader in Philosophy at Keele University. He is the author of  Kant and Sartre: Re-discovering Critical Ethics  (Palgrave Macmil -lan 2011), co-editor of  Politics and Metaphysics in Kant   (UWP 2011) and  Kant on Practical Justification: Interpretive Essays  (OUP 2013). He guest edited special issues of the journals  Ethics and Politics Review  (2007; topic: Kantian Justifications of Political Norms),  Kantian Review  (2011; topic: Graham Bird’s The Revolutionary Kant),  Philosophia  (forthcoming; topic: Toleration and Pragmatism in the work of John Horton) and Collingwood and British Idealist Studies  (forthcoming; topic: Kant and the British Idealists). He currently acts as Secretary and member of the Executive Committee of the UK Kant Society, as well as co-convenor of the Kantian Standing Group of the European Consortium for Political Research. E-mail: s.baiasu@phil.keele.ac.u k  Ioan Biris  is professor at West University of Timisoara, Romania. Special-izing in the Philosophy of Science and Philosophy of Social Sciences, he is director of the Doctoral School of Philosophy at the West University of Timisoara. Ioan Biris has been professor “Jean Monnet” since 2001. He was associate professor at University of Padova (Italy) during the period 2007-2009. Since 2007, he has been the chairman of the Committee of the History and Philosophy of Science and Technique of the Romanian Academy, Timisoara Branch. His most important works published include: Totality, system, holon  (1992, 2007);  History and culture  (1996);  Law Values and the intentional logic (1996); Sociology of civilizations  (2000); Concepts of science (2010). E-mail: ioan.biris@gmail.co m Leria Boroş  studied philosophy and applied ethics at the University of Piteşti (Romania); she is currently a doctoral student in applied ethics at the University of Bucharest, with a thesis on codes of ethics. Her main research activities are in the field of business ethics, bioethics and the ethics of international relations. In 2008 she was a visiting student at the University of Burgundy, Dijon, France. Her publications include: The Environment as Stakeholder  , Juventus Press, Piteşti, 2011; “Human Reproduction  by Ectogenesis. Ethical Aspects”, in  Morphe Journal  , vol. 1, issue 1, February 2012; “Moral Absolutism in Foreign Policy”, in Viorel Guliciuc (coordinator),  Limits of Knowledge – Anthology of Humanities , Teachers’ Publishing House, Bacău, 2013. She has presented various professional  papers at international conferences including  Non-Proliferation and Nuclear  Disarmament. Statement or Fact? , UN Youth Romania, Bucharest, the exploratory workshop  Inter and Trans-disciplinary Convergences in Applied  Ethics , Mihail Kogălniceanu University, Iassy, Romania, and as a fellow researcher at the Research Center in Applied Ethics, University of Bucharest. E-mail: leria.manasi@gmail.com Ion Copoeru is professor of phenomenology and ethics at Babeş-Bolyai University Cluj-Napoca. In the area of ethics, his interests are mainly located 2. Applied Ethics Environmental Risk and Moral Obligations: Reflections on an East European Experience ------------------------------------------ 114  Adrian-Paul ILIESCU Ethical Attitudes toward the Environment: Te Romanian Case --------------------- 131  Adrian MIROIU Te Ethos of Sustainable Development and the Educational System:  A Research Report regarding Romania ------------------------------------------------ 144 Daniela DUMITRU and Constantin STOENESCU  Applying aking Clauses Analysis to Communist Nationalization of Houses in Romania -------------------------------------------------------------------- 176 Emanuel-Mihail SOCACIU Collaboration or Exit from the Stage? Te Dilemma of the Elites in Dictatorial Regimes as Illustrated by the Heisenberg Case ---------------------- 191 Mircea FLONTA  Morality in Politics, or the Politics of Morality? “Neo-Purification” in Romania ---------------------------------------------------------- 209 Mihaela MIROIU Moralization and Conformism in Social Practices: Te Case of a Post-communist Society ------------------------------------------------- 229 Ion COPOERU and Nicoleta SZABO Political Ethics in the War on error: Ethics of the International Crime of Aggression and Political Violence ----------- 247  Andreea GAE  Autonomy and Plastic Surgery for eenagers ------------------------------------------- 263 Leria BOROŞ Bloggers, Journalists and Epistemic Responsibility:  A Particular ype of Self-Regulation in the Romanian Online Media ------------ 276 Victor POPESCU  iv v in “ethics in professions”, with a focus on the professions of law, healthcare, and business. He is the editor of  Beyond Identity. Transformations of the  Identity in a (Post)-Modern World (with N. Szabo) (Cluj, 2004),  Etică şi cultură profesională [Ethics and Professional Culture]  (Cluj, 2008) and oth-ers. He is also the author or co-author of a series of studies on topics related to philosophy and social sciences, such as “A Schutzian Perspective on the Phenomenology of Law in the Context of Positivistic Practices”, in  Human Studies  (2008) and The Participating Professional. Phenomenology and the Task of Integrating Ethics into Professional Practices , in: Thomas Nenon and Philip Blosser (eds.),  Advancing Phenomenology. Essays in Honor of  Lester Embree , Springer, 2010. His current research topic (in the framework of a program of the University of Medicine and Pharmacy Iasi, Romania) is “Ethics and governance of the medical and social services for substance abusing persons”. E-mail: copoeru@hotmail.com Daniela Dumitru  is project manager for Foundation Education 2000+. She has a Ph.D. in Educational Sciences, and two BA degrees in Philosophy, and Psychology. Currently, Dr. Dumitru is a lecturer at University Titu Maiorescu, Faculty of Psychology, Bucharest, and is teaching  Introduction to Cognitive Psychology . She coordinated projects in pre-university education and higher education the latest of which was  Education for Sustainable  Development Partnership Initiative (ENjoinED, 2010-2012).  