Annual report of the Whipple Museum of the History of Science PDF

Contents The Department Introduction... 2 Staff and affiliates... 3 Visitors and students... 4 Comings and goings... 5 Roles and responsibilities... 6 Prizes, projects and honours... 7 Seminars and special
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Contents The Department Introduction... 2 Staff and affiliates... 3 Visitors and students... 4 Comings and goings... 5 Roles and responsibilities... 6 Prizes, projects and honours... 7 Seminars and special lectures... 8 Students Student statistics... 9 Part II primary sources essay titles Part II dissertation titles MPhil essay and dissertation titles PhD theses Transferable skills The Library Annual report of the Whipple Library The Museum Annual report of the Whipple Museum of the History of Science Individuals Annual reports of members of the Department Seminar Programmes Michaelmas Term Lent Term Easter Term Department of History and Philosophy of Science, University of Cambridge Free School Lane, Cambridge CB2 3RH Telephone: Fax: The Department Introduction The most amazing things happened in Firstly everyone who applied for promotions was successful, so we now have six Professors and one Reader congratulations to Simon Schaffer and Martin Kusch who are now Professors, and Liba Taub who is now a Reader. It just goes to show you have to be careful what you wish for, because our efforts over the past five or six years to secure extra space seem to have come to fruition in more than one way. During the year we secured a half a million pound HEFCE grant to install a new staircase and lift at the back of the Museum to improve access and egress (this will go ahead in the Spring of 2005), and the dream we had to take over the Heycock Lecture Theatre to provide a new building for the Whipple Library has received backing from the Council of the School of Humanities and Social Sciences and also the University Resource Committee we have to wait and see whether or not it will receive financial backing from HEFCE, so watch this space. Work on the Porter s Lodge was finally complete in the early part of 2004, so we now have much hankered after extra space, including a courtyard garden, which has proved very popular for parties which is just as well because it seemed as if we had so many reasons to celebrate that we partied almost non-stop all year, so many thanks to the Whippettes (a jazz band made up of our PhD students and their friends), who performed at almost all the functions, playing for free and entertaining us for hours with their fabulous music. The new Vice Chancellor, Alison Richard, visited us in October 2003 and was very impressed by our Department, especially the Museum; Estelle Morris, Minister for Arts visited in January 2004 and was equally impressed; we welcomed Eleanor Robson to the Department in January 2005, when she took up a new lecturing post; we enjoyed Jim Secord s inaugural lecture in February 2005; and the Whipple Museum celebrated its 60th anniversary in the spring of 2004 all reasons to party! The Museum looked as if it was going to be in for hard times when Monica Elsey took off on long term sick leave in the early part of 2004, but we would like to take this opportunity to thank the members of museum staff, in particular Lisa Newble, for picking up the reins and taking on her work, ensuring that the Museum suffered no ill effect from the absence. We were very successful in obtaining research grants this year and the LMB renewed Soraya de Chadarevian s fellowship for a further 5-year period; Tim Lewens secured a grant from Pfizer, which will, in all likelihood, be renewed in 2005; Nick Hopwood et al. were successful in obtaining a Wellcome Trust Enhancement Award, which would start in October 2004; Andreas Mayer was successful in obtaining a Wellcome Fellowship, which will start in January 2005; the Museum was successful in renewing its MLA (formerly re:source) grant for a third time, ensuring funding until the spring of And, to top it all, the Department received more AHRB studentships than ever before; largely due to this, PhD numbers have soared and in 2004 a record number of 11 new PhDs arrived in the Department let s hope they are musical! 