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USAL – NIVEL INTERMEDIO DE IDIOMA INGLES – Prof. Viviana Burattini The present continuous B Form The present continuous is the present tense of be + an ing-form. / am looking OR I'm looking you/we/they are looking OR you/we/they're looking he/she/it is looking OR he/she/it's looking NEGATIVE I'm not looking you/we/they aren't looking he/she/it isn't looking QUESTION am I looking? are you/we/they looking? is he/she/it looking? I'm getting the lunch ready. We're looking for a post office. What ar
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  USAL – NIVEL INTERMEDIO DE IDIOMA INGLES – Prof. Viviana Burattini The present continuous B Form The present continuous is the present tense of be + an ing-form. / am looking  OR I'm looking  you/we/they  are looking  OR   you/we/they  're   looking  he/she/it  is looking  OR he/she/it  's   looking  NEGATIVE I'm not looking  you/we/they  aren't looking  he/she/it  isn't looking  QUESTION am I looking? are you/we/they  looking? is he/she/it  looking? I'm getting  the lunch ready. The train is coming, look.We 're   looking  for a post office. Rachel  isn't wearing  her new dress.What  are you  doing?  Who is Vicky  dancing  with?  The ing-form1 We normally leave out - e when we add ing to a verb. take > taking drive > driving  But we keep a double e before ing. see > seeing agree  > agreeing 2  When a verb ends in -ie , it changes to ying. die > dying lie > lying  But y does not change. hurry > hurrying  3 Sometimes we double a final consonant . This happens when a one-syllable verb ends with one vowel andone consonant, e.g. win, put.win > winning put --> putting  C Use o We use the present continuous to say that we are in the middle of an action. I'm waiting  for the train. (I'm at the station now.) I'm waiting  means that I am in the middle of a period of waiting. The wait is not yet over. I'm getting  the lunch ready. (I'm in the kitchen now.) o We can also use the present continuous when we are in the middle of something but not actually doingit at the moment of speaking./ must get hack to the office. We 're   working  on a new project.I'm quite busy these days. I  'm doing  a course at college. o We can use the present continuous when things are changing over a long period. The number of cars on the road  is increasing. The earth is slowly  getting  warmer. Exercises 1 Form Rachel is in the computer room at college. Complete her conversation with Andrew. Put in a presentcontinuous form of the verb.Andrew: What (►) are you doing?  (you / do)Rachel: (►) I'm writing  (I / write) a letter to a friend. He's a disc jockey. Vicky and I (1) .......................................(try) to organize a disco.  USAL – NIVEL INTERMEDIO DE IDIOMA INGLES – Prof. Viviana Burattini Andrew: That sounds a lot of work. How (2)………………….………………….. (you / find) time for your studies?Rachel: Well, as I said, Vicky (3).............................................................(help) me.(4) …………………….…………..(we / get) on all right. (5)………….…………………………….. (we / not / spend)too much time on it. (6) ................................................................... (it / not / take) me away from my studies,don't worry about that. Oh, sorry, (7) ......................................................... .. (you / wait) for this computer?Andrew: Yes, but there's no hurry.Rachel: (8)…………………………………………….. (I / correct) the last bit of the letter. I've nearly finished. 2 Use What can you say in these situations? Add a sentence with the present continuous.► A friend rings you up in the middle of 'Neighbours', your favourite soap opera. “Is it important? I'm watching 'Neighbours'.”  1 A friend is at your flat and suggests going out, but you can see rain outside.I don't want to go out now. Look,...........................................................................................2 A friend rings you up at work.Sorry, I can't talk now. ...........................................................................................................3 You want to get off the bus, but the man next to you is sitting on your coat.Excuse me, ............................................................................................................................4 A friend wants to talk to you, but you have just started to write an important letter.Can I talk to you later? ...........................................................................................................5 You have been ill, but you're better now than you were.I'm OK now............................................................................................................................. The present simple A Use We use the present simple for ã thoughts and feelings: / think  so, I  like it. ã states, things staying the same, facts and things that are true for a long time: We live quite near  .ã repeated actions: We come here every week. and alsoã in phrases like I promise, I agree, etc: I  promise I'll pay you back. ã in a negative question with why to make a suggestion: Why  don't  we go out?  B Positive forms I/you/we/they  get  he/she/it  gets o In the present simple we use the verb without an ending. I usually  get  the lunch ready at one o'clock. We always do our shopping at Greenway.Most children like ice-cream. You  know  the answer. o But in the third person singular (after  he, she, it, your friend, etc), the verb ends in s or  es. It  gets busy at weekends. My husband  thinks so, too.Sarah catches the early train. She faxes messages all over the world. The present simple s endingIn the third person singular, a present simple verb ends in -s . I know > he knows I work > she works 1 After  s, sh, ch and x we add -es /iz/. pass > passes wash > washescatch > catches mix  > mixes2  Some verbs ending in -o have -es . go > goes do > does 3 When a verb ends in a consonant + -y , the - y changes to - ies. hurry --> hurries copy  > copies We do not change y after a vowel . stay  > stays enjoy  > enjoys  USAL – NIVEL INTERMEDIO DE IDIOMA INGLES – Prof. Viviana Burattini C Negatives and questions NEGATIVE I/you/we/they  do not get  OR don't get  he/she/it  does not get  OR doesn't get   QUESTION do I/we/you/they  get? does he/she/it  get?  o We use a form of  do in negatives and questions. We use do and don't except in the third personsingular, where we use does and doesn't. We don't live far away. He doesn't want  to go shopping. Do you  live here?  ~ Yes, I do. What  does he want?  ~ Money. We do not add -s to the verb in negatives and questions. NOT He-doesn't gets and NOT D oes he gets?  Exercises 1 Use (A) Look at each underlined verb and say what kind of meaning it expresses. Is it a thought, a feeling, a fact or arepeated action?? Matthew loves sport. a feeling  ? Sarah often works late at the office. a repeated action 1 I hate quiz programmes.2 We play table tennis every Thursday.3 The computer belongs to Emma.4 These plates cost £20 each.5 I believe it's the right thing to do.6 I'm hungry. I want something to eat.7 I usually go to work by bus.8 It's OK. I understand your problem. 2 Forms (B-C) Complete the sentences by putting in the verbs. Use the present simple . You have to decide if the verb ispositive or negative.? Claire is very sociable. She knows (know) lots of people.? We've got plenty of chairs, thanks. We don't want  (want) any more.1 My friend is finding life in Paris a bit difficult. He ......................... (speak) French.2 Most students live quite close to the college, so they ............................. (walk) there.3 My sports kit is really muddy. This shirt...............................................(need) a good wash.4 I've got four cats and two dogs. I .......................................... (love) animals.5 No breakfast for Mark, thanks. He..............................................(eat) breakfast.6 What's the matter? You ............................................... (look) very happy.7 Don't try to ring the bell. It................................................(work).8 I hate telephone answering machines. I just ............................................ (like) talking to them.9 Matthew is good at badminton. He .............................................. (win) every game.10 We always travel by bus. We ............................................ (own) a car. 3 Forms (B-C) Complete the conversation. Put in the present simple forms.Rita: (►) Do you like (you / like) football, Tom?Tom: (►) / love (I / love) it. I'm a United fan. (1)……………………………… (I / go) to all their games.Nick usually (2) .................................................(come) with me. And (3) ............................................. (we /travel) to away games, too. Why (4) .................................................... (you / not / come) to a match some time?Rita: I'm afraid football (5)……………………..…………….. (not / make) sense to me  men running after a ball. Why (6) .......................................................... (you / take) it so seriously?Tom: It's a wonderful game. (7)............................................... (I / love) it. United are my whole life.  USAL – NIVEL INTERMEDIO DE IDIOMA INGLES – Prof. Viviana Burattini Rita: How much (8)………………………………….... (it / cost) to buy the tickets and pay for the travel?Tom: A lot. (9) .............................................................. (I / not / know) exactly how much. But (10)……………………………………………………….(that / not / matter) to me. (11) .................................................(I / not / want) to do anything else. (12) ……………………………........................ (that / annoy) you?Rita: No, (13) .................................................(it / not / annoy) me. I just (14) ……………………(find) it a bit sad. Present continuous or simple? PRESENT CONTINUOUS o We use the present continuous for something happening now. ”/ am speaking to you live”  means that Kitty is in the middle of a live broadcast.Here are some more examples. It's raining  at the moment. I'm watching  this programme.Look. That man is taking  a photo of you. PRESENT SIMPLE o We use the present simple for repeated actions. “ I often speak live to the camera”    means that shedoes it again and again. It always rains at the weekend.I  watch television most weekends.He's a photographer. He takes lots of photos. B Thoughts, feelings and states o We normally use the present simple to talk about thoughts and feelings./ think  it's a good programme. Kitty  likes her job. o We also use it to talk about states and permanent facts. Reporting  means a lot to her. Paper  burns easily. o We also use the present simple in I promise, I agree, I refuse, etc. I  promise I'll  write to you. It's all right. I  forgive you. C Temporary or permanent? PRESENT CONTINUOUS o We use the present continuous for a routine or situation that we see as temporary (for a shortperiod). I'm working  at a sports shop for six weeks.At the moment they  're   living  in a very small flat. PRESENT SIMPLE o We use the present simple for a routine or situation that we see as permanent. / work  at a sports shop. It's a permanent job.They  live in a very nice flat. Exercises 1 Present continuous or simple? (A-B) At work Mark is talking to Alan in the corridor. Complete their conversation.Put in the present continuous or simple of the verbs.Mark: (►) Are you looking  (you / look) for someone?Alan: Yes, (►) / need  (I / need) to speak to Neil. He isn't in his office.Mark: (1)……………………..………. (he / talk) to the boss at the moment.(2)…………………………….. (I / think) (3)……………………………… (they / discuss) money.Alan: Oh, right. And what about you? (4)…………….………………….. (you / look) for someone too?Mark: Yes, Linda. (5) ............................................. (you / know) where she is?
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