The compara-tive report was published under the name Civil rights and obligations are connected to environmental issues in the curricula. A comparative analysis  for sustainability content in 9 European countries (2012, Zagreb, NEPC). Other topics of interest include: critical thinking, the transfer of critical thinking skills from one domain to another, communities of inquiry, and communities of practice. E-mail: dananita2001@yahoo.com Mircea Dumitru  holds a Ph.D. in Philosophy from Tulane University,  New Orleans, USA (1998) with a topic in modal logic and philosophy of mathematics, and from the University of Bucharest (1998) with a topic in  philosophy of language. He is currently President (Rector) of the University of Bucharest (2012-) and Professor of Philosophy at the University of Bucharest (since 2004) as well as President of the European Society of Analytic Philosophy (2011-2014). He has been Invited Professor at Tulsa University, CUNY, and NYU. His main area of research is philosophical logic and philosophy of language. Main publications include  Modality and Incompleteness  (UMI, Ann Arbor, 1998),  Logic and Philosophical  Explorations  (Humanitas, Bucharest, 2004), Words, Theories, and Things. Quine in Focus , (ed.) (Pelican, 2009),  Metaphysics, Meaning, and Modality. Themes from Kit Fine  (ed.)   (Oxford University Press, forthcoming 2015). E-mail: mirdumitru@yahoo.com Mircea Flonta is professor at the Faculty of Philosophy of the University of Bucharest and Fellow of the Humboldt Foundation. He is a Fellow of the Romanian Academy. His field of concentration is the Theory of Knowledge and Philosophy of Science. Special topics of interest include: Immanuel Kant and Ludwig Wittgenstein. He has published  Necessary truths?  Monographical study on analiticity, 1975; Philosophical Presuppositions in Exact Science, 1985; Cognitio. A critical introduction in the problem of knowledge, 1994; Images of Science, 1994; How do we recognise the  Minerva Owl? Reflections on the perception of philosophy in the Romanian culture, 1998; Kant in his time and today, 2005; The solitary thinker. Ludwig Wittgenstein ’s  Criticism and Practice of Philosophy, 2008; Darwin and after  Darwin, 2010; 20 Questions and Answers on Immanuel Kant, 2012. He has also published approximately 200 papers in Romanian, German and English. E-mail: mircea.flonta@yahoo.com Andreea Gae is   associate assistant professor and   doctoral student at the Faculty of Philosophy, University of Bucharest, Romania. She has published “The Aristotelian Being And The Hegelian Spirit: Asymptotic Connec-tions and Synallagmatic Reports”, in Studies On The History Of World  Philosophy , XVIII, Romanian Academy, Publishing House of the Romanian Academy, Bucharest, 2010, pp. 162-190 and “The Bacchic Myth And The Hermeneutics Of The Renaissance – Michelangelo, Bacchus” in The  Imaginary – Theories and Applications , Bucharest University Press, 2011,  pp. 250-274. E-mail: phd.andruska@yahoo.com Cristian Iftode  is a Lecturer at the Faculty of Philosophy, Department of Practical Philosophy and History of Philosophy, University of Bucharest, where he teaches on ethics, aesthetics and contemporary philosophy. In 2007 he obtained his Ph.D. with a thesis on The Role of Analogy in the  Elaboration of Aristotle’s Metaphysics . Between 2007 and 2012 he held two teaching and research grants at the Université Paris-Est Créteil. He is a founding member of the  Romanian Society of Philosophy  and a member of its board. His published books in Romanian include:  Metaphor and  Metaphysical Discourse  (2002),  Philosophy as a Way of Life: Sources of  Authenticity (2010), as well as two edited volumes and a number of articles and academic studies dealing with topics in the history of philosophy and in ethics. His current fields of research are moral philosophy, the history of ideas and French poststructuralism. E-mail: cristianiftode@yahoo.co m Adrian-Paul Iliescu is Professor at the University of Bucharest, Faculty of Philosophy. His fields of research include : Political Philosophy, Social Ethics and Analytic Philosophy. He has been a visiting fellow   at: Cambridge University  (UK), St John´s College , 1993;  Bielefeld University (Germany), 1994-1996,  Alexander von Humboldt   fellow;  Institut für die Wissenschaften vom Menschen , Vienna, Austria, 1999 as  Robert Bosch Senior   fellow. He has lectured extensively on various topics (including Rawlsand Wittgenstein) at universities and institutes in Germany, the United Kingdom, Belgium, Austria, Hungary and Turkey. His publications in English include: Wittgenstein : Why Philosophy Is Bound To Err (Peter Lang Publishing House, Frankfurt am Main, Berlin, Bern, Bruxelles, New York, Wien, 2000).  Rawls’ Encapsulation of Justice, Institut für die Wissenschaften vom  Menschen Working Papers, no. 2 /1999, http://www.univie.ac.at/iwm/pub-wp.ht m . Positions he has held include:  Headperson  - Department of Moral and Political Philosophy, University of Bucharest (1996-2007).  Research
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