2 Staff and affiliates Administrative Staff Ms Tamara Hug Mr Steven Kruse Mr David Thompson Computing Staff Mr Mark Rogers Library Staff Mrs Sonia Hollins Ms Dawn Moutrey Dr Jill Whitelock Museum Staff Mrs Monica Elsey Mrs Elizabeth Hart Mrs Sonia Hollins Ms Ruth Horry Ms Lisa Newble Teaching Officers Dr Jon Agar Prof John Forrester Dr Nick Hopwood Prof Nick Jardine Dr Lauren Kassell Dr Martin Kusch Dr Tim Lewens Prof Peter Lipton Dr John McMillan Dr Simon Schaffer Prof Jim Secord Dr Eleanor Robson Dr Liba Taub Affiliated Lecturers Dr Soraya de Chadarevian Dr Patricia Fara Dr Marina Frasca-Spada Dr Richard Jennings Dr Sachiko Kusukawa Dr Ilina Singh Dr Deborah Thom Dr Frances Willmoth Research Fellows Dr Helen Blackman Dr Andy Cunningham Dr Harmke Kamminga Dr Emese Lafferton Dr Neil Manson Dr Richard Noakes Dr Jutta Schickore Dr Nick Wilding Dr Sarah Wilmot College Fellows Dr Craig Bourne Dr Jim Endersby Dr Anandi Hattiangadi Dr Annette Imhausen Dr Mary Leng Dr Michela Massimi Dr Sanjoy Mahajan Dr Matteo Mameli Dr Adam Mosley Dr Sophie Page Dr Kate Price Dr Sujit Sivasundaram Dr Karin Tybjerg Affiliated Scholars Dr Jan Abram Dr Robert Anderson Dr Debby Banham Dr Emm Barnes Dr Andrew Barry Dr Robin Boast Prof Andrew Bowie Dr Michael Bravo Dr Janet Browne Dr Robert Bud Dr Jeremy Butterfield Dr Harry Collins Dr John Cornwell Dr Christopher Cullen Dr Silvia De Renzi Dr Nick Dew Dr David Dewhirst Dr Thomas Dixon Dr Matthew Donald Dr Nader El-Bizri Dr Aileen Fyfe Dr Faye Getz Dr Jeremy Gray Dr Ole Grell Prof Mary Hesse Dr Dominick Jenkins Mr Peter Jones Prof Ludmilla Jordanova Prof Geoffrey Lloyd Mr Scott Mandelbrote Prof Stephen Mason Dr James Moore Dr Ralph O Connor Dr Onora O Neill Dr Sarah Pennell Dr Lisbet Rausing Prof Michael Redhead Prof Evelleen Richards Dr Katinka Ridderbos Prof Martin Rudwick Prof Colin A. Russell Dr Christine Salazar Dr Max Satchell Dr Anne Secord Dr Richard Serjeantson Dr Emma Spary Dr Rebecca Stott Dr Kim Taylor Dr Andrew Wear Dr Paul White Dr John van Wyhe Dr Eli Zahar 3 Visitors and students Visiting Scholars Dr Steve Clarke Dr Ashton Craine Prof Charles Hampton Dr Robert Hanna Dr Jaume Navarro Dr Christer Nordlund Dr Tom Ryckman Dr Scott Stapleford Prof Paul Teller Prof Charles Weijer Dr Peter Whan Visiting Students Frederique Ait-Touati Thomas Brandstetter Gina Dahl Aaron Lambert Aryn Martin Anna Maerker PhD Students Katherine Angel Lorenzo Bernasconi Patrick Boner Michael Bresalier Alex Broadbent Tatjana Buklijas Victoria Carroll Emir Chen Katrina Dean Kemal De Soysa Jenny Downes Sarah Dry Katie Eagleton Axel Gelfert William Grundy James Hannam Daniel Heard Ben Irvine Stephen John Natalie Kaoukji Jeff Kochan John Latsis Christina McLeish 4 Michael Michael Helen Macdonald Saira Malik Ayesha Nathoo Arash Pessian Meredith Price Sadiah Qureshi Robert Ralley Jason Rampelt Torben Rees Francis Reid Ayako Sakurai Jeffrey Skopek Mark Sprevak Anke Timmermann Nick Tosh MPhil Students Isabelle Adams Yoon Choi Rod Cooke Paul Dicken Caroline Dombrowski Lauren Ellery Christopher Holmes Melanie Keene Marin Levy Adam Marlowe Alexandra Mudd Nicky Reeves Barham Razani Leon Rocha Lynnette Regouby Yali Sassoon Hallam Stevens Matthew Underwood Kristina Weaver Emily Wilcox David Yardley NST Part II Students Liz Bell Jo Broadwith Stefan Brugger Kathryn Carrick Mike Collins Helen Curry Nathan Easey Clare Fidler Henry French Oliver Frith Rebbeca Geddes Cass Genn Lois Grundy James Hyslop Sharif Ismail Alex Johnson Tess Kelly Bon-Hyuk Koo James Main Clare Mawdsley Emma McGlone Alex McKenzie Johnston Andrew Morgan Nick Morris Mairead O Connor Alice Pater Jo Probert Catherine Scott Katie Smith Greg Smyth Vanessa Steele Meriel Tolhurst-Cleaver Richard Wheater Jenny Wong Charles Woodcock MVST Part II Students Richard Davies Dan Lane Minnie Sandhu Meera Srinivasan Ben Wylie Comings and goings Helen Blackman left us in the summer of 2004 on completion of her three-year Wellcome Trust Fellowship. She took up a research post at the University of Exeter Centre of Medical History. Stephen John joined us on a two-year lecturing post shared 60:40 with the Cambridge Genetics Knowledge Park. Previous to that he had been a PhD student in the Department. Harmke Kamminga retired at the end of the summer of 2004 when her Wellcome Trust Senior Fellowship came to an end. However, she will remain an affiliate of the Department and we hope she will continue to be involved with the teaching and research for many years to come. John McMillan left us in the summer of 2004 to take up a Senior Lectureship at the Institute of Applied Ethics, University of Hull. He had previously worked on a four-year lecturing post shared 60:40 with the Cambridge Genetics Knowledge Park. Jutta Schickore left us in the summer of 2004 on completion of her three-year Wellcome Trust Fellowship. She took up a lecturing post at the Department of History and Philosophy of Science, Indiana University. Jill Whitelock resigned her position as Whipple Librarian at the end of the academic year to take up the enviable post of Head of Rare Books at the University Library. 5 Roles and responsibilities Departmental positions Head of Department: John Forrester (Mich 2003), Peter Lipton (from Lent 2004) Chairman of the HPS Board: John Forrester Secretary of the Board: Tamara Hug Director of Graduate Studies: Nick Jardine Secretary of the Degree Committee: Tamara Hug MPhil Manager: Martin Kusch Part II Manager: Nick Hopwood Part IB Manager: Simon Schaffer HPS Board and Degree Committee Professors and Readers: Peter Lipton (from Jan 2004), John Forrester, Nick Jardine, Martin Kusch, Simon Schaffer, Liba Taub Curator and Director of the Whipple Museum: Liba Taub Whipple Librarian: Jill Whitelock Departmental Secretary: Tamara Hug General Board Members: Michael Akam, Bryan Turner Co-options: Jon Agar, Soraya de Chadarevian, Tim Lewens, Halvard Lillehammer, Neil Manson, John McMillan Elected Senior Members: Marina Frasca-Spada, Nick Hopwood, Peter Jones, Anne Secord Elected Junior Members: Matthew Underwood (Graduate); Cass Genn, Susy Rothe (Undergraduates) Philosophy Faculty Board HPS Representative: John McMillan/Marina Frasca-Spada Examiners NST Part IB Senior Examiner: Tim Lewens Examiners: Eleanor Robson, Simon Schaffer, Martin Kusch, Nick Wilding, Neil Manson External Examiner: Dr Hasok Chang (Imperial College, London) NST Part II Senior Examiner: John Forrester Examiners: Peter Lipton, Andrew Cunningham, Nick Hopwood, Jon Agar, Jutta Schickore External Examiner: Dr Stephen Pumfrey (University of Lancaster) MPhil Senior Examiner: John McMillan External Examiner: Dr Rob Iliffe (Imperial College) 6 Prizes, projects and honours Student prizes Kemal de Soysa was awarded the Seventh Annual Waterman Prize for his PhD thesis, Using Globes and Celestial Planispheres in Restoration England. The Waterman Prize is awarded annually for an outstanding contribution to the understanding and use of the Whipple Museum s collection. Paul Dicken was awarded the Seventh Annual Jennifer Redhead Prize for the best performance in the essay component of the MPhil. Paul Dicken was also awarded the First Annual Rausing Prize for the best performance in the dissertation component of the MPhil. Alexandra Johnson was awarded the 2004 Bronowski Prize for the best performance in the HPS Part II course. New research projects Soraya de Chadarevian was awarded a four-year fellowship by the LMB to research the history of molecular biology. Nick Hopwood was the principal applicant (with co-applicants John Forrester, Lauren Kassell, Jim Secord and Nick Jardine) for a Wellcome enhancement award in the history of medicine. This will provide funding for five years from October 2004 for studentships, research leave, a website, workshops and conferences, with the primary aim of developing expertise in the field From Generation to Reproduction between 1550 and the present. Emese Lafferton was awarded a two-year Wellcome Trust fellowship on The history of Hungarian psychiatry in European context ( ). Tim Lewens collaborated with Katherine Angel and Stephen John on The Philosophy of Risk, a project funded by Pfizer Global Research and Development. 7 Seminars and special lectures Rausing lecture Professor Ian Inkster of Nottingham Trent University gave the Ninth Annual Hans Rausing Lecture in the History of Technology and Industry on 20 May The title of the lecture was Patents, technology and everything in the world, Inaugural lecture Professor Jim Secord gave his inaugural lecture, entitled Science in the Sun, life on the moon, on 5 February Seminars, reading groups and workshops Departmental Seminar in History and Philosophy of Science (organised by Simon Schaffer) was held in Michaelmas, Lent and Easter terms. History of Medicine Seminars (organised by Andrew Cunningham, Nick Hopwood and Sachiko Kusukawa) took place in Michaelmas and Lent terms. Psychoanalysis and the Humanities Seminar (organised by Mary Jacobus and David Hillman) was held in Michaelmas, Lent and Easter terms. Psy Studies Seminar History of Psychiatry, Psychology, Psychoanalysis and Allied Sciences (organised by John Forrester and Deborah Thom) took place in Michaelmas, Lent and Easter terms. Cabinet of Natural History (organised by Anne Secord and Emma Spary) was held in Michaelmas, Lent and Easter terms. Research Methods Seminars (organised by Marina Frasca-Spada and Nick Jardine) took place in the first two weeks of Michaelmas term. Epistemology Reading Group (organised by Peter Lipton) was held in Michaelmas, Lent and Easter terms. Wittgenstein Reading Group (organised by Martin Kusch) took place in Michaelmas, Lent and Easter terms. Reading Kant (organised by Marina Frasca-Spada, Steve John and Yoon Choi) was held in Michaelmas, Lent and Easter terms. History of Science Workshop (organised by Katherine Angel and Tatjana Buklijas) took place in Michaelmas, Lent and Easter terms. Philosophy Workshop (organised by Tim Lewens and Mark Sprevak) was held in Michaelmas, Lent and Easter terms. EPACTS the Early Physics, Astronomy, Cosmology and Technology Seminar (organised by Adam Mosley) met in Michaelmas and Lent terms. Philosophy of Language Reading Group (organised by Mark Sprevak, Axel Gelfert and Christina McLeish) took place in Michaelmas, Lent and Easter terms. Science and Literature Reading Group (organised by Kate Price) was held in Michaelmas, Lent and Easter terms. Medieval Science and Philosophy Reading Group (organised by John Marenbon) took place in Michaelmas, Lent and Easter terms. Latin Therapy Group (organised by Katie Eagleton and Adam Mosley) met in Michaelmas, Lent and Easter terms. 8 Students Student statistics Student numbers Undergraduates NST Part II MVST Part II... 4 NST Part IB Graduates MPhil PhD Examination results NST Part II (21%) 2i (74%) 2ii... 2 (5%) Fail... 0 MVST Part II i... 2 (50%) 2ii... 2 (50%) Fail... 0 NST Part IB (9%) 2i (52%) 2ii (37%) Fail... 0 Graduate degrees awarded MPhil degrees awarded PhD degrees awarded... 2 PhD degree by special regulations... 1 ScD degrees awarded Part II primary sources essay titles PAPER 1: Kepler, A Defence of Tycho Against Ursus Apologia pro Tychone contra Ursum, the manifesto: Kepler s vision of a new astronomy Kepler s Apologia: Kepler as fighting someone else s corner. How did Kepler stay faithful to his own beliefs whilst arguing at Tycho s behest? To be a Copernican: the awkward theology behind Kepler s Contra Ursum Was Kepler a realist? PAPER 2: Hooke, Micrographia Hooke, Hevelius and the new visual language of science How did Robert Hooke use the telescope in Micrographia? Placing the Moon in Micrographia The use of wit in Hooke s Micrographia PAPER 3: Tyndall, Belfast Address A comparison of Tyndall s Belfast Address of the British Association for the Advancement of Science (1874) with Sir William Thomson s (1871) Compare Tyndall and Thomson s uses of history in their presidential addresses to the British Association Compare Tyndall s treatment of the Belfast Address with that of the Rationalist Press Association John Tyndall and Thomas Huxley: scientific brothers? Rethinking the Belfast Address: John Tyndall, defining the man of science and the uses of spontaneous generation The Belfast Address and Victorian agnosticism The Belfast Address: an authoritative popular science account What type of scientific identity does Tyndall put forward in the dialogue in the Belfast Address? PAPER 4: Gould and Lewontin, The Spandrels of San Marco and the Panglossian Paradigm An assesment of three criticisms made by Gould and Lewontin in the Spandrels paper Are adaptationists guilty as charged when it comes to telling just-so stories? Falsificationist philosophy and the Panglossian Paradigm: a juxtaposition and analysis God and adaptationism Political implications of the Panglossian Paradigm The controversy over the Panglossian Paradigm: a Kuhnian perspective The Spandrels of San Marco and human adaptationism To what extent is The Spandrels of San Marco paper an attack on sociobiology? PAPER 5: Anscombe, Mr Truman s Degree Can we hold Mr Truman responsible for dropping the atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki? Do Anscombe s absolutism and the doctrine of double effect weaken her objections to the first use of the atomic bomb? How does the historiographical debate on the decision to use the atom bomb compare and contrast with Anscombe s own conclusions on Truman's role and moral responsibility in this decision? Innocence lost: accepting the widespread killing of Japanese civilians during the Pacific War Justification of killing the innocent Mr Truman, double effect and the secular: could Anscombe s views on murder be accepted by one who does not share her religious beliefs? Mr Truman s Degree (1956) and the Enola Gay Affair (1994) public opinion of the atomic bombings Mr Truman s Degree : a comparison of the double effect and the use of positive and negative duties in attempting to justify the bombing of Hiroshima Murder and culpability: is Anscombe right to blame Truman? Murder and Mr Truman s Degree : can the doctrine of double effect be reconstructed to stand up to criticism? Nagasaki: the real problem with Mr Truman s degree Public and private duty: should ex-president Truman be called a murderer? Was Mr Truman responsible for the dropping of the atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki? 10 What factors might have influenced the audience at the Convocation not to support Anscombe in her opposition to the honorary degree award to former President Truman, as recorded in her pamphlet Mr Truman s Degree? What makes pacifism a false doctrine? PAPER 5: Carson, Silent Spring A comparison of Silent Spring by Rachel Carson and The Female Eunuch by Germaine Greer A question which is not only scientific but moral: the concept of pollution in Silent Spring Discuss Rachel Carson s use of popular concerns about quality of life in 1960s America as a rhetorical strategy in Silent Spring Emotion and objectivity: Silent Spring and Rachel Carson P. Rothberg stated that Rachel Carson wrote not a scientist but rather a fanatic defender of the cult of the balance of nature. To what extent was this a fair assessment of her? Silent Spring and The War of the Worlds Transmission and adaptation of text to television: interests and narrative in Silent Spring PAPER 6: Freud, The Psychology of the Dream Processes Can we disprove Freud on the basis of modern neurology? Freud and families of metaphor Freud as a proponent of pseudo-science: how scientific is Freud s approach to dreams in chapter VII of The Interpretation of Dreams? How many minds does it take to have a dream? PAPER 7: Graunt, Natural and Political Observations... upon the Bills of Mortality Air as a non-natural in Graunt s Bills of Mortality Graunt and Heberden s Bills of Mortality John Graunt and the history of demography John Graunt: what are the implications of being a citizen of London? Rickets: a new disease in seventeenth-century England? Using the London Bills of Mortality ,